Response to an Education Program for Parents About Adult Pertussis Vaccination

Department of Pediatrics, Baystate Children's Hospital, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA.
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (Impact Factor: 4.18). 06/2009; 30(6):589-92. DOI: 10.1086/597510
Source: PubMed


We designed a prospective study to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention designed to increase awareness and knowledge of pertussis among parents and grandparents of newborns. We also evaluated its effect on their willingness to receive the tetanus toxoid-diphtheria toxoid-acellular pertussis vaccine. There was a statistically significant (P < .05) increase in participants' knowledge about pertussis and in their willingness to receive vaccination after our education program. However, follow-up several months after participants underwent the intervention revealed that only 12 (8%) of 150 participants had been vaccinated.

Download full-text


Available from: Donna Fisher, Mar 25, 2015
  • Source
    • "This lack of awareness has been identified internationally as a barrier to vaccination, along with limited understanding of the potential for pertussis to cause severe disease in infants [12,13]. Consequently, educating parents of infants is an important step in removing barriers to vaccination; however, research has also shown that education alone is not sufficient to raise vaccination rates in parents [14]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Victorian Government Department of Health funded a diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis vaccine for parents of infants from June 2009 to June 2012 as part of a cocooning strategy for the control of pertussis. The aim of this study was to assess parents' attitudes and awareness of the vaccination program, and to estimate vaccine uptake. A cross-sectional survey of 253 families with a child born in the first quarter of 2010 residing within five metropolitan and four rural local government areas in Victoria was conducted. Univariate analyses were performed to describe the relationship between demographic variables, knowledge and awareness of the disease, the vaccine program and vaccine uptake. Multivariate analyses examining predictors for awareness of the vaccine program and for the uptake of vaccination were also conducted. One hundred and five families were surveyed (response rate 43%). Of these, 93% indicated that they had heard of 'pertussis' or 'whooping cough' and 75% of mothers and 69% of fathers were aware the pertussis vaccine was available and funded for new parents. Overall, 70% of mothers and 53% of fathers were vaccinated following their child's birth, with metropolitan fathers less likely to be vaccinated as rural fathers (RR = 0.6, p = 0.002). Being a younger mother (p = 0.02) or father (p = 0.047), and being an Australian-born father (RR = 1.9, p = 0.03) were found to predict uptake of the vaccine in parents. Parents indicated a reasonable level of knowledge of pertussis and a willingness to be vaccinated to protect their child. However, vaccine uptake estimates indicated further opportunity for program improvement. Future cocooning strategies would benefit from specifically targeting fathers and metropolitan maternity hospitals to increase vaccine uptake. Wider promotion of the availability of vaccine providers may increase uptake to maximise the success of cocooning programs. Further investigation of the effectiveness of the cocooning strategy in decreasing infant morbidity and mortality is required.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · BMC Public Health

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Academic pediatrics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) was recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for U.S. adults in 2005. Our objective was to identify barriers to early uptake of Tdap among adult populations. The 2007 National Immunization Survey (NIS)-Adult was a telephone survey sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Immunization information was collected for persons aged ≥18 years on all ACIP-recommended vaccines. A weighted analysis accounted for the complex survey design and non-response. Overall, 3.6% of adults aged 18-64 years reported receipt of a Tdap vaccination. Of unvaccinated respondents, 18.8% had heard of Tdap, of which 9.4% reported that a healthcare provider had recommended it. A low perceived risk of contracting pertussis was the single most common reason for either not vaccinating with Tdap or being unwilling to do so (44.7%). Most unvaccinated respondents (81.8%) indicated a willingness to receive Tdap if it was recommended by a provider. During the first two years of availability, Tdap uptake was likely inhibited by a low collective awareness of Tdap and a low perceived risk of contracting pertussis among U.S. adults, as well as a paucity of provider-to-patient vaccination recommendations. Significant potential exists for improved coverage, as many adults were receptive to vaccination.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Vaccine
Show more