The Changing Face of Percutaneous Image-guided Biopsy: Molecular Profiling and Genomic Analysis in Current Practice
Oncology is undergoing a revolutionary change. Image-guided biopsy is expected to play an increasingly important role in this radical transformation. Current concepts of disease and treatment are based on an established set of physical signs and symptoms and laboratory tests broken down by organ system. However, soon diseases will be categorized and treated based on much more specific and detailed molecular and genetic information. This transformation in how disease is categorized and treated will depend on the ability to harvest tissue from tumors and analyze it appropriately.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of leiomyoma ablation and shrinkage after MRI-guided focused ultrasound treatment performed according to U.S. Food and Drug Administration protocols for commercial trials.
A total of 147 symptomatic leiomyomas in 80 women (average age, 46 years; range, 34-55 years) were managed with MRI-guided focused ultrasound. The average volume of treated fibroids was 175+/-201 (SD) cm3. Before treatment, T2-weighted MR images in three planes were obtained to measure leiomyoma volume. Immediately after treatment, T1-weighted contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed MR images in three planes were used to measure nonperfused volume ratio. Similar images obtained 6 months after treatment were used to determine leiomyoma shrinkage. Qualitative and quantitative relations between fibroid volume, nonperfused volume ratio at treatment, and 6-month shrinkage were measured.
The average nonperfused volume ratio was 55%+/-25% immediately after treatment. Six months after treatment, the average volume of treated fibroids had decreased to 112+/-141 cm3 (n=81) (p<0.0001) with an average volume reduction of 31%+/-28%. A linear regression model showed highly significant correlation between posttreatment nonperfused volume ratio and shrinkage at 6 months (p<0.0001).
MRI-guided focused ultrasound therapy for leiomyoma can result in nonperfused volume ratio and shrinkage that exceed those in previous clinical trials because the treatment guidelines have been relaxed to allow a greater amount of tissue ablation. The results suggest that a larger nonperfused volume ratio can be achieved, resulting in greater shrinkage and improved relief of symptoms.
Available from: Rafael Dahmer Rocha
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