Optimal Properties of Exponentially Weighted Forecasts

ArticleinJournal of the American Statistical Association 55(290):299-306 · June 1960with31 Reads
Impact Factor: 1.98 · DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1960.10482064


    The exponentially weighted average can be interpreted as the expected value of a time series made up of two kinds of random components: one lasting a single time period (transitory) and the other lasting through all subsequent periods (permanent). Such a time series may, therefore, be regarded as a random walk with “noise” superimposed. It is also shown that, for this series, the best forecast for the time period immediately ahead is the best forecast for any future time period, because both give estimates of the permanent component. The estimate of the permanent component is imperfect, and so the estimate of a regression coefficient is inconsistent in a relation involving the permanent (e.g. consumption as a function of permanent income). Its bias is small, however.