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The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research

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... The goal was to get familiar with data and understand what sort of security points should be considered a security practice. Each analyst applied the open coding and constant comparison techniques from Grounded Theory [45] to extract security practices. ...
... 90 security points were allocated to the 3 analysts each week. In other words, each analyst was asked to extract security practices from 30 allocated security points using the open coding and constant comparison techniques [45]. Further, an Excel file was created and shared with all the analysts. ...
... Descriptive statistics were used to study the responses to the closed-ended questions, i.e., demographic and Likert scale questions. We also applied the open coding technique to analyze the responses to the open-ended questions [45]. Note that we used the answers (if any) to the openended questions to clarify why a particular security practice was chosen "Useful/Absolutely Useful" or "Not Useful/Absolutely Not Useful" by the respondents. ...
Article
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Despite the numerous benefits of microservices systems, security has been a critical issue in such systems. Several factors explain this difficulty, including a knowledge gap among microservices practitioners on properly securing a microservices system. To (partially) bridge this gap, we conducted an empirical study to manually analyze 861 security points collected from 10 GitHub open-source microservices systems and Stack Overflow posts concerning security of microservices systems, leading to a catalog of 28 microservices security practices. We then ran a survey with 63 microservices practitioners to evaluate the usefulness of these 28 practices. Our findings demonstrate that the survey respondents affirmed the usefulness of the 28 practices. These 28 security practices are further classified into six categories based on their topics: Authorization and Authentication, Token and Credentials, Internal and External Microservices, Microservices Communications, Private Microservices, and Database and Environments. We believe that the catalog of microservices security practices can serve as a valuable resource for microservices practitioners to more effectively address security issues in microservices systems. It can also inform the research community of the required or less explored areas to develop microservices-specific security practices and tools.
... The main research question driving this study was: "How can Sustainable Software Development be characterized?" To answer it, we applied the classic version of the Grounded Theory (GT) method [14], whose emphasis is on the construction of new theories from data systematically obtained and analyzed using comparative analysis. In this study, we used the key findings from a Systematic Mapping Study (SMS) on sustainability in SE [29] as a data source, together with the main results from an industry survey on the perception of software practitioners about sustainability in SE [21,22]. ...
... In this research, we carried out a qualitative study to address the following research question: "How can Sustainable Software Development be characterized?" To answer the question, we applied the GT method [14] whose emphasis is on the generation of new theories. The method was created by two sociologists, Anselm Strauss and Barney Glaser, and enables a systematic generation of a theory from a rigorous data analysis process [43]. ...
... The GT method encompasses a sequence of three steps closely interrelated: data collection, analysis, and theory formulation [5,14,15]. The Open Coding is the phase of breaking down, examining, comparing, conceptualizing, and categorizing data. ...
... Kindergarten settings are not only sites for the healthcare interventions of psychosocial support; instead, this study shows how educators may bear their conceptual groundings and logic, promoting aspects of psychosocial support from an educational point of view. Thus, we attempted to develop the concept of psychosocial support as a practice through a grounded theory approach (Glaser and Strauss, 1967), exploring and mapping individual approaches to how psychosocial support is enacted in kindergarten and also producing a narrative of how issues of psychosocial support should be addressed (Woodward, 2015). We see psychosocial support as a broad term to be explored and mapped across two different contexts in Palestine and Norway. ...
... This study is a comparative case study (Blömeke and Paine, 2008;Flyvbjerg, 2011), and takes on a qualitative grounded theory approach (Glaser and Strauss, 1967;Charmaz and Thornberg, 2020), to the psychosocial support of kindergarten teachers in Palestine and Norway. ...
... The analytical strategy for the data incorporated a grounded theory approach (Glaser and Strauss, 1967), seeking to "bottomup" the analytical categories, and from the teachers themselves. ...
... To explore the usefulness of low-code software development platforms inside the DevOps paradigm, we have conducted interviews with twelve IT professionals. Moreover, the exploratory nature of this study calls for a qualitative research approach like grounded theory (GT) [11]. ...
... We conducted interviews with 12 experts to get their opinions on merging DevOps with low-code with the aim to accelerate innovation and continuous software delivery. The process of data collection should stop when a saturation point is reached, i.e., no new concept or idea is being obtained [11], but we do not claim a saturation point in this exploratory study, yet. After finding the concepts and categories that represent the main concept of the proposed research objective, the opinions of participants were collected. ...
... Data analysis is based on "data coding" which is an important step of GT [11]. It consists of two processes: substantive, and theoretical coding. ...
Conference Paper
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Background: DevOps is currently one of the main trends in software development. Low-Code is also an emerging tendency that, combined with DevOps, may offer significant value to software businesses by improving the process. However, how DevOps practices and low-code are combined is little known. Aim: This study aims to understand the practitioner's perspectives on low-code trends. Method: Twelve interviews with IT professionals who deal with low-code in the context of DevOps were conducted. Then, a grounded theory approach was used to theme the interview quotes into emergent categories. Results: The main result of this exploratory study reveals that such an approach is the most common response to the skill shortages of software professionals. Conclusion: This study suggests the emergence of DevOps and low-code could significantly contribute to the development of quality products with low-cost and time.
... Following the exploratory sequential mixed methods research design, this study conducted the qualitative research first to explore the religious and spiritual insights of the consumers in context of advertising during a religious festival (Glaser & Strauss, 1967a (Jeong, 2007;Kulpavaropas, 2012;Marmor-Lavie, 2010). A questionnaire was provided to these marketing experts and asked them to rate each advertisement from 1 to 5, considering '5' as the highest value. ...
... Conducting interviews from the respondents in order to analyze their responses has been a common practice used in qualitative research (Abeza et al., 2015;Goulding, 2017). Following the guidelines of grounded theory approach, interviews were conducted, transcriptions were prepared, and coding process was conducted to generate new themes/categories (Glaser & Strauss, 1967a). Using this approach, e-CF framework has been developed to analyze consumer behavior while shopping online (Clark, 2007). ...
... Initially, the 'Open Coding' process was conducted in which initial concepts were identified (Glaser & Strauss, 1967a;Strauss, 1987). Codes were generated on the basis of philosophical and sociological reasoning. ...
Thesis
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Religious festivals are special occasions celebrated with religious contemplations and spiritual contemplations. Communities having high Religio Spiritual contemplations for such festivals are often targeted by intensive marketing campaigns based on TV advertisements. These high-stake religious festivals may consume a significant proportion of the annual advertising budget. When Religio Spiritual insights of the consumers are neglected in designing a TV advertisement, it can lead to “Irritation” of the consumers and can affect consumers’ Attitude towards Advertising. This irritation in religious communities may result in protests that can even lead to banning of TV advertisements by the regulators. Consumers’ Attitude towards Advertising is also influenced when TV commercials contain unnecessary Entertainment, inappropriate casting of celebrities with less Credibility, cluttered Information, and phony claims related to Good for Economy. A conceptual framework was developed on the basis of Theory of Reasoned Action to measure the effect of Religio-Spiritual Insights on consumers’ Attitude towards Advertising with its determinants, such as Entertainment, Credibility, Information, Irritation, and Good for Economy. Model fit indices (e.g. CFI, TLI, and RMSEA) were analyzed to validate the model and structural model was used to test the hypotheses. Divergent opinions about the relationship between religiosity and spirituality have made the measurement of Religio-Spiritual contemplations problematic. Opinions range from spirituality being broader than religiosity, or religiosity being broader than spirituality, or the two being distinct or overlapping. Relationship between religiosity and spirituality has been variously described as interchangeable, intertwined, or inconsistent. Existing instruments that measure religiosity or spirituality have been developed without a formal specification of relationship between the two constructs. Therefore, consumers’ Religio-Spiritual Insights cannot be empirically tested with Attitude towards Advertising by using the existing instruments religiosity and spirituality. This study proposes a new methodology of ‘Construct Differential Analysis’ to formally specify the relationship between religiosity and spirituality. Using the formal relationship so obtained, this study uses exploratory sequential mixed methods research design to develop the instrument of Religio-Spiritual Insights. In-depth XIII interviews with consumers were conducted during the religious festival of Ramadan to identify the categories of Religio-Spirituality using Grounded Theory approach. Categories were converted into constructs and codes into items with the help of a panel review. The newly developed instrument of Religio-Spiritual Insights was validated by checking its reliability and validity using SPSS 21 and AMOS 24. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was conducted to validate the newly developed higher order construct of Religio-Spiritual Insights using the Covariance Based Structural Equation Modeling (CB SEM) approach. The results suggest that the instrument measures the construct Religio Spiritual Insights, which significantly acts as a mediating variable between consumers’ Attitude towards Advertising and other constructs, such as Credibility, Information, Entertainment, and Good for Economy. However, result suggests a non-significant mediating effect of Religio-Spiritual Insights between Irritation and consumers’ Attitude towards Advertising. The key finding of this study suggests that researchers can use ‘Construct Differential Analysis’ to formally specify relationship among other constructs whose relationships have been informally or vaguely defined. This study validates the new instrument of Religio-Spiritual Insights and reveals several dimensions, which are Association with Higher Power, Beliefs & Practices, Self Actualization, Knowledge & Meaning, Heart & Mind Involvement Experience, and Interconnectedness. The findings also suggest marketers and policymakers that advertisements having Religio-Spiritual Insights decrease Irritation of consumers and such advertisements can be frequently aired during a religious festival to attract more consumers. Further research can be conducted to test the significance of Religio Spiritual insights during the celebrations of different religious festivals.
... I drew on the broad church of grounded theory, originally conceptualised by Glaser and Strauss (1967), whilst acknowledging the considerable controversy and breadth of opinion which exists within and about the approach. For example, whilst finding such framing useful, this study does not use theoretical sampling (whereby data is collected iteratively to generate theory (Ibid,.)), ...
... (2000, p. 519). However, it draws on many of the other elements associated with grounded theory, in particular the approach to coding and the concept of 'constant comparison' (Glaser & Strauss, 1967). I found Charmaz's approach of initial, focused and theoretical coding particularly helpful (2006) Finally, theoretical coding, whereby I brought together the codes generated by my focused coding under specific themes helped to build a holistic understanding of my data. ...
Thesis
This thesis examines the relationships between schools and universities regarding progression to higher education. It asks: what are the characteristics of school-university relationships in this sphere and how do they vary? It examines schools with different rates of progression to higher education, as defined by the Department for Education’s destinations data (Department for Education, 2019c) to frame a qualitative study. This thesis examines the relationships between schools and universities regarding progression to higher education. It asks: what are the characteristics of school-university relationships in this sphere and how do they vary? It examines schools with different rates of progression to higher education, as defined by the Department for Education’s destinations data (Department for Education, 2019c) to frame a qualitative study. This thesis makes several contributions to the academic literature. Empirically, the involvement of schools in progression to higher education is under-researched, with university-focused studies dominating the literature. Theoretically, the thesis draws upon partnership theory in order to understand the relationship between schools and universities, using policy sociology as an analytical lens. In doing so, it examines theory in a new space. Finally, this thesis focuses on an under-researched geographical area, the North East of England, in order to consider how university progression occurs in a particular physical area outside of London. This thesis may be of value to practitioners and policymakers, as well as contribute to the debate surrounding the access and participation agenda, and inequality discourses such as ‘levelling up’ and ‘closing the attainment gap’.
... Study 1 explored the formation path of QH BI of potential consumers from a CSR perspective. Grounded theory is an effective method for constructive research to specify the formation processes of social cognition and social psychology (Glaser et al., 1968). Therefore, in the first phase of this study, the material was collected through semi-structured interviews and processed with the grounded theory to construct a model of the formation mechanism of QH BI of potential consumers. ...
... The concept of QH was explained to the interviewees so as to avoid the possible influence of the inconsistencies in their understanding on the study. The actual research process follows the principle of theoretical saturation (Glaser et al., 1968). Information saturation was reached after interviewing 17 participants, and no new basic concepts were found in the primary coding. ...
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In this paper, we investigated the quarantine hotel (QH) booking intention (BI) of potential consumers from a corporate social responsibility (CSR) perspective. Mixed methods were adopted to explore the formation mechanisms of QH BI of potential consumers when the COVID-19 pandemic recedes. In Study 1, we constructed a theoretical model of QH BI of potential consumers based on grounded theory and put forward research propositions. In Study 2, we tested the robustness of the model and identified the mediating effect through two situational experiments. The research results showed that: (1) Potential customers are more willing to book QHs than normal hotels (NHs). (2) Multiple mediating mechanisms are involved in the effect of the operation as a quarantine facility on BI of potential consumers, including “QH-corporate social responsibility (CSR)-customer trust (CT)-BI” and “QH-CSR-customer gratitude (CG)-BI.” This research not only has theoretical significance for deepening and expanding social exchange theory and hotel CSR theories but also provides guidance for the participation of the hotel industry in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 pandemic and hotel marketing after the pandemic ends.
... This is due to the fact that it is hard, if not impossible, to tell what would be representative if the goal is the clarification of a complex and yet largely unknown concept. Interviews are recorded, transcribed, qualitatively analyzed, and annotated according to a code system, following the ideas of Grounded Theory [17]. The findings from an interview possibly lead to refinements of the code system and may indicate candidates for additional interviews. ...
... Many different definitions and characterizations concerning competence, soft skills, knowledge, expertise etc. exist in pedagogy. Weinert ( [17], p. 35) provides a widely used definition of competence, namely that competence includes the context, emotional elements, an ethical, normative component, and also the willingness and motivation to act autonomously and based on self-initiative after a cognitive analysis of a situation. For Rhein and Kruse, the core aspect of competence "is the specific interplay of knowledge, skills, abilities, personal characteristics, experiences, and motivational structures [...] that constitute a competence, without being reducible to its individual components, although the description of competences must always draw on these building blocks" ( [24], p. 80, translated by the authors). ...
Conference Paper
Digitalisation affects all areas of our private and professional lives, posing new requirements to cope with new technologies and the possibilities they offer. New competences are needed for mastering these challenges. Conse- quently, digital transition affects learning substantially. One of the competences that gain increasing importance through digital transition is media literacy. This paper tries to answer the question of how we can devise learning settings that foster media literacy in higher education. It does so by analyzing media literacy itself on the one hand, and learning settings in higher education which address media literacy on the other hand. Key findings are that media literacy is not pre- cisely characterized yet and that learning settings often do not address media lit- eracy as a main competence goal. To that end, recommendations for developing suitable competence-oriented learning settings in media literacy education at uni- versities are given.
... In accordance with local legislation and institutional requirements, this study was ethically reviewed by the Harbin Institute of Technology. Afterwards, the interview data were coded, induced, and clustered based on classical grounded theory [58][59][60][61][62][63] to construct a sound perception model of the blind older adults in nursing homes. scribed; finally the transcripts were coded and entered into the Nvivo 11 analysis. ...
... In accorda legislation and institutional requirements, this study was ethically reviewe bin Institute of Technology. Afterwards, the interview data were coded, clustered based on classical grounded theory [58][59][60][61][62][63] to construct a soun model of the blind older adults in nursing homes. As shown in Figure 4, the blind older adults living in the nursing home have a consistent schedule for their activities. ...
Article
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The number of blind older adults is gradually increasing with the aging of world’s population, and their needs and perception of sound are specific. This study investigated the behavioral activities of blind older adults and the dominant sound sources through on-site observation of an all-blind nursing home in China, and it used semi-structured interviews to obtain the sound perceptions of blind older adults. The findings showed that the daily behavioral activities can be categorized into basic living activity, leisure activity, social activity; and physical activity. The dominant sound sources included human, equipment, informational, and environmental sounds. This study developed a sound perception model of blind older adults in nursing homes, which takes three levels: sound requirements, acoustic environment, and sound cognition. Firstly, the blind older adults have a basic understanding of sound from the perspective of their living needs, then they feel the sound environment from the perspective of the living environment, and finally, they perceive the acoustic environment from the dimension of sound cognition in conjunction with contextual memory. This study sheds a light on the aural diversity of older adults, which is expected to support the inclusive design of nursing homes for older adults with visual impairments.
... Also, by commencing with the phenomenon or behavior rather than theories, there is less chance that the research outcomes will be theoretically removed from the needs of the subject under study (Evans, 2013;Charmaz and Thornberg, 2021). CGT involves identifying theoretical categories that are derived from the data through the use of the constant comparative method (Glaser et al., 1968;Evans, 2013). The constant comparative process involves three types of comparisons: ...
... The advantage of using this software was its special feature in Persian text analysis. As recommended by many scholars (Bryant, 2017;Charmaz, 2014;Corbin and Strauss, 2014;Glaser et al., 1968;Gregory, 2011) and to achieve a high level of abstraction and better conceptualization, data collection and analysis took place simultaneously. During coding, the process of comparing and reciprocating codes, concepts, categories and even the smallest pieces of data was done on a regular basis. ...
Article
Purpose Values are both an effective variable and a powerful stimulus for consumer behavior. Values are different concepts and classifications influenced by factors such as culture and religion in different societies. This paper aims to identify the classification of values in an Islamic country’s context, Iran. Design/methodology/approach Iranian dominant values were identified through qualitative analysis and in-depth interviews with 77 interviewees. Grounded theory was used to identify theoretical categories that are derived from the interview data through the use of the constant comparative method. Findings The findings revealed three categories of hedonic, utilitarian and Islamic spiritual values, which include 10 types of values. The third value (Islamic spiritual) was identified and defined according to the Iranian Islamic religion and ideology. Interviewees expressed their values, attitudes and behaviors within the framework of their unique value system. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is one of the first articles that pay special attention to Islamic spiritual values as an influential value category in the buying behaviors and intentions of Iranian consumers. Undoubtedly, identifying these values can be an introduction to studying behaviors influenced by values and a powerful tool for managers to predict and evaluate Islamic consumers’ behavior and lifestyles.
... We used the constant comparative method (Boeije 2002), which is useful when data is a combination of observed situated actions-talking and sharing between individuals in the situation-and documents. This method highlights the need to conduct different levels of coding depending on the type of data and constantly compare them with each other to accumulate knowledge from diverse perspectives (Boeije 2002;Glaser 1965;Glaser, Strauss, and Strutzel 1968). It enabled the feature-by-feature comparison of multiple important moments in conversation to identify where interaction with a sketch facilitated a deeper level of discussion. ...
... The resulting analysis was performed on two levels. First, to evaluate the conduct of the interviews, we also used the constant comparative method (Boeije 2002;Glaser 1965;Glaser, Strauss, and Strutzel 1968) for the second case study. Our comparison started with one interview and then extended to others. ...
Article
We introduce a novel data collection technique, Sketching Dialogue, which incorporates sketching as an integral part of the semi-structured interview process. This approach was evaluated and validated using two case studies involving 21 participants. Through the first case study, we demonstrate the value of Sketching Dialogue as an additional supportive artefact for interactive discussion in the interview setting. The second case study involved a process of other researchers applying the method within six different studies on a range of topics. We outline how Sketching Dialogue provided a more effective form of engagement with participants, especially regarding (personally) sensitive topics or where empathetic engagement was required. Through this work, we illustrate how sketching can enhance the quality of traditional research interviews for studies in human–computer interaction, in part due to its particularly flexible and accessible nature. Based on our experience, we also reflect upon the steps and practices needed to introduce a new qualitative research method to human–computer interaction researchers and designers.
... Grounded theory (Glaser and Strauss, 1967) which involves the process of analyzing, synthesizing and conceptualizing data systematically obtained from social research, assumes that knowledge is hidden in social reality. According to the data collected, it has been tried to show the relations between the conceptual categories and to reveal with which theoretical relations these are formed, changed, and maintained (Charmaz, 2002:4). ...
... The literature review aims to present the publications in the field of managerial leadership as a whole, as well as to provide open coding according to grounded theory assumptions, that is, analyze the data, make conceptualization by comparing events and actions according to their similarities and differences. This is sort of the collection of data with open coding as explained by Glaser and Strauss (1967) and Corbin and Strauss (1990) on theory building. Studies in the field of managerial leadership are examined. ...
Article
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Leadership is not a concept unique to today but has existed since the past. The historical process, which started with great men and trait theory, continued with behavioral leadership and situational leadership. Many new concepts related to leadership styles have emerged, today and in the recent past. Managerial leadership is just one of them. Managerial leadership can be achieved by the ability of people in managerial positions in their institutions to influence and lead the employees. A managerial leader emerges when the manager, who exhibits management and leadership behaviors, leads the employees at the same time. This study aims to examine the studies in the field of managerial leadership literature, gather them as a whole, and make theoretical suggestions. In this study, which was carried out in an exploratory and qualitative research design, 82 publications on managerial leadership were examined, the data collected with open coding was analyzed, the data divided into categories were narrowed by axial coding, and a theoretical proposition was made with selective coding. A comprehensive literature review in the field of managerial leadership and the use of Grounded Theory assumptions in this process add originality to the study.
... While the machine learning models in Section 5 could effectively distinguish between honesty violations reviews and honesty non-violations reviews, we are also interested in understanding the types of honesty violations reported in reviews. To this end, we applied the open coding procedure [22] on the 401 honesty violations reviews. As discussed in Section 5.1, these reviews include honesty violations. ...
... Bad reputation (22) Extra work to fix honesty violations (6) Identity theft (9) Face legal issues (8) Experience negative emotions (7) Experience negative emotions (21) Lose user trust (8) Harm work performance (3) Lose trust in apps/ company/ developers (14) Lose users (7) Harm personal reputation (7) Lose money unknowingly (19) Lose revenue/ business (18) Lose time (4) Consequences Stop using/ uninstall/ not install apps (13) Strengthen designing practices (7) Strengthen development practices (6) Strengthen testing practices (20) Be transparent with customers/ users (16) ...
Preprint
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Human values such as honesty, social responsibility, fairness, privacy, and the like are things considered important by individuals and society. Software systems, including mobile software applications (apps), may ignore or violate such values, leading to negative effects in various ways for individuals and society. While some works have investigated different aspects of human values in software engineering, this mixed-methods study focuses on honesty as a critical human value. In particular, we studied (i) how to detect honesty violations in mobile apps, (ii) the types of honesty violations in mobile apps, and (iii) the perspectives of app developers on these detected honesty violations. We first develop and evaluate 7 machine learning (ML) models to automatically detect violations of the value of honesty in app reviews from an end user perspective. The most promising was a Deep Neural Network model with F1 score of 0.921. We then conducted a manual analysis of 401 reviews containing honesty violations and characterised honest violations in mobile apps into 10 categories: unfair cancellation and refund policies; false advertisements; delusive subscriptions; cheating systems; inaccurate information; unfair fees; no service; deletion of reviews; impersonation; and fraudulent looking apps. A developer survey and interview study with mobile developers then identified 7 key causes behind honesty violations in mobile apps and 8 strategies to avoid or fix such violations. The findings of our developer study also articulate the negative consequences that honesty violations might bring for businesses, developers, and users. Finally, the app developers' feedback shows that our prototype ML-based models can have promising benefits in practice.
... Recruitment of participants entailed a snowball nonprobability convenience sampling approach by initially connecting with alumni from the University of Canberra, via the alumni office. 13 Ethical clearance for the study was obtained (HREC 9141). The inclusion criteria for this study meant that participants should be qualified radiographers within Australia, hold current registration with the governing body e Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA), and currently practising within a clinical environment, either in the public or private sector. ...
... Only radiographers who voluntarily agreed with oral and written consent were included in this study. Face-to-face and virtual interviews, depending on the participants' preference, were conducted by the first and third authors between August 2021 and December 2021 using the interview frame detailed in Table 1 until data saturation was reached at interview 15. 13 Interviews ranged from 8 min to 1 h ( Table 2) and were audiorecorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed independently. 14 The transcripts were read and reread, and initial codes were generated. ...
Article
Introduction Forensic imaging plays a pivotal role regarding medico-legal issues by investigating the cause(s) of injuries to living or deceased individuals. There is currently a gap in the literature on forensic imaging due to limited national and international guidelines, protocols and scope of duties and responsibilities of radiographers undertaking forensic imaging. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the gap by exploring the experiences and perspectives of radiographers on forensic imaging in Australia. Methods A qualitative approach collected data from fifteen purposively sampled qualified Australian radiographers through individual in-depth interviews. The verbatim transcribed data were thematically analysed. Results Two themes were identified: 1) Radiographers' experiences of forensic imaging; 2) Radiographers' perceptions of forensic imaging within the job scope of a qualified radiographer. Conclusions Participants' experiences of forensic imaging ranged from anxiety to a positive experience, and others posed ethical and situational dilemmas heightened by the lack of dedicated forensic imaging protocols. While some radiographers expressed that every radiographer should conduct forensic imaging, others felt it was not mandatory. Implications for practice Radiographers' shared subjective experiences, thoughts and feelings provided insight into forensic imaging and the need for more significant support from educational and governing bodies.
... Individual interviews were carried out with parents who had a diagnosis of any psychotic disorder, and who had a child between the ages of three and eleven years. This qualitative study was underpinned by a grounded theory approach in which the research was data-driven (Glaser et al., 1968), such that there was a simultaneous, rather than linear, process of data collection and analysis. Reflexive thematic analysis was used in order to establish patterns of meaning in the data (Braun & Clarke, 2006. ...
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Over a third of individuals diagnosed with a psychotic disorder are also a parent. The symptoms of psychosis and side effects of antipsychotic medication can impact on parents’ awareness of the needs of their children and, at times, the parent may be emotionally and practically unavailable to their child. This study assessed the expressed emotion of parents with psychosis and used qualitative methods to investigate their needs and experience in order to identify how best to support this parent group. Twelve parents with a diagnosed psychotic disorder and with a child aged between 3 and 11 years took part in semi-structured interviews. The majority of parents displayed high levels of warmth and low levels of negativity towards their child. Four themes were generated using reflexive thematic analysis: (1) the impact of psychosis on parenting, (2) the need to protect their child, (3) the need to feel normal, and (4) the impact of parenting stress on psychosis. These results showed how parents want to protect their children and feel normal despite experiencing psychosis. They also highlighted the cyclical relationship between parenting stress and psychotic symptoms, whereby psychotic symptoms can impact on a parent’s capacity to care for their child and parenting stress can exacerbate psychotic symptoms.
... Two researchers (AH, HS) performed a two-step content analysis of the transcripts. The first step produced inductive codes following grounded theory [7]. Starting with a first interview transcript, the inductive coding progressed with the following transcripts establishing a code-bookwith iterative re-coding of former interviews where necessary. ...
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Background Healthcare-associated infections remain a preventable cause of patient harm in healthcare. Full documentation of adherence to evidence-based best practices for each patient can support monitoring and promotion of infection prevention measures. Thus, we reviewed the extent, nature, and determinants of the documentation of infection prevention (IP) standards in patients with HAI. Methods We reviewed electronic patient records (EMRs) of patients included in four annual point-prevalence studies 2013–2016 who developed a device- or procedure-related HAI (surgical site infection (SSI), catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), ventilator-associated infection (VAP), catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI)). We examined the documentation quality of mandatory preventive measures published as institutional IP standards. Additionally, we undertook semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers and a two-step inductive (grounded theory) and deductive (Theory of Planned Behaviour) content analysis. Results Of overall 2972 surveyed patients, 249 (8.4%) patients developed 272 healthcare-associated infections. Of these, 116 patients met the inclusion criteria, classified as patients with SSI, CAUTI, VAP, CRBSI in 78 (67%), 21 (18%), 10 (9%), 7 (6%), cases, respectively. We found documentation of IP measures in EMRs in 432/1308 (33%) cases. Documentation of execution existed in the study patients’ EMRs for SSI, CAUTI, VAP, CRBSI, and overall, in 261/931 (28%), 27/104 (26%), 46/122 (38%), 26/151 (17%), and 360/1308 (28%) cases, respectively, and documentation of non-execution in 67/931 (7%), 2/104 (2%), 0/122 (0%), 3/151 (2%), and 72/1308 (6%) cases, respectively. Healthcare provider attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control indicated reluctance to document IP standards. Conclusions EMRs rarely included conclusive data about adherence to IP standards. Documentation had to be established indirectly through data captured for other reasons. Mandatory institutional documentation protocols or technically automated documentation may be necessary to address such shortcomings in patient safety documentation.
... 7. Dicho método propone un proceso de análisis de datos basado en la generación de categorías conceptuales (con sus propiedades y dimensiones) a partir de la información empírica, y en la comparación entre dichas categorías para armar una trama conceptual que aumente la comprensión de los hechos. Por medio del análisis cuidadoso de los datos, se van descubriendo nuevos conceptos y relaciones novedosas, y construyendo de manera sistemática las categorías, teniendo en cuenta los criterios de saturación y muestreo teórico(Glaser y Strauss, 1967). 8. Ver ejemplos de estos Boletines, al final de la Bibliografía correspondiente a este artículo. ...
Article
Esta experiencia articuló procesos de investigación, participación y praxis educativa, dirigida a la identificación de necesidades y demandas social por aprendizajes permanentes. Desde concepción de educación permanente, estrategias de animación sociocultural y educación popular confluyeron en el abordaje de investigación acción participativa. Implicó un análisis de la realidad barrial, con participación de referentes de organizaciones sociales y escuelas, partiendo de situaciones problemáticas vividas: baja calidad y pobreza educativa. Se indagó en visiones de docentes, familias y jóvenes sobre relación escuela/comunidad, a fin de construir “puente” facilitador. Impactó en el crecimiento de participantes en su capacidad de análisis reflexivo y en apropiación de instrumentos científicos. La construcción colectiva de conocimientos fundamentó la elaboración de acciones transformadoras y participativas
... Participants were subsequently categorised as based on their overall comments through a collaborative labelling process. We invited a third author to dispute any of the themes of the individual responses, ending up with constant comparison [17] based coding for the participant responses. The coded categories and the number of participants in each category are presented in Table 1. ...
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A new generation of wearable devices now enable end-users to keep track of their sleep patterns. This paper reports on a longitudinal study of 82 participants who used a state-of-the-art sleep tracking ring for an average of 65 days. We conducted interviews and questionnaires to understand changes to their lifestyle, their perceptions of the tracked information and sleep, and the overall experience of using an unobtrusive sleep tracking device. Our results indicate that such a device is suitable for long-term sleep tracking and helpful in identifying detrimental lifestyle elements that hinder sleep quality. However, tracking one's sleep can also introduce stress or physical discomfort, potentially leading to adverse outcomes. We discuss these findings in light of related work and highlight the near-term research directions that the rapid commoditisation of sleep tracking technology enables.
... Grounded theory, which was first put forward by Glaser and Strauss [50], is a qualitative research method that is used to investigate social actors and their relationships, interactions, and conflicts. It builds theory directly from field data. ...
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Danmaku is an important means of interaction in online education, providing a learning atmosphere of collaboration with peers. Nowadays, there have been more studies on Danmaku interaction. However, there are still some shortcomings in the existing literature for classifying and quantifying the content of Danmaku interactions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 informants to identify learner-content interaction that met learners’ functional needs and learner-learner interactions that met social, hedonic, and emotional needs. Using content analysis of two video lectures, we found that learner-learner interaction accounted for one-third in both. More learner-content interaction occurred in the lecture with declarative knowledge (in which instructors encouraged learners to practice) than in the lecture with procedural knowledge (in which the learners followed fixed steps). Learner-instructor interaction was also identified—especially when instructors had specific personal characteristics. Learner-interface interaction was also evident—especially in lectures that had quality issues. Since the learner-instructor communication was only one-way (no response from instructors), it was not perceived by learners, indicating that learners’ desire was not satisfied by Danmaku. The results of the study can provide teachers and content creators with advice related to course production and help teaching faculty recognize the importance of one-to-many interactive language and Danmaku interactions for learners.
... We interviewed five policymakers, four researchers, and five practitioners to explore both the current and the ideal information needed by the stakeholders in the heat transition decision-making. Then the qualitative data analysis was conducted using an iterative middle approach coding, a guided grounded theory (see [12]) with evolving predefined code references. In the coding process, three phases of coding were done namely: open coding, axial coding and selective coding (see [13]). ...
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Dutch municipalities have a vital role in creating policy concerning natural gas replacement with sustainable sources in the built environment by 2050, i.e., the so-called heat transition. Over the years, information provision from research and consultants to municipal policymaking in the heat transition has covered mainly the techno-economic dimension. However, a gap remains in the social information provision which enables more comprehensive and inclusive decision-making. This study answers the following research question: What social aspects do municipal policymakers need to consider in municipal heat transition policymaking? We first conducted a systematic literature review concerning energy users’ social drivers to transition from natural gas. Second, we conducted a single case study on the policymaking process of heat transition projects in the municipality of Zoetermeer in the Netherlands. The case study involved heat transition actors with various roles in municipal decision-making, including municipal policymakers, researchers, corporations and citizens. Then we developed a framework of the social drivers of energy users to transition from natural gas. Finally, this framework was enriched in an ex-ante evaluation in a semi-structured workshop. Our study shows that energy users’ social drivers can be categorized as behavioural belief, normative belief, and control belief. These social drivers combined with the techno-economic aspects shape the energy users’ participation in the heat transformation.
... All the collected data were analyzed with the inductive qualitative research method of Grounded Theory [7]. Constructivist grounded theory method [8], [9] was used as more appropriate method cause the researchers and the participants co-construct during the analysis and the data collection the final knowledge. ...
... The research team employed a constant comparative approach in order to address the research questions (Glaser and Strauss 1968) which, Fram (2013) argues, is well suited for both emic coding-driven by themes that emerge from the data analysis-as well as etic codingdriven by theory and literature. The research team read the data as a corpus, considering responses that alluded to hate and harassment. ...
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Often trivialized within the broader journalistic field, lifestyle journalists would seem to have the dream job: the opportunity to get paid to do what they love. The present study explores an under-discussed but material aspect of the job; namely, how lifestyle journalists undertake issues of hostility. Through the lens of theory of hostility towards the press and in-depth interviews with lifestyle journalists (n=24), this study argues that journalists tend to cover issues of hate against their audience members, but seek to ignore harassment when directed at them.
... As NavCog, Corsaire, Opendyslexic-chrome, eBookDys, Opendyslexic-firefox, and predict4all had a relatively small number of issue comments, we chose all issue comments (203) from these projects. The first two authors (i.e., analysts) independently inspected and classified the 447 (244+203) issue comments by following the open coding technique [12]. At the end, each analyst developed a list of the human-centric issues he/she found in the 447 issue comments. ...
... Observational field-notes and teacher focus-groups were qualitatively coded for each teaching practice found to be significantly different between effective and less effective teachers in the quantitative analysis. These qualitative data sources were also coded using a grounded theory, inductive, frame of analysis to discover additional themes and patterns emerging from the data (Hatch, 2002, Glaser & Strauss, 1968. ...
... With small sample size researchers are able to spend more time with each respondent and develop in-depth understanding about research problems (Chaturvedi & Karri, 2022;Dhaliwal, 2000). Researchers also realized that in a semi-structured interview process including more respondents does not result in additional new insights (Glaser & Strauss, 1967). Further, purposive sampling was used because selected participants were those who have required knowledge and relevant information about the subject. ...
Article
In entrepreneurial literature male and female entrepreneurs are compared frequently. Female entrepreneur’s contributions are significantly appreciated but still they are lagging behind male entrepreneurs, is concluded in numerous studies. Women entrepreneurs have diverse motives in comparison to male while engaging in business activities. This study builds on qualitative approach and responses of 22 female entrepreneurs belonging to different industries/domains of Uttar Pradesh (UP), India were collected through face to face in-depth interviews which were analyzed afterwards as per the identified themes. The outcome has concluded that undoubtedly women are made for entrepreneurship but their comparison with male entrepreneurs is completely unjustified; even if researchers are interested, a discrete and self-reliant framework incorporating all possible challenges faced especially by women entrepreneurs should be utilized for better in-depth evaluation of their performance and productivity. Further, the outcome can also be utilized by educational and training institutions, policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders to create a more conducive environment for female entrepreneurs in male-dominant entrepreneurial world.
... GT was employed to reduce the humongous data to analysable categories and bring reality to the fore. GT was developed by the sociologists, Glaser et al. (1968). According to them, the researchers needed a method that would move them from data to theory, so that new theories could emerge (Mhe, n.d.). ...
... GT was employed to reduce the humongous data to analysable categories and bring reality to the fore. GT was developed by the sociologists, Glaser et al. (1968). According to them, the researchers needed a method that would move them from data to theory, so that new theories could emerge (Mhe, n.d.). ...
... The sampling strategy was intentional sampling, relying on the validity and reliability of the information that the selected population can provide [39] and evidence of similar studies [40,41]. The study population was considered from the range of healthcare professionals (doctors and nurses from primary care) in relation to medication reconciliation in patients over 65 who worked in rural and urban health centers during the COVID-19 pandemic. ...
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The current demographic panorama in Spain corresponds to an aging population; this situation is characterized by the need to care for an elderly population, which contains polymedicated and pluripathological individuals. Polymedication is a criterion of frailty in the elderly and a risk factor for mortality and morbidity due to the increased risk of drug interactions and medication errors. There are numerous studies that measure reconciliation at hospital discharge and at admission, and even the methodology of reconciliation, but we have not found many studies that measure reconciliation in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic from the point of view of health professionals regarding difficulties and the strategies carried out, which is essential to begin to glimpse solutions. Methods: This was a qualitative study based on 21 in-depth interviews and two discussion groups, conducted between January and April 2021 (13 nurses and 8 doctors, in rural and urban areas). The discourse was analyzed according to the Taylor-Bodgan model and processed using Atlas.ti software. Results: The areas altered by the health crisis were access to patients, their reconciliation of medication, and changes in the care modality, including the greater use of telephone communication, changes in work organization, and time dedicated to patient care and family work. Difficulties encountered during COVID-19: change in medication format, the specific characteristics of the patient and their pathologies, and difficulties arising from communication with the patient and their family. The strategies applied: the collaboration of home assistants and caregivers, emphasis on patient-health professional communication, and the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Conclusion: The discharge was interrupted by the health crisis caused by COVID-19, in terms of both the traditional access of patients and by the remote care modalities generated by telemedicine.
... The study involved 105 individuals who formed a non-random, but characteristically targeted sample, through purposive sampling (Bryman, 2016;Hall & Roussel, 2017;Mason, 2017;Robinson, 2014). This sample size was considered satisfactory in relation to the purpose of the study in terms of theoretical saturation (Glaser & Strauss, 2017;Hennink & Kaiser, 2022;Mastrothanasis & Kladaki, 2021, p. 155). The individuals were selected after a public call for expression of interest by the scientific head of the study. ...
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Background: Ancient Greek tragedy remains today a special dramatic genre that expresses the concept of the classic through time, perhaps better than any other form of art and culture, representing, as a theatrical expression, the vision of the conception and expression of values of a particular era. In this context, the purpose of the present research is to study the humanitarian values of European culture, as they are expressed in ancient Greek drama, and to highlight the way in which these values are projected through modern drama and are impressed on the spectators. Methods: To achieve this goal, 105 spectators watched the tragedy of Aeschylus ‘Seven against Thebes’ directed by Cesaris Grauzinis and answered, both immediately after watching the performance and six months later, a questionnaire, in order to record their opinions about the theatre performance they had attended. Results: According to the findings of the comparative analyses, it emerged that the messages and values governing the work remain unchanged for its viewers over time. The memory is based on original audio-visual elements and directorial findings, confirming that it preserves the messages of the symbolism of the performance as well as the channels through which they were conveyed to the audience. Conclusions: The correspondences between the past and the present, as well as the contrasts on stage, contributed to the reproduction of the fundamental moral values that the dramatic work brought, highlighting the work and messages of Aeschylus.
... We have employed Grounded Theory (GT) to analyze the data obtained from the open-ended survey and interview questions. GT was originally proposed by Glaser and Strauss [78]. GT is an approach to hypothesize through qualitative analysis procedures, in contrast to approaches that use statistical methods to confirm or refute pre-established hypotheses [79]. ...
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The Brazilian General Data Protection Law (LGPD) implementation has impacted activities carried out by the software development teams. Due to it, developers had to become aware of the existing techniques and tools to carry out privacy requirements elicitation. Extending our previous work, we have investigated the actions taken by organizations regarding the LGPD, specifically in software development, considering the perception of agile development teams after two years of the LGPD implementation. In addition, we also investigated the perception of an agile team regarding the practices, techniques, and tools previously cited by practitioners as potential solutions for use in this context, along with techniques already in use in the current context. We have conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) and selected 36 primary studies. Furthermore, we have conducted a survey with 53 IT practitioners and semi-structured interviews with ten practitioners. The LGPD principles are known by most agile teams and are being implemented by the organizations, although the existing tools to support privacy requirements elicitation are still underused by agile teams. Moreover, agile teams consider that software requirements and software construction are the most impacted areas of knowledge by the LGPD, and most of them use user stories in privacy requirements elicitation. Our findings reveal that agile teams and Brazilian organizations are more concerned with user data privacy issues after the LGPD became effective. However, agile teams still face challenges in privacy requirements elicitation.
... Arioua and Croitoru [31] extended Walton's model by adding the concept of "dialectical shifts". Madumal et al. [12] used grounding theory [32] to propose the agent dialogue framework, and argued that "people switch from explanation to argumentation and back again during an explanation dialogue". ...
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Several studies have addressed the importance of context and users’ knowledge and experience in quantifying the usability and effectiveness of the explanations generated by explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) systems. However, to the best of our knowledge, no component-agnostic system that accounts for this need has yet been built. This paper describes an approach called ConvXAI, which can create a dialogical multimodal interface for any black-box explainer by considering the knowledge and experience of the user. First, we formally extend the state-of-the-art conversational explanation framework by introducing clarification dialogue as an additional dialogue type. We then implement our approach as an off-the-shelf Python tool. To evaluate our framework, we performed a user study including 45 participants divided into three groups based on their level of technology use and job function. Experimental results show that (i) different groups perceive explanations differently; (ii) all groups prefer textual explanations over graphical ones; and (iii) ConvXAI provides clarifications that enhance the usefulness of the original explanations.
... This study investigates what actions are taken by established Swedish energy actors to address present and future electricity grid challenges resulting from increased renewable variable electricity production. The research was conducted using grounded approach, in the sense that our research did not start by proposed hypotheses (Glaser et al., 1967). Instead, we applied an inductive discovery method to developing understanding of a phenomenon from findings rather than starting from a theoretical preconception (Cunliffe, 2011). ...
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With expanding solar and wind power production, the topic of flexibility services attracts increased attention in the Swedish energy system. In this context, the potentials in using thermal storage capacities in district heating (DH) systems have been brought forward, primarily by academic scholars. Using a ‘grounded’ approach, this study investigates if professionals assigned to Swedish DH companies and electricity distribution system operators utilise, or plan to utilise, DH systems as flexibility services for the electricity grid. Original data was collected through semi-structured interviews, held with fourteen individuals affiliated to different actors in the Swedish energy system. These individuals were identified as being experts, or practically engaged, in using DH utilities as flexibility services for the electricity grid. The findings show that although technologies for coupling between DH systems and the electricity grid are already in place, initiatives for using DH systems as flexibility services for the electricity system are rare in Sweden. Coupling challenges stem from ownership and operation legislation frameworks, marginal incentives and a widespread focus on firm benefits rather than energy systems benefits. Identified initiatives for using DH systems for flexibility services are primarily run on a local scale, designed and propelled by small groups of engaged individuals.
... GT was first developed by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss in 1967. According to Glaser and Strauss (1967) GT is a theoretical discovery from data obtained and analyzed systematically. GT was developed to generate theory from data obtained from a qualitative approach (Biaggi & Wa-Mbaleka 2018). ...
... Guided by the goal to evaluate workshop effectiveness, we identified key ideas related to IP by conducting a thorough content analysis of the text. After initially creating codes independently, we resolved coding disagreements and then iteratively constructed themes based on codes using constant comparison [37,38] and analytic induction [39,40]. ...
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Background Unaddressed impostor feelings that impede developing interest in science and self-efficacy in conducting research have a dispiriting effect that perpetuates unsatisfactory diversity in the health science workforce when such feelings are experienced more by those historically underrepresented in the workforce. This warrants effective interventions to reduce the impact of impostor feelings and related factors that diminish career resilience. We examined the effects of a 90-minute workshop on impostor perceptions and growth mindset to raise awareness of impostor phenomenon (IP) and develop skills to manage IP successfully for students attending a 10-week summer research experience program. Methods Using a convergent mixed-methods design, data were analyzed from 51 racially and ethnically diverse students who participated in an interactive IP workshop. Using students’ half-way and final progress reports about their summer experiences and pre- and post-summer online surveys, we identified how the workshop changed awareness of IP and helped students develop coping strategies. Results Students strongly endorsed the workshop, remarking that its content and personal stories from peers validated their own IP experiences and relieved anxiety by revealing how common the experience was. Many reported applying mindset-changing solutions, including positive self-talk, focusing their thinking on facts about themselves and situation, and grounding themselves firmly against potentially persuasive and confidence-eroding impostor feelings. While students reported end-of-summer impostor feelings at levels similar to before the program, they described being able to manage their feelings better and persist towards goals and challenging tasks. One measure of IP appeared to be addressed through students’ activation of a growth mindset, potentially explaining a specific mechanism for intervention. Discrepancies between qualitative responses and quantitative IP measures demand additional work on IP instruments. Conclusions A brief, theory-based IP workshop administered by research training programs, including those as short as 10-weeks, can have positive impact on subsequent IP experience and its successful management, with potential long-term impact on retention of a diverse biomedical research workforce.
... Theoretical sampling means that cases are not selected before the data analysis, but as the theory 336 evolves. Such a strategy implies that data collection, data analysis and theory development are 337 parallel processes that influence one another (Glaser & Strauss, 1979). The intended scope of the 338 scale, it is important to analyze the results of the qualitative analysis with regard to the cases that 341 were sampled. ...
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In this article, we propose a new approach to the problem of integration in mixed methods research that builds on a representational understanding of empirical science. From this perspective, qualitative and quantitative modeling strategies constitute two different ways to represent empirical structures. Whereas qualitative representations focus on the construction of types from cases, quantitative representations focus on the construction of dimensions from variables. We argue that types and dimensions should be integrated within a joint representation of the data that equally acknowledges qualitative and quantitative aspects. We outline how the proposed representational framework can be used to embed qualitative types in quantitative dimensions using an empirical study on teachers’ epistemological beliefs.
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El objetivo de este capítulo es describir la articulación que se plantea entre el Banco de Alimentos y los comedores comunitarios en el Partido de General Pueyrredón en 2020-2021. Para ello, se problematiza en torno a las redes de abastecimiento de comedores y merenderos en Mar del Plata, particularmente el lazo con el Banco de Alimentos desde la mirada de sus referentes. El diseño del estudio es cualitativo. Se implementó un relevamiento mediante la estrategia de etnografía virtual en tanto los comedores y merenderos hacen uso de las plataformas virtuales, específicamente la red social Facebook . También se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad presenciales y observación no participante en el BdA y en comedores y merenderos durante el año 2020-2021. La estrategia argumentativa se organiza: a)se contextualiza el funcionamiento de los Bancos de Alimentos y se sistematizan antecedentes sobre el tema; b) se describe la vigencia de comedores comunitarios en el Partido de General Pueyrredón; c) se sistematiza el análisis detallando la articulación entre el BdA y los comedores, actores intervinientes, circuito de donaciones, alimentos disponibles, etc.; y, finalmente, d) se esbozan consideración finales reflexionando sobre el nexo entre el problema alimentario, las redes de recuperación y redistribución de alimentos y el mercado.
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The purpose of this chapter is to provide researchers with knowledge of the challenges and benefits of moving to virtual platforms to conduct grounded theory studies during the Covid-19 pandemic era and beyond. An overview of grounded theory will be discussed highlighting interviews as the backbone of data collection for this methodology and the need to create a realistic research plan to implement the many steps the research process and document the challenges of this process during pandemic. Implementing qualitative research, including grounded theory studies in times of pandemic has not been an easy task, therefore, leading to a change in the research environment and operationalization of the well-established methods. To this regard, (qualitative) researchers were forced to adapt to virtual methods while trying to preserve the high quality and methodological rigorous of their studies. Thus, before embarking in a grounded theory study, it is important to examine the pros and cons of using online strategies to be able to make decisions related to participants’ recruitment, data collection through interviews and field notes. This chapter also provides practical strategies for scholars to implement grounded theory studies by using virtual platforms and describe the authors personal experiences in developing and supervising grounded theory studies by highlighting the challenges and benefits to both study’s participants and researchers. As the pandemic endures, it is important that researchers are aware of alternative methods for operationalizing their studies and ways of overcoming the challenges of doing recruitment and data collection through virtual means. The authors will conclude by recommending that rather than become worried about the quality of data obtained from an online interview, researchers reflect on the impact that it may have had on capturing the essence of the processes (phenomena) being studied and highlight the need of including the challenges and limitations of the study in the final report. Keywords: qualitative studies; grounded theory; data collection; recruitment; virtual platforms.
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The construction of hydropower projects has resulted in a significant number of reservoir displacements. Resettlement is unavoidably going to be a difficult problem to solve. Employment can provide endogenous economic sources for resettles as a key measure to address the issues of resettlement and development. While most researchers focused solely on its exogenous impact, they overlooked the employment psychology and internal drive intention of resettles, which are critical factors for resettlement programs to be successful. It is critical to study the resettles willingness and action mechanism for employment in order to obtain stable living resources through employment. Based on this, we use the China Three Gorges Project reservoir resettlement as an example and employ grounded theory to survey resettled employees’ employment willingness and the mechanisms underlying their employment behaviors. Our research concludes that: (1) Asset expulsion affects resettles’ employment, and the primary reason for their employment is an urge to reclaim their livelihood. (2) Government incentives and market opportunities foster favorable conditions for employment after resettlement. Family pressures and social ties are important motivators for resettled workers. (3) Individual characteristics are the most important factors influencing whether someone chooses to work. Hence, our findings could pave the way for a specific path to guide resettlement employment and serve as a reference for promoting the stable development for resettles.
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Abstract Texture is a term used to characterize the surface of objects and region and represents main features in pattern recognition and image processing. The concept of image or object, and is defined as a function of the brightness’s spatial fluctuation intensity of pixel or shape, analysis of texturemay be classified into four distinct categories (structural, statistical, transform, and a model-based approach). The purpose of feature extraction is to convert an image to a matrix vector and to create a unique representation of signal values. The term “feature extraction” refers to the process of extracting features from an image without the use of any processing procedure. This article presents the main texture strategies extracted such as co-occurrence matrix, gradient, contrast, DCT, DWT, fractal, and PCA are used for analysis image skin tumors and compare, combine these strategies to reach a high diagnostic accuracy by computational complexity to reduce the challenge example (rotation, noise, etc.) to become familiarwith themany sorts of features that may be utilized in DIA (digital image analysis) for future researchers are provided.
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Abstract Texture is a term used to characterize the surface of objects and region and represents main features in pattern recognition and image processing. The concept of image or object, and is defined as a function of the brightness’s spatial fluctuation intensity of pixel or shape, analysis of texturemay be classified into four distinct categories (structural, statistical, transform, and a model-based approach). The purpose of feature extraction is to convert an image to a matrix vector and to create a unique representation of signal values. The term “feature extraction” refers to the process of extracting features from an image without the use of any processing procedure. This article presents the main texture strategies extracted such as co-occurrence matrix, gradient, contrast, DCT, DWT, fractal, and PCA are used for analysis image skin tumors and compare, combine these strategies to reach a high diagnostic accuracy by computational complexity to reduce the challenge example (rotation, noise, etc.) to become familiarwith themany sorts of features that may be utilized in DIA (digital image analysis) for future researchers are provided. Keywords Image processing · Feature extraction · Texture analysis · Skin cancer
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Ezzel a kötettel arra teszünk kísérletet, hogy a társadalom megismerésére törek- vő szociológust segítsük annak végiggondolásában, (1) hogyan válogasson egy kutatás megtervezése során a szóba jöhető sokféle módszertani megoldás kö- zül, továbbá (2) lássa azt, hogy a rutinszerű megoldásokon (kérdőív és interjú) túl milyen sokféle egyéb módszer is várja, hogy alkalmazzák, (3) illetve, hogy mit lehet (s milyen áron) tenni azért, hogy a kutatás a lehető legjobban szolgálja a valóság megismerésében a kutatót. A kötet megtervezésekor abból indultunk ki, hogy minden szociológiát tanuló (vagy már művelő) kolléga számára hasznos lehet minél többféle módszert (és ezek alkalmazásának sokféle gondját, baját) megismerni. Lehet ugyan, hogy soha nem lesz módja ezeket a módszereket használni, de azzal, hogy tud ezek létezéséről, illetve gyakorolta, hogy miképpen lehet (és kell) mérlegelni a megfe- lelő módszer megválasztását és alkalmazásuk során ezek „finomhangolását”, megnő az esélye, hogy kutatás-módszertani szempontból kicsit közelebb kerül- jön a társadalom megismerésének elérhetetlen tökélyéhez.
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This study aims to contribute to the discourse on the impact of digitalization on the consumer self-concept. The objective is to provide a broad understanding of the impact that digitally enabled consumption environments have on the consumer self-concept and to unveil how this relates to brands. The study adopts a qualitative approach through in-depth interviews with five experienced Italian marketing directors operating in business-to-business and business-to-consumer markets. The analysis provides theoretical inputs about how digitalization has centered the consumer self-concept, the integration of digital resources and devices in the consumer self-concept, and the position of the consumer self-concept at the core of branding strategies. Moreover, the study yields a business-developed research agenda on the topic with three main focal areas: self-influence, hybrid experiences, and enthusiasm vs. avoidance. The study also has managerial implications pertaining to the relationship between the consumer self-concept and brands in digital spaces involving consumer–brand relationships, brand values, seamless positioning, and personalization.
Chapter
Es de vital importancia para la Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Contables y el grupo de investigaciones sectoriales empresarial y desarrollo económico “GISEDE”, de la Universidad de Boyacá, el desarrollo de herramientas investigativas y pedagógicas que permitan apropiar de manera rápida y simple la experiencia de empresarios exitosos formados en esta casa de estudios, con el fin de identificar la experiencia del cómo desarrollaron sus ventajas competitivas, así mismo cómo formularon soluciones a los problemas de su entorno, para entender de manera rigurosa el proceso de toma de decisiones adelantado por estas organizaciones para poder ser líderes en su sector. Por tal motivo se hizo evidente la necesidad de documentar el conjunto de experiencias de creación de empresa e historias de vida de los emprendedores egresados de los programas ofertados por la Universidad de Boyacá al incursionar el mundo empresarial, con el propósito de identificar los modelos organizacionales, prácticas administrativas y cursos de acción, estrategias que condujeron al éxito comercial de las organizaciones fruto de esos emprendimientos, y así caracterizar los procesos organizacionales internos y situaciones externas. Se elabora el presente libro, en el cual se presentan de manera sistematizada los ámbitos y contextos de tres estudios de caso, que condujeron a las empresas analizadas a ser promotoras de la innovación dentro de las comunidades donde se desarrolla su actividad comercial, los que fueron abordados desde una perspectiva que aporta al crecimiento del conocimiento en las ciencias administrativas, contables y financieras. Se concluye que los estudios de los casos son una herramienta de utilidad en los procesos de formación académica, al ser una guía en el proceso de análisis y toma de decisiones en contextos reales, la construcción de escenarios de simulación basados en hechos reales que estimulan la formación de competencias necesarias para el ejercicio exitoso de los futuros egresados de la Universidad de Boyacá y de todo aquel lector del presente documento.
Chapter
In diesem Beitrag soll es um mögliche Gründe für die Fortführung des Alkoholkonsums in der Schwangerschaft und Unterstützungsangebote bei Abstinenzwunsch gehen. Dabei werden einerseits die Ergebnisse einer qualitativen Studie unserer Arbeitsgruppe der Sektion Suchtmedizin und Suchtforschung, die unter der Leitung von Prof. Anil Batra durchgeführt wurde, vorgestellt. In dieser Studie geht es vorrangig darum, ein tieferes Verständnis für mögliche Gründe für die Fortführung des Alkoholkonsums in der Schwangerschaft zu erlangen. Andererseits wird auf die daraus abgeleiteten Implikationen und die Umsetzung im Rahmen der Überarbeitung der IRIS Plattform (IRIS = Individualisierte, risikoadaptierte internetbasierte Intervention zur Verringerung des Alkohol- und Tabakkonsums bei Schwangeren) eingegangen. Dabei werden auch die verschiedenen Aktivitäten der Sektion Suchtmedizin und Suchtforschung der Psychiatrischen Klinik des Universitätsklinikums Tübingen zur Prävention von Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft vorgestellt.
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