Three experiments were conducted employing a continuous measure of conditional stimulus/unconditional stimulus (CS/US) contingencies
as perceived by the subject (i.e., subjective contingency or SC). It is argued that direct measurement of relational learning, as indexed by SC, can lead to
a better understanding of Pavlovian conditioning processes. The first two experiments applied this approach ... [Show full abstract] to a methodologic
controversy, raising the debate from a procedure-based argument to testing what the subject actually learns about CS/US relationships.
While the issue was not resolved, testable hypotheses for future research were generated from the data. The third experiment
contrasted the contingency stimulus-stimulus (S-S) account of Pavlovian conditioning with an earlier stimulus-response (S-R)
continguity-reinforcement account. In this experiment, both SC and skin resistance were measured. Evidence for the existence
of both cognitive-propositional and response-learning processes in conditioning was obtained.