Approach to improve beam quality of inter-satellite optical communication system based on diffractive optical elements
National Key Laboratory of Tunable Laser Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China.Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.49). 05/2009; 17(8):6311-9. DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.006311
For inter-satellite optical communication transmitter with reflective telescope of two-mirrors on axis, a large mount of the transmitted energy will be blocked by central obscuration of the secondary mirror. In this paper, a novel scheme based on diffractive optical element (DOE) is introduced to avoid it. This scheme includes one diffractive beam shaper and another diffractive phase corrector, which can diffract the obscured part of transmitted beam into the domain unobscured by the secondary mirror. The proposed approach is firstly researched with a fixed obscuration ratio of 1/4. Numerical simulation shows that the emission efficiency of new figuration is 99.99%; the beam divergence from the novel inter-satellite optical communication transmitter is unchanged; and the peak intensity of receiver plane is increased about 31% compared with the typical configuration. Then the intensy patterns of receiver plane are analyzed with various obscuration ratio, the corresponding numerical modelling reveals that the intensity patterns with various obscuration ratio are nearly identical, but the amplify of relative peak intensity is getting down with the growth of obscuration ratio. This work can improve the beam quality of inter-satellite optical communication system without affecting any other functionality.
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ABSTRACT: The propagation of phase-locked circular dark hollow beams array in a turbulent atmosphere is studied. An analytical expression for the average intensity distribution at the receiving plane is obtained based on the extended Huygens–Fresnel principle. The effects of turbulence, dark parameter and beam order of the beams array on the intensity pattern are studied and analyzed. It is found that the intensity pattern of the phase-locked circular dark hollow beams array will evolve from a multiple-spot-pattern into a Gaussian beam spot under the isotropic influence of the turbulence. The intensity pattern of beam array with a larger dark parameter and beam order evolves into the Gaussian-shape faster with increasing propagation distance.
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ABSTRACT: Off axis illumination (OAI) is one of the key resolution enhancement technologies in projection lithography system. Recently, phase type diffractive optical elements (DOEs) are adopted by most of the lithography machine manufactures to realize OAI. In general, the efficiency of the OAI unit is the main consideration compared with uniformity. However, the main goal of the traditional constraint of iterative Fourier transformation algorithm (IFTA) is used to optimize the SNR, while diffraction efficiency is the secondary consideration. Therefore a constraint for IFTA is well designed to increase the efficiency of DOE in this paper. This constraint can guarantee the pole balance at the same time. The main idea of this constraint is to apply amplitude and phase freedoms in the signal window and to control the total energy of each pole. Based on the proposed constraint several DOEs are designed for high NA lithography illumination system. And remarkable improvement in the efficiency is observed compared with the traditional constraint. Furthermore, the efficiency and uniformity could be weighted by adjusting the parameter with extending this constraint to general case. To demonstrate the proposed constraints, experiments are carried out where a spatial light modulator is utilized to represent DOEs.
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