Dynamic expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-related genes of Vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats and the effects of antibacterial agents

ArticleinJournal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 29(2):193-7 · April 2009with9 Reads
DOI: 10.1007/s11596-009-0211-4 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Dynamic changes in mRNA expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-promoting genes Fas and Bax and apoptosis-inhibiting gene Bcl-2 of vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats were detected and the effects of antibacterial agents were examined. The rat model with Vibrio vulnificus sepsis (VV group) was established and some of the Vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats were treated with antibacterial agents (AA group). The mRNA expressions of Fas, Bax and Bcl-2 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As compared with normal control group (NC group), the expressions of Fas and Bax mRNA in liver tissue at all different time points in VV group were increased significantly (P<0.05), and the highest levels of Fas and Bax mRNA expressions were 6 and 12 h after the infection, respectively. At the same time, the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA in liver tissue at all different time points in VV group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the lowest level of Bcl-2 mRNA expression appeared 2 h after the infection. The mRNA expressions of Bcl-2 in liver tissue 9 and 12 h after the infection in AA group were increased significantly (P<0.05) compared with NC group, while the expressions of Fas and Bax mRNA were not significantly different from those of NC group. Compared with VV group, the expression of Fas mRNA in AA group was decreased (P<0.05) and Bax mRNA was decreased significantly 12 and 16 h after the infection (P<0.05), while the expressions of Bcl-2 mRNA were increased significantly 9, 12 and 16 h after the infection (P<0.05). It is concluded that the mRNA expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-promoting genes Fas and Bax were increased remarkably in vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats, whereas the expression of apoptosis-inhibiting gene Bcl-2 mRNA was decreased obviously in sepsis rats in early stage. The treatment with cefoperazone sodium and levofloxacin lactate could inhibit the expression of Fas mRNA and Bax mRNA and enhance the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA at the same time.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Vibrio vulnificus inside the body could activate the NF-κB signaling pathway and initiate the inflammatory cascade. The lung is one of the earliest organs affected by sepsis associated with acute lung injury. High mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) is an important late-acting pro-inflammatory cytokine involving in the pathophysiology of sepsis. It is also involved in the injury process in the lung, liver and intestine. There has been no report on the involvement of HMGB1 in Vibrio vulnificus sepsis-induced lung injury. Methods: Sixty rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (group A, n=10) and a Vibrio vulnificus sepsis group (group B, n=50). Sepsis was induced in the rats by subcutaneous injection of Vibrio vulnificus (concentration 6×10(8) cfu/mL, volume 0.1 mL/100g)) into the left lower limbs. The rats in group B were sacrificed separately 1, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after the infection. Their lungs were stored as specimens, lung water content was measured, and lung pathology was observed under a light microscope. The expressions of the HMGB1 gene and protein in the lungs were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the LSD method for pair-wise comparison between the two groups. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Compared to group A (0.652±0.177), HMGB1 mRNA expression in the lungs of group B was significantly higher at 0 hour (1.161±0.358, P=0.013), 24 hours (1.679±0.235, P=0.000), and 48 hours (1.258±0.274, P=0.004) (P<0.05), and peaked at 24 hours. Compared to group A (0.594±0.190), HMGB1 protein expression at 6 hours (1.408±0.567, P=0.026) after infection was significantly increased (P<0. 05), and peaked at 24 hours (2.415±1.064, P=0.000) after infection. Compared to group A (0.699±0.054), lung water content was significantly increased at 6 hours (0.759±0.030, P=0.001),12 hours (0.767±0.023, P=0.000), 24 hours (0.771±0.043, P=0.000) and 48 hours (0.789±0.137, P=0.000) after infection (P<0.05). Compared to group A, pathological changes at 12 hours in group B indicate marked pulmonary vascular congestion, interstitial edema and inflammatory infiltration. Alveolar cavity collapse and boundaries of the alveolar septum could not be clearly identified. Conclusion: Vibrio vulnificus sepsis can lead to injury in rat lungs, and increased HMGB1 expression in lung tissue may be one of the mechanisms for injury from Vibrio vulnificus sepsis.
    Article · Jan 2011
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the dynamic changes of high mobility group protein B1 ( HMGBl ) expression in the lung of rats with Vibrio vulnificus sepsis so as to unravel the role of HMGBI in lung injury. Methods Sixty rats of clean grade were randomly divided into normal control group (A group, n = 10) and • Vibrio vulnificus sepsis group (B group, n=50). Sepsis model was made in rats with subcutaneous injection of Vibrio vulnificus with concentration of 6 × 10 8 cfu/ml in dose of 0.1 ml/100 g into left lower limb. The rats of group B were sacrificed 1h, 6h, 12h, 24 h and 48 h after infection for taking lung tissues to detect the water content of lung and to observe the histopathological changes in lung under light microscope. The expression of HMGBI mRNA and the level of HMGBI protein in the lungs were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Data were analysed with ANOVA and LSD method for comparison between groups, and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Compared with the group A (0.652 ± 0.177 ) , the expressions of HMGBI mRNA in lung of rats of group B were significantly higher in 12 hours (1.161 ±0.358, P=0.013), 24 hours ( 1.679 ±0.235, P=0.000) and 48 hours ( 1.258 ±0.274, p = 0. 004) and reached the peak in 24 h. Compared with group A (0.594 ±0.190) , the level of HMGBl protein in rats of group B 6 h after infection ( 1.408 ± 0.567, P=0.026) was significantly increased (P<0.05) , and it reached peak in 24 h (2.415 ± 1.064, P=0.000) after infection. Compared with group A (0.699 ± 0.054) , the lung water contents in rats of group B were significantly increased in 6 h (0.759±0.030, P =0.001), in 12 h (0.767 ±0.023, P = 0.000), in 24 h (0.771 ±0.043, P = 0.000) and in 48 h (0.789 ±0. 137, P = 0.000) after infection. Compared with group A, the pathological changes in the lung of rats in group B showed clearly marked pulmonary vascular congestion, interstitial edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and those changes became more and more serious until alveolar sacs entirely collapsed and the boundaries of the alveolar septa could not be clearly identified in 48 h. Conclusions Vibrio vulnificus sepsis leads to the lung injury of infected rats, and the increase in the expression of HMGBI mRNA in lung might be one of the mechanisms of lung injury in rats with Vibrio vulnificus sepsis.
    Article · Feb 2011 · Zhonghua wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To discuss the protective effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) on lung injury induced by vibrio vulnificus sepsis and its mechanism. Methods: BMSCs were isolated by whole bone marrow adherent culture from mouse. Male ICR mice were randomly divided into normal saline control group (NS group), normal saline + BMSC control group (NSB group), vibrio vulnificus sepsis group (VV group), vibrio vulnificus sepsis + BMSC group (VVB group) according to random number table, with 40 mice in each group. Sepsis mouse model was reproduced by injecting vibrio vulnificus (1 × 10⁷ cfu/mL) 5 mL/kg through the left side peritoneal cavity, and caudal intravenous injection of BMSC (4 × 10⁵ cfu/mL) 5 mL/kg for intervention after model reproduction. Ten mice in each group were sacrificed at 6, 12, 24 or 48 hours after injecting vibiro vulnificus, and their lung tissues were harvested. The lung wet/dry (W/D) ratio was calculated. The expression of nuclear factor-ΚBp65 (NF-ΚBp65) in nucleus was measured by Western Blot. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukins (IL-1β, IL-6) in lung tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes in lung tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and uranyl acetate-lead citrate staining. Results: After vibrio vulnificus injection, lung W/D ratio, the expression of NF-ΚBp65 in nucleus, and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 in the lung tissues were significantly increased in VV group compared with those in NS group at all the time points, and peaked at 12 hours. Compared with the VV group, the VVB group had significantly decreased levels of lung W/D ratio, NF-ΚBp65 expression, and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, with significant differences at all the time points [VV group vs. NS group at 12 hours: lung W/D ratio 7.22 ± 0.03 vs. 5.21 ± 0.02, NF-ΚBp65 expression (glay scale) 1.86 ± 0.74 vs. 0.75 ± 0.07, TNF-α (ng/L) 433.24 ± 3.23 vs. 106.57 ± 1.21, IL-1β (ng/L) 35.64 ± 0.15 vs. 10.64 ± 0.48, IL-6 (ng/L) 58.84 ± 0.55 vs. 17.69 ± 1.35, all P<0.05; VVB group vs. VV group at 12 hours: lung W/D ratio 6.49 ± 0.06 vs. 7.22 ± 0.03, NF-ΚBp65 expression (A value) 1.16 ± 0.08 vs. 1.86 ± 0.74, TNF-α (ng/L) 357.22 ± 3.25 vs. 433.24 ± 3.23, IL-1β (ng/L) 27.77 ± 0.59 vs. 35.64 ± 0.15, IL-6 (ng/L) 38.6 8 ± 1.29 vs. 58.84 ± 0.55, all P<0.05]. There were no significant differences in above indexes between NS group and NSB group. In the NS and NSB groups pathological changes were not obvious under light microscopy, in the VV group lung tissue hyperemia and edema was significant, the edema fluid, red blood cells and inflammatory cells also could be seen, and in the VVB group lung damage that mentioned above could be alleviated. In the NS and NSB groups epithelial cell structure of type I and type II was completed, and the changes were not obvious under the transmission electron microscopy. In the VV group the alveolar walls were damaged significantly, with type I epithelial cell cytoplasm swelling, bubbling and rupture, with type II epithelial cells visible cytoplasm decrease, cavitation, addiction to osmium lamellar corpuscle emptying, lysosome hyperplasia, microvilli reduction, and in the VVB group the above damage was alleviated. Conclusions: Vibrio vulnificus sepsis can cause acute lung damage and edema, and BMSC can down regulate inflammatory cytokines, reduce lung injury caused by vibrio vulnificus sepsis.
    Article · Nov 2014

Recommended publications

Discover more