The employment of medicinal plants as a folk custom remains important to the present time, mainly in developing countries, where access to allopathic medicine is restricted. Besides their importance in traditional medicine, the knowledge on these plants can, directly or indirectly, provide information about the active ingredients involved, which may be of interest to the pharmaceutical industry. ... [Show full abstract] The present study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of dried methanolic extracts of Croton pulegioides Baill, extracted from its roots, stalk, and leaves, at the concentrations of 25, 50 and 100mg/ml. These were diffused in wells with an Agar medium, to which five strains of Gram-positive, three strains of fungi and three strains of Gram-negative bacteria had been added. For this study, the antibiotic Gentamicin (10µg/100µL) was used in tests with bacteria, and Ketoconazole (30µg/100µL), with Candidas. When DMSO diluted in 20% water was used, no activity was observed. The results produced evidence of inhibition halos, which indicates the activity of the methanolic extracts from the roots, stalk and leaves at the concentrations of 50 and 100 mg/ml for Bacillus subtilis AM 04; activity of the methanolic extracts from the roots and stalk at the concentrations of 50 and 100mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus AM 103 (ATCC 6538); and activity of the methanolic extract from the stalk at the concentrations of 50 and 100mg/ml for Staphylococcus epidermidis AM 235. There was no activity in the concentrations studied for the Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa AM 206, Escherichia coli AM 1050 and Klebsiella pneumoniae AM 410). With respect to fungal activity, the methanolic extracts from the roots and stalk inhibited Candida tropicalis AM 1181 and C. albicans AM 1140 at the three concentrations studied. The extract from the leaves inhibited the growth of C. tropicalis AM 1181 at the concentrations of 50 e 100mg/ml and C. albicans AM 1140 only at the concentration of 100mg/ml. Finally, the methanolic extract from the leaves, at the concentration of 100mg/ml, was the only one to inhibit the growth of Candida krusei. Preliminary results from this study suggest that the Croton pulegioides Baill showed promising results as a potential antimicrobial agent.