Article

El error médico. Eventos adversos

ABSTRACT

Summary At the present time, care the patients safety during across the process of health is a priority target and determine the urgent necessity, to guarantee the satisfaction of their health needs, on best conditions as possible as it is, without complications for adverse events occurring in the medical attention. This paper purpose definition of different concepts like medical error, medical criteria, adverse and sentinel event, in order to define these concepts. Also try to show the sequence of events for a correct or incorrect medical decision, the consequent mistake and the possibility to produce an adverse event, with patient's damage. An important goal is that the medical practice is immersing in a biological paradigm, define like unpredictable, suitable, reactive and creative; very different to the exact science that has a predictable and structured paradigm, supported in mathematical rules. In the medical practice, each patient is an inedited situation and required all the knowledge, skills and experience in order to satisfy specific health needs, particularly in critical moments. The way for protect the occurrence of medical error include the clinical practices guidelines, evidence based medicine, the maintenance of professional competences by the continuous training, the close medical-patient relationship, integral approach of the illness and scrupulous data at the clinical record. In consequence, very often medical errors produce adverse events with damage of patients, or sentinel events with serious consequences of heath, integrity or patient's life. Is important to said that the adverse events could be appear even without a medical error, just for failures in structural and systems issues, including resources and it's maintaining, organizational variables, communication, human resources, training programs, process without standardization, failures an supervision or control phases. This paper shows the current adverse and sentinels events, distinguish between the possibility of its measurement with good and standardized register systems.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: over time, a significant number of definitions and concepts on quality of care have been identified. This study focuses on quality of care from the perspective of medical patients. quality of medical care includes different areas: opportunity, professional qualifications, safety, respect for ethical principles of medical practice and satisfaction with care outcomes. In this regard, at the Conamed (National Commission for Medical Arbitration), 8062 complaints have been followed, analyzed and completed between June 1996 and December 2008: in 16.8% of the complaints there were insufficient data to determine whether or not there was evidence of malpractice; 20.8% of the complaints had evidence of malpractice and in 62.4% of complaints the existence of good practice was determined according to the lex artis. Among the surgical specialties with the highest malpractice cases were the following: general surgery, gynecology, orthopedics, ophthalmology, emergency surgery, urology and traumatology. acknowledgment of the concept of quality of health care provides a starting point to determine the source of errors, malpractice and professional responsibility in order to resolve and prevent them. Conamed offers alternative means for conflict resolution related to physician-patient relationship by means of conciliation and arbitration, favoring patient and family, as well as the medical profession.
    Full-text · Article · · Cirugia y cirujanos
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of the quality of medical care began in Mexico in 1956. This was done by reviewing the clinical files of patients. In 1984, Donabedian introduced the Theory of Systems that evaluates structure, process and results, adopted as a base in the IMSS to develop the System of Integral Evaluation and Continuous Improvement of the Quality of the Medical Care, through the identification and solution of the problems that affect quality in medical care as well as the improvements of the inefficient processes or those with low quality. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care, European Foundation for Quality Management (ETQM) and International Society for Quality in Health Care (ISQua) use a similar methodology in its evaluations. The ISO System (International Organization for Standardization) was created in 1947 to assure and to certify the quality of the production processes and to guarantee the quality of the products that were fabricated. In health institutions the ISO system is useful to certify the structure and organization, and it indicates that they are under conditions to assure the quality of medical care, but it does not guarantee that this must happen. On the other hand, faults in structure and organization may result in poor quality of care. We conclude that both systems are complementary, rather than exclusionary.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Cirugia y cirujanos
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The literature is reviewed about the perception and attitude of physicians and patients in relation to medical errors, specially in the context of public health service. The actual tendency is to consider them as part of the medical process with a systemic approach, where monitoring and prompt recognition is important in enhancing the quality and security of the hospitalized patients. In ethics, the new paradigm is to inform medical errors. Eventhough legally it is not clear, there ha ve been international advances in this topic. Some recommendations are described to confront these situations with patients and understand their reactions. In the future, more transparency is expected.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Revista chilena de pediatría
Show more