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STAGES OF ACUTE ALCOHOLIC INFLUENCE/INTOXICATION BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION grams/100 mL STAGE OF ALCOHOLIC INFLUENCE CLINICAL SIGNS/SYMPTOMS

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STAGES OF ACUTE ALCOHOLIC INFLUENCE/INTOXICATION
BLOOD-
ALCOHOL
CONCENTRATION
grams/100 mL
STAGE OF
ALCOHOLIC
INFLUENCE
CLINICAL SIGNS/SYMPTOMS
0.01-0.05 Subclinical
Influence/effects usually not apparent or obvious
Behavior nearly normal by ordinary observation
Impairment detectable by special tests
0.03-0.12 Euphoria
Mild euphoria, sociability, talkativeness
Increased self-confidence; decreased inhibitions
Diminished attention, judgment and control
Some sensory-motor impairment
Slowed information processing
Loss of efficiency in critical performance tests
0.09-0.25 Excitement
Emotional instability; loss of critical judgment
Impairment of perception, memory and
comprehension
Decreased sensitory response; increased reaction
time
Reduced visual acuity & peripheral vision; and slow
glare recovery
Sensory-motor incoordination; impaired balance;
slurred speech; vomiting; drowsiness
0.18-0.30 Confusion
Disorientation, mental confusion; vertigo; dysphoria
Exaggerated emotional states (fear, rage, grief, etc)
Disturbances of vision (diplopia, etc.) and of
perception of color, form, motion, dimensions
Increased pain threshold
Increased muscular incoordination; staggering gait;
ataxia
Apathy, lethargy
0.25-0.40 Stupor
General inertia; approaching loss of motor functions
Markedly decreased response to stimuli
Marked muscular incoordination; inability to stand or
walk
Vomiting; incontinence of urine and feces
Impaired consciousness; sleep or stupor
0.35-0.50 Coma
Complete unconsciousness; coma; anesthesia
Depressed or abolished reflexes
Subnormal temperature
Impairment of circulation and respiration
Possible death
0.45+ Death Death from respiratory arrest
KURT M. DUBOWSKI, Ph.D., D.A.B.C.C., D.A.B.F.T.
The University of Oklahoma
Department of Medicine
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Copyright
©
2006 by Kurt M. Dubowski, Ph.D.
All Rights Reserved
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