Decreased TIP30 Expression Promotes Tumor Metastasis in Lung Cancer

International Cancer Institute and Eastern Hospital of Hepatobilliary Surgery, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, PR China.
American Journal Of Pathology (Impact Factor: 4.59). 05/2009; 174(5):1931-9. DOI: 10.2353/ajpath.2009.080846
Source: PubMed


The HIV Tat-interacting protein (TIP30), also called CC3 or HTIP2, is encoded by Tip30, a putative tumor-suppressor gene located on human chromosome 11p15.1. In this study, we investigated the role of TIP30 in the progression and metastasis of lung cancer. TIP30 expression was analyzed in 206 paired lung cancers and adjacent non-tumor tissues, as well as in 70 matched lymph node metastases using a high-density tissue microarray. Results were compared with the clinicopathologic features of the patients from whom the tissues were taken. Low TIP30 expression levels were found in all 9 cases of small cell lung cancer and in 36.5% (72/197) of non-small cell lung cancer, which were correlated with lymph node metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer and with poor differentiation and advanced stage of tumor cells in squamous cell carcinoma. The immunostaining scores were significantly lower in the metastatic lesions than in the primary lesions. Down-regulation of TIP30 by a short hairpin RNA enhanced cell survival, migration, and invasion through Matrigel in vitro, and promoted lung metastasis and vascularization in nude mice. Further studies revealed that the down-regulation of TIP30 enhanced the expression of osteopontin, as well as matrix metalloproteinase-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor. Our results suggest that the down-regulation of TIP30 promotes metastatic progression of lung cancer, hence it could serve as a potential target for the development of lung cancer therapies.

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Available from: Beibei Liang, Mar 19, 2015
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    • "The role of TIP30 in tumorigenesis is also suggested by the observation of reduced expression of TIP30 in human colorectal cancer [10]. The down-regulation of TIP30 promotes metastatic progression of lung cancer [11]. Here we set out to evaluate the role of TIP30 in human ESCC by clinical investigation and cellular experiment. "
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    ABSTRACT: TIP30 is a putative tumor suppressor that can promote apoptosis and inhibit angiogenesis. However, the role of TIP30 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) biology has not been investigated. Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the expression of TIP30 in 70 ESCC. Hypermethylation of TIP30 was evaluated by the methylation specific PCR (MSP) method in ESCC (tumor and paired adjacent non-tumor tissues). Lost expression of TIP30 was observed in 50 of 70 (71.4%) ESCC. 61.4% (43 of 70) of primary tumors analyzed displayed TIP30 hypermethylation, indicating that this aberrant characteristic is common in ESCC. Moreover, a statistically significant inverse association was found between TIP30 methylation status and expression of the TIP30 protein in tumor tissues (p = 0.001). We also found that microRNA-10b (miR-10b) targets a homologous DNA region in the 3’untranslated region of the TIP30 gene and represses its expression at the transcriptional level. Reporter assay with 3’UTR of TIP30 cloned downstream of the luciferase gene showed reduced luciferase activity in the presence of miR-10b, providing strong evidence that miR-10b is a direct regulator of TIP30. These results suggest that TIP30 expression is regulated by promoter methylation and miR-10b in ESCC.
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    • "Five fields of each section (three sections of every group for the immunostain) were chosen randomly for counting the apoptosis cells and proliferation cells using the methods described in Refs. [57] [58]. Tumor micro-vessel density (MVD) was quantified using sections immunostained with CD31 (BioLegend, San Diego, CA) by two investigators independently and in a blinded manner according to the method described previously [59]. "
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    ABSTRACT: SM5-1 is a humanized mouse antibody which has a high binding specificity for a membrane protein of about 230 kDa overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), melanoma and breast cancer. In this study, SM5-1-conjugated poly d, l (lactide-coglycolide) (PLA) PLA containing Cy7 (PLA-Cy7-SM5-1) was prepared to study the targeting specificity of the bioconjugate to HCC-LM3-fLuc cell. Then, SM5-1-conjugated PLA containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (PLA-5FU-SM5-1) and PLA containing 5-FU (PLA-5FU) were prepared for treatment of subcutaneous HCC-LM3-fLuc tumor mice. The results showed that PLA-5FU-SM5-1, PLA-5FU and 5-FU induced a 45.07%, 23.56% and 19.05% tumor growth inhibition rate, respectively, on day 31 post-treatment as determined by bioluminescent intensity. In addition, in order to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of PLA-5FU-SM5-1, HCC-LM3-fLuc cells were injected into the liver to establish the experimental orthotopic liver tumor models. The experiments showed that PLA-5FU-SM5-1, PLA-5FU and 5-FU induced a 53.24%, 31.00%, and 18.11% tumor growth inhibition rate, respectively, on day 31 post-treatment determined by the bioluminescent intensity of the abdomen in tumor-bearing mice. Furthermore, we have calculated the three-dimensional location of the liver cancer in mice using a multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm based on bioluminescent intensity decay calibration. The reconstruction results demonstrated that PLA-5FU-SM5-1 inhibited the tumor rapid progression, which were consistent with the results of subcutaneous tumor mice experiments and in vitro cell experiment results.
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    • "The aim of this study was to demonstrate the involvement of HTATIP2/TIP30 in advanced epithelial serous ovarian cancer. Tong et al. [20] showed that downregulation of HTATIP2/TIP30 promoted metastasis in lung cancer. Downregulation of HTATIP2/TIP30 has also been observed in other cancer types, including melanoma, colon cancer, breast cancer, neuroblastoma, and hepatocellular carcinoma [13,14,16]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Human HIV-1 TAT interactive protein 2 (HTATIP2/TIP30) is an evolutionarily conserved gene that is expressed ubiquitously in human tissues and some tumor tissues. This protein has been found to be associated with some gynecological cancers; as such, this study aimed to investigate blood HTATIP2/TIP30 levels in patients with ovarian cancer. Twenty-three women with ovarian cancer and 18 patients with various non-cancerous gynecological complaints (for example, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, fibroids, and urinary incontinence) were included in the study. The pathological diagnosis of ovarian cancer was adenocarcinoma. HTATIP2/TIP30 concentration in the patients¿ blood samples was determined using ELISA kits. The HTATIP2/TIP30 level was significantly higher in the cancer group than in the control group (1.84 ± 0.82 versus 0.57 ± 0.13 ng/ml, mean ± SD). We demonstrated the potential role of HTATIP2/TIP30 in ovarian cancer for the first time, thereby enlightening future studies targeting HTATIP2/TIP30 in ovarian cancer treatment, diagnosis, and prevention.
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