Systemic correction of storage disease in MPS I NOD/SCID mice using the sleeping beauty transposon system

Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, Center for Genome Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA.
Molecular Therapy (Impact Factor: 6.23). 05/2009; 17(7):1136-44. DOI: 10.1038/mt.2009.87
Source: PubMed


The Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon system is a nonviral vector that directs transgene integration into vertebrate genomes. We hydrodynamically delivered SB transposon plasmids encoding human alpha-L-iduronidase (hIDUA) at two DNA doses, with and without an SB transposase gene, to NOD.129(B6)-Prkdc(scid) IDUA(tm1Clk)/J mice. In transposon-treated, nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID) mice with mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I), plasma IDUA persisted for 18 weeks at levels up to several hundred-fold wild-type (WT) activity, depending on DNA dose and gender. IDUA activity was present in all examined somatic organs, as well as in the brain, and correlated with both glycosaminoglycan (GAG) reduction in these organs and level of expression in the liver, the target of transposon delivery. IDUA activity was higher in the treated males than in females. In females, omission of transposase source resulted in significantly lower IDUA levels and incomplete GAG reduction in some organs, confirming the positive effect of transposition on long-term IDUA expression and correction of the disease. The SB transposon system proved efficacious in correcting several clinical manifestations of MPS I in mice, including thickening of the zygomatic arch, hepatomegaly, and accumulation of foamy macrophages in bone marrow and synovium, implying potential effectiveness of this approach in treatment of human MPS I.

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Available from: Lalitha R Belur
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    • "In another very elegant and simple method, naked DNA plasmids encoding a gene of interest are directly delivered into the liver by hydrodynamics-based transfection [14]. For stable gene expression, the transfection method has been coupled with the Sleeping Beauty transposon system, which mediates chromosomal integration of a transgene [15]–[17]. In this transgenic system, the expression cassette of a transgene is placed between two inverted terminal repeats (IRs), rendering the expression cassette transposable by Sleeping Beauty transposase. "
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    • "Extensive efforts were made to enhance the transposition efficiency of SB, yielding a set of hyperactive transposase versions with SB100X being the most active transposase to date (31). The SB transposon system has been used to correct several genetic deficiencies in pre-clinical animal models including those for tyrosinemia type I (32), Huntington disease (33), hemophilia A and B (34–38), junctional epidermolysis bullosa (39), mucopolysaccharidosis (40,41), type 1 diabetes (42) and glioblastoma (43,44). In 2008 the National Institute of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (NIH RAC) approved the first-in-man gene therapy clinical trial that uses transposons. "
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