Article

Comparison of neonatal outcome for inborn and outborn very low-birthweight preterm infants

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Niao Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Pediatrics International (Impact Factor: 0.73). 05/2009; 51(2):233-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2008.02734.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to compare the neonatal outcome of very low-birthweight (VLBW) preterm infants with regard to inborn and outborn status in a medical center of Southern Taiwan, where short-distance neonatal transport is the rule and maternal transport was not well established.
This retrospective study included outborn VLBW preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Kaohsiung after neonatal transport during the period from 1999 through 2003. An equal number of inborn preterm infants matched for gender and birthweight were included as controls. Infants with lethal congenital anomalies or who died in the delivery room were excluded. Data were collected from reviewing medical charts.
A total of 34 inborn VLBW infants and 34 outborn VLBW infants with neonatal transport were included. Chronic lung disease (CLD) was significantly more frequent in the outborn group according to McNemar test (P = 0.0124) and logistic regression. Logistic regression also showed that outborn status (P = 0.0173) and birthweight (P = 0.0024) were the two most important risk factors for development of CLD.
Well-trained short distance neonatal transport is useful and valuable for VLBW infants with gestation age of 27-34 weeks in Southern Taiwan. The respiratory outcome, however, was poor in the outborn group in terms of incidence of CLD. To improve the respiratory outcome, further modification of respiratory care during transportation or antenatal maternal transport is crucial.

0 Followers
 · 
20 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Women's fertility steeply decreases with increasing age, but the intensity of the decrease is individually significantly variable. The main cause of fertility drop is rapid decrease of ovarian follicle count. Deletion of ovarian follicles happens mainly by the mechanism of cell apoptosis. Nevertheless in the whole process participates also others exogenous and endogenous factors. At present new major steps in the complex ovarian ageing process has been identified and some innovative therapeutic strategies have been suggested to influence this process. At the end this paper evaluates currently available markers of ovarian reserve and its abilities to be used in routine clinical practice.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · Ceska gynekologie / Ceska lekarska spolecnost J. Ev. Purkyne
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of gender on survival and short-term outcomes of extremely premature infants (≤27 weeks) born in Canada. The records of infants admitted between 2000 and 2005 to a neonatal intensive care unit participating in the Canadian Neonatal Network were reviewed for infant gender, birth weight, gestational age, outborn status, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology II, and antenatal corticosteroid exposure. The following outcomes were recorded: survival at final discharge, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular hemorrhage grade ≥3, retinopathy grade ≥3, days on ventilation, and length of hospital stay. Among 2744 extremely premature infants, 1480 (54%) were male and 1264 (46%) were female. Mean birth weight of female neonates was significantly lower at each week of gestational age. Although no significant difference in survival at discharge was found between genders overall, the prevalence of BPD, combined adverse outcomes, and mortality for infants born between 24 and 26 weeks were significantly higher in males. This study suggests that, in the postsurfactant era, males remain at higher risk of respiratory complications and may have higher mortality when born between 24 and 26 weeks of gestation.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · American Journal of Perinatology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Delivery of premature infants outside tertiary care centers is not always preventable. The aim of this study was to compare rates of survival and common morbidities in extremely premature babies transported to a level III facility versus those born at the level III center. Retrospective chart review was performed on all neonates born at ≤ 28 weeks of gestation with birthweight ≤ 1500 g who were admitted to the Newborn Intensive Care Unit at Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children (KMCWC) between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2005. Infants were divided into two groups, those born at KMCWC (Inborn) and those born at level I institutions and subsequently transported (Transport) to KMCWC. A total of 394 neonates met the study criteria; 349 were inborn while 45 were transported. Survival rates were identical for both groups. However, the Transport group survivors displayed a significantly longer mean length of stay and higher rate of severe retinopathy of prematurity than those in the Inborn group (P ≤ 0.01). Identical rates of survival in both groups suggest that community medical professionals are providing satisfactory care to stabilize critical neonates without reducing their chances of survival. However, increased length of stay and higher rate of retinopathy of prematurity in the Transport group suggest that differences in medical management during the first few hours of life may adversely affect outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Pediatrics International
Show more