The Effect of Tai Chi on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain in Cognitively Impaired Elders: Pilot Study

College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.
Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.) (Impact Factor: 1.2). 03/2009; 30(2):132-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2007.11.002
Source: PubMed


This article reports a pilot study of the effect of tai chi (TC), a pharmacological adjunct and mild aerobic exercise, on osteoarthritic knee pain in elders with cognitive impairment (CI). The TC program included a warm-up, 12-form Sun-style TC, and a cool-down period, for a total of 20-40 minutes per session, twice a week for 15 weeks. The results showed no significant differences in knee pain after the TC intervention in 7 elders with CI. However, more minutes of TC attendance were related to improved pain scores (Spearman's rho=.78, P < .05). Greater accuracy in TC performance was also correlated with improvements in pain scores (Spearman's rho = .70, P=.08). Of 4 elders who participated in TC practice regularly (more than 20 sessions), 3 showed clinically important improvements, but 3 elders who participated in no sessions or only a few sessions showed no improvement.

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Available from: Karl S Rosengren, Sep 02, 2014
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    • "People practice TC for various health purposes such as improving physical condition, muscle strength, coordination , flexibility, and balance, decreasing risk for falls, pain, stiffness, and fatigue, and improving sleep, cardiovascular and respiratory function, and overall wellness [25] [26] [27] [28] [29]. Tai chi involves slowly stretching the limbs and trunk, requires less physical strength than strenuous exercise, and can be suitable for physically frail older adults to practice in a small space, at any time, individually or in groups, regardless of weather conditions [30]. The National Arthritis Foundation has begun to promote a TC program to improve the quality of life for people with arthritis. "
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