Expression of CHD1L in bladder cancer and its influence on prognosis and survival
Department of Urology, Jinling Hospital, No. 305, Zhongshandong Road, Nanjing, 210002, China. Tumor Biology
(Impact Factor: 3.61).
06/2013; 34(6). DOI: 10.1007/s13277-013-0951-4
Chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA-binding protein 1-like (CHD1L) is overexpressed and highly associated with poor prognosis in many malignancies. However, the role of CHD1L in bladder cancer (BC) has not been thoroughly elucidated. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of CHD1L expression with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in BC. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to investigate the protein expression of CHD1L in 153 BC tissues and 87 adjacent noncancerous tissues. Our data found that CHD1L protein expression was significantly higher in BC tissues than in adjacent noncancerous tissues (P < 0.001). CHD1L overexpression was significantly correlated with histologic grade (P = 0.005) and tumor stage (P = 0.009). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that survival time of patients with high CHD1L expression was significantly shorter than that with low CHD1L expression. Multivariate analysis further demonstrated that CHD1L was an independent prognostic factor for patients with BC. In conclusion, CHD1L is likely to be a valuable marker for carcinogenesis and progression of BC. It might be used as an important diagnostic and prognostic marker for BC patients.
Available from: PubMed Central
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ABSTRACT: Comprehensive sequencing efforts have revealed the genomic landscapes of common forms of human cancer and ~ 140 driver genes have been identified, but not all of them have been extensively investigated. CHD1L (chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene) or ALC1 (amplified in liver cancer 1) is a newly identified oncogene located at Chr1q21 and it is amplified in many solid tumors. Functional studies of CHD1L in hepatocellular carcinoma and other tumors strongly suggested that its oncogenic role in tumorigenesis is through unleashed cell proliferation, G1/S transition and inhibition of apoptosis. The underlying mechanisms of CHD1L activation may disrupt the cell death program via binding the apoptotic protein Nur77 or through activation of the AKT pathway by up-regulation of CHD1L-mediated target genes (e.g., ARHGEF9, SPOCK1 or TCTP). CHD1L is now considered to be a novel independent biomarker for progression, prognosis and survival in several solid tumors. The accumulated knowledge about its functions will provide a focus to search for targeted treatment in specific subtypes of tumors.
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ABSTRACT: CRKL encodes an adaptor protein that has been recently reported to be overexpressed in various cancers and associate with the malignant behavior of cancer cells. However, the expression pattern of CRKL protein and its clinical significance in human bladder cancer have not been well characterized to date. In the present study, CRKL expression was analyzed in 82 archived bladder cancer specimens using immunohistochemistry, and the correlations between CRKL expression and clinicopathological parameters were evaluated. We found that CRKL was overexpressed in 31 of 82 (37.8 %) bladder cancer specimens. A significant association was observed between CRKL overexpression and tumor status (p = 0.019). To further explore the biological functions of CRKL in bladder cancer, we overexpressed CRKL in BIU-87 and 5637 cell lines. Using CCK8 assay and colony formation assay, we showed that CRKL upregulation increased cell proliferation. In addition, transwell assay showed that CRKL could also facilitate invasion. Further study demonstrated that CRKL upregulation increased cyclin D1 expression and ERK phosphorylation. In conclusion, CRKL is overexpressed in bladder cancer and regulates malignant cell growth and invasion, which makes CRKL a candidate therapeutic target for bladder cancer.
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