Miniature In Vivo Robotics and Novel Robotic Surgical Platforms

ArticleinUrologic Clinics of North America 36(2):251-63, x · June 2009with14 Reads
Impact Factor: 1.20 · DOI: 10.1016/j.ucl.2009.02.013 · Source: PubMed


    Robotic surgical systems, such as the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, California), have revolutionized laparoscopic surgery but are limited by large size, increased costs, and limitations in imaging. Miniature in vivo robots are being developed that are inserted entirely into the peritoneal cavity for laparoscopic and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgical (NOTES) procedures. In the future, miniature camera robots and microrobots should be able to provide a mobile viewing platform. This article discusses the current state of miniature robotics and novel robotic surgical platforms and the development of future robotic technology for general surgery and urology.