Validation of the Brief ICF Core Set for low back pain from the Norwegian perspective

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine (Impact Factor: 1.9). 05/2009; 45(3):403-14.
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to identify candidate categories from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to be included in the Brief ICF Core Set for low back pain (LBP) by examining their relation to general health and functionality.
This was part of an international multicentre study with 118 participating Norwegian patients with LBP. The Comprehensive ICF Core Set for LBP was filled in by health professionals. The patients reported their health-related quality of life in the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) and function in the Oswestry Disability Index. Two questions regarding the patient's general health and functioning were completed by the health professionals and the patients themselves. Regression models were developed in order to identify ICF categories explaining most of the variance of the criterion measures.
Twelve ICF categories remained as significant explanatory factors according to the eight regression models, four of which were not included in a previously proposed Brief ICF Core Set for LBP.
The present study complements the development of the Brief ICF Core Set for LBP, and indicates a minimum number of categories needed to explain LBP patients' functioning and health. Further elaboration of the Brief ICF Core Set for LBP with multinational data is needed.

Download full-text


Available from: Unni Sveen, Jul 25, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In 2009, the World Health Organization published a conceptual outcome framework for evaluating upper extremity injury and disease, known as the Brief International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) Core Set for Hand Conditions. The purpose of this study was to apply the ICF conceptual model to outcomes for distal radius fractures (DRFs) and determine the contribution of each ICF domain to patient satisfaction. Patient-rated and objective functional outcome data were collected at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. We measured satisfaction using a subsection of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) satisfaction score. Measured study variables were linked to their corresponding ICF domain (personal factors, environmental factors, activity and participation, and body function). We then used hierarchical regression to assess the contribution of each ICF domain to variation in overall patient satisfaction at each time point. We enrolled 53 patients with unilateral DRFs treated with the volar locking plating system. Regression analysis indicated that measured study variables explain 93% (6 weeks), 98% (3 months), and 97% (6 months) of variation in patient satisfaction. For all 3 study assessment dates, activity and participation variables (MHQ-Activities of Daily Living, MHQ-Work, and Jebsen-Taylor Score) contributed the most to variation in patient satisfaction, whereas personal and environmental factors had a considerably smaller role in predicting changes in patient satisfaction. The results demonstrated that it is possible to reliably model the relative contributions of each ICF domain to patient satisfaction over time, and the findings are consistent with previous research (ie, that most outcome variation is due to physical or functional factors). These results are strong enough to support continued use and further research using the ICF model for upper extremity outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · The Journal of hand surgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To present a systematic literature review on the state of the art of the utilisation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) since its release in 2001. The search was conducted through EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsychInfo covering the period between 2001 and December 2009. Papers were included if ICF was mentioned in title or abstract. Papers focussing on the ICF-CY and clinical research on children and youth only were excluded. Papers were assigned to six different groups covering the wide scenario of ICF application. A total of 672 papers, coming from 34 countries and 211 different journals, were included in the analysis. The majority of publications (30.8%) were conceptual papers or papers reporting clinical and rehabilitation studies (25.9%). One-third of the papers were published in 2008 and 2009. The ICF contributed to the development of research on functioning and on disability in clinical, rehabilitation as well as in several other contexts, such as disability eligibility and employment. Diffusion of ICF research and use in a great variety of fields and scientific journals is a proof that a cultural change and a new conceptualisation of functioning and disability is happening.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The representation of pain diagnoses in current classification systems like International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV does not adequately reflect the state of the art of pain research, and does not sufficiently support the clinical management and research programs for pain conditions. Moreover, there is an urgent need to harmonize classification of pain syndromes of special expert groups (eg, International Classification of Headache Disorders) and general classification systems (eg, ICD-11, DSM-V). Therefore, this paper summarizes new developments, and proposals for pain diagnoses in revised classification systems. A qualitative review of the literature concerning new proposals for classification of pain syndromes that are based on consensus groups was conducted. Selected proposals of national and international pain societies that are based on consensual processes are presented. These proposals can be condensed to be used in ICD-11 classification. The benefits of considering multidimensional and transdiagnostic processes for the classification process are also outlined. The manuscript provides options how to transform current pain-specific classification proposals to the revision of ICD-11. PERSPECTIVE: Pain research and expertise must be more visible in the ICD-11 revision process. A general category for pain diagnoses as well as specific pain diagnoses under existing categories of organ-specific sections are needed.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · The journal of pain: official journal of the American Pain Society
Show more