Chronic catastrophic-like antiphospholipid syndrome: A " smoldering" variant?
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is characterized by life-threatening diffuse thrombotic manifestations involving particularly small vessels of kidney, lungs, brain and skin. We report a 20-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome who presented typical organ and histological involvement as seen in CAPS but with protracted course suggesting a “smoldering” form of the disease.
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