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Factors That Influences School Adolescents Exposure To HIV/STD In Bale, Oromia Region

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... Similarly, a study in 2008, in Bale, Ethiopia found that in school adolescents have had sexual experience, personal desire (39.1%) and peer pressure (23.3%) was the most important factor that precipitates the first sexual encounter which is much lower than the finding of the current study and this may be due to cultural and religious difference. [27] Among study participants, 105 (18.5%) of them reported that they have ever had sexual intercourse. Even though, this figure is comparatively low as compared to study conducted in 2009 in Jimma University, 26.9% of University students were ever had sexual intercourse and this may be related to age and academic level difference among the study population. ...
... Whereas study in Jamaica, claim that 57% and 39.5% of sexually active Jamaican adolescence had genital discharge and genital sore in last 12 months before the survey respectively. [27] Current study revealed that 7.4% of the students had encountered coerced sex which is very low as compared to finding in Bale that shows (15.9%), which signifies that such an issue has been legal concern in recent years and could be also due to cultural difference. [26] A transactional sex, which involves change of gift or money in return for sexual favor among school adolescents and old aged partner, serves as one means for the dissemination of HIV/AIDS among this vulnerable group. ...
... Study conducted in Bale and Jimma are also in the same line with this report, in that being male is 1.81 and 2.65 more likely to be engaged with risky sexual behavior respectively. [23,27] Studies in Bale also reported that respondents who has negative attitude towards condom use are 4.18 more likely to be engaged in risky sexual practice. This result is also found in the same direction with the current study that shows misconceptions free respondents are 55% less likely to be engaged with risky sexual practice as compared with those who have misconception. ...
... Similarly, a study in 2008, in Bale, Ethiopia found that in school adolescents have had sexual experience, personal desire (39.1%) and peer pressure (23.3%) was the most important factor that precipitates the first sexual encounter which is much lower than the finding of the current study and this may be due to cultural and religious difference. [27] Among study participants, 105 (18.5%) of them reported that they have ever had sexual intercourse. Even though, this figure is comparatively low as compared to study conducted in 2009 in Jimma University, 26.9% of University students were ever had sexual intercourse and this may be related to age and academic level difference among the study population. ...
... Whereas study in Jamaica, claim that 57% and 39.5% of sexually active Jamaican adolescence had genital discharge and genital sore in last 12 months before the survey respectively. [27] Current study revealed that 7.4% of the students had encountered coerced sex which is very low as compared to finding in Bale that shows (15.9%), which signifies that such an issue has been legal concern in recent years and could be also due to cultural difference. [26] A transactional sex, which involves change of gift or money in return for sexual favor among school adolescents and old aged partner, serves as one means for the dissemination of HIV/AIDS among this vulnerable group. ...
... Study conducted in Bale and Jimma are also in the same line with this report, in that being male is 1.81 and 2.65 more likely to be engaged with risky sexual behavior respectively. [23,27] Studies in Bale also reported that respondents who has negative attitude towards condom use are 4.18 more likely to be engaged in risky sexual practice. This result is also found in the same direction with the current study that shows misconceptions free respondents are 55% less likely to be engaged with risky sexual practice as compared with those who have misconception. ...
... In this study the reasons reported by the students for the initiation of sexual intercourse in those who ever practiced sexual intercourse were sexual desire (27%), marriage (25.7%), love (24.3%) and peer pressure(16.2%). Similarly, a study conducted in Bale, Oromia region found that personal desire (39.1%) and peer pressure 60 (23.3%) (16). In other study done in Aleta wondo town among school youth reported the reasons for the initiation of sexual activity were to prove love of boy/girlfriend 29.4% and peer pressure 23.5% (14). ...
... A study conducted in west Gojam zone on school youth, 33.3% reported having had two or more sexual partners (17). This finding is lower than study conducted in Bale Zone and in Mojo Town which showed that 47.7% and 53.1% of students reported to have sexual intercourse with more than one partner respectively (16,18). This discrepancy might be due to the difference in the growth of the town, since changing conditions due to urbanization and life style, put the health of adolescents at risk. ...
... Among sexually active respondents, about 3(5.5%) male students reported experiencing commercial sex, which is lower than similar previous studies. In other study done among high school adolescents in Bale Zone, higher proportion (20.5%) of males had sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers (16). On the other hand 14.8% of high school adolescents in South Gondar Zone had sex with commercial sex workers (19). ...
Article
Background: Youths’ sexual behaviour affects their physical, psychological and social well-being leading to death. Youth are at high risk of Human Immune Virus (HIV) and Sexual Transmitted Infection (STI) despite high level of knowledge about HIV/STI. Objective: to assess risky sexual behaviour and associated factors among high school youth 15- 24 years. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed using a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire and supplemented by focus group discussion which conducted from May 10th to 20th, 2012G.C among high school youth in Pawe Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were employed. A total of 374 youth were selected using simple random sampling method. The data were analyzed using SPSS for windows version 16.0. Descriptive statists, bivariate and multi-variable logistic regression analyses were performed after cleaning the data. Statistical significance was declared at P<0.05. Results: Out of the study subjects; 90 (24.1%) respondents were sexually active. Among the sexually active students: 37(41.1%) reported ever use of condom, 5.5% reported sexual contact with commercial sex workers and 26 (35.1%) reported having more than two sexual partner. Consistent use of condom was reported only by 16(43.2%). Seventy four (82.2%) had risky sexual behavior. Only 24 (26.7%) reported high chance of acquiring Human Immune Virus (HIV) and Sexual Transmitted Infection (STI). Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that being in 18-24 age group (AOR=3.279 [95% CI: 1.79, 6.008]) and drinking alcohol (AOR = 9.1 [95% CI: 2.517, 32.9]) were associated with risky sexual behaviour. Conclusion: Considerable amount of school youth had started early sexual activity and have developed risky sexual behaviour that might predispose them to different sexual and reproductive health problems. Delaying sexual initiation and reducing risky sexual behaviour among youth can be achieved through well designed sexual education programs at earlier life in school.
... In this regards, the finding of the present study shown a better knowledge in HIV prevention by abstinence and being faithfulness compared to the 2011 EDHS data and the study among students in Bale zone and is almost similar with study conducted in western part of Ethiopia. The variation could be as a result of the difference in time and the level of educational status [9,11,12]. ...
... The finding of this study on sexual intercourse for economic benefit of 44.2% is much higher than the findings of previous studies. The study in Bale zone among secondary school students reported that of those who had practiced sexual intercourse, 66 (25.6%) received money for sex and in the study among Addis Abeba university students, of those who had sex in the past 6 months, 15 (10.43%) of females mentioned that they had sex in exchange for money or gifts [11,17]. These significant differences may be explained for the school fee expected of the present study participants and the current rise in living costs that may force students to finding economic sources in expense of sexual exchange. ...
Article
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Background: HIV/AIDS risky behavior remains a critical health concern for young women for multiple biological and socioeconomic reasons. Hence, the objective of the study was to assess the level of risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among female students in private colleges in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia.
... Sample size for the study was determined by using single population proportion formula by considering 30% prevalence of risky sexual behavior, sexually active students, from a study conducted in Oromia region, Bale zone [21], 95% confidence interval (CI), 5% margin of error, and 10% nonresponse rate. In addition, since the total number of students in the schools was 2,216, less than 10,000 correction formula was used, which gives a final sample size of 311. ...
... Procedures. Structured self-administered questionnaire, adapted and modified from other study [21], was used to collect data. The questionnaire was first prepared in English then translated to the local language, Amharic, by a person who have good knowledge of both languages. ...
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. Young people constitute a large number of population worldwide, and majority of this population group lives in developing countries. They are at high risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors. These risk sexual behaviors predispose youths to several sexual and reproductive health problems like STIs, HIV, unwanted pregnancy, and abortion. So, this study was conducted to assess the magnitude of risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among Jiga high school and preparatory school students, northwest Ethiopia. Methodology . Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted among Jiga town high school and preparatory school students. A total of 311 students were included in the study. Systematic random sampling method was used to select study participants. Data was entered using EpiData version 3.1 and it was exported to SPSS version 22 for further analysis. Descriptive analysis and bivariate and multivariate analysis were also calculated to determine factors associated with risky sexual behavior. Result . Forty-eight (16%) of respondents reported that they had sexual intercourse. From those who start sex, 44 (14.7%) were involved in risky sexual behavior which could predispose them to sexual and reproductive health problems. More than half, 27 (56.3%), of respondents first sexual intercourse was before their eighteenth birthday. The mean age and SD of fist sexual initiation were 17.2 years old and 1.35 years, respectively. Factors associated with risky sexual behavior include respondents between the ages of 20 and 23 (AOR: 5, 95%, CI: 1.59–15.98), drinking alcohol (AOR: 2.48, 95% CI: 1.13–5.41), and having poor knowledge towards HIV/AIDS (AOR: 4.53, 95%, CI: 2.06–9.94). Conclusion . A large number of in-school youths are involved in risky sexual behaviors like early sexual initiation, having multiple sexual partners, inconsistence use of condom, and having sex with high risk partner (CSWs). Age of respondents, alcohol drinking, and poor knowledge towards HIV/AIDS were factors associated with risky sexual behavior. School and community based programs in reducing substance abuse among youths and increasing their knowledge towards HIV/AIDS are important.
... The initiation of substance use may be a direct or indirect cause of sexual initiation. Alternatively, substance use may precede sex because of an outside factor or process [15]. ...
... This result is similar to the findings of similar studies done in different setup [13,[31][32][33][34][35][36][37]. Studies showed that there is a strong association between khat chewing and alcohol consumption, and the combined use of both drugs had an amplifying effect on sexual risk behaviors that predispose to HIV and other STIs [13,15]. The association between cigarette and illicit substance use and risky sexual behavior disappears in the bivariate and multivariate analysis. ...
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Background: Substance use and problems arising from it are increasing all over the world, and currently together with HIV/AIDS epidemic, become one of the most threatening and challenging social and public health problems. College students are more vulnerable to wider sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS problems due to new environment with poor protection, age and the need to explore life, peer pressure and absence of proactive programs. Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of risky sexual behavior and its association with substance use among Bonga town public college students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 396 Bonga town public college students from March 2014 to April 2014 using stratified sampling technique and a self-administered questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the study population, prevalence, and to check the missing values, outliers, and inconsistencies. Logistic regressions to determine independent predictors of risky sexual behaviors and the p- value of 0.05 was used as cut off point for the presence of statistical significance. Results: Among 396 participants 72.7% reported having used at least one substance in their life time. Commonly used substances were: alcohol (51.3%) followed by khat (15.4%), cigarette (3.6%) and other illicit substances (2.5%). From total respondents 38.1% admitted having sexual experience. Among sexually experienced males 4.6% have had sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers and 4.6% had sexual intercourse with more than one person. Condom use rate was 64.9% but, its consistency was 58.3%. Sex, educational status, income and ever use of khat were statistically associated with risky sexual behavior with AOR (95%CI) of 4.5 (1.7, 12), 4.7 (1.6, 12.9), 3.7 (1.4, 10), 2.5 (1.1, 6.5) respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of substance use among Bonga college students was high. The study also showed that many of the students who were sexually active engaged in unsafe and risky sexual practices. Awareness rising about safer sex and consequences of substance use for college students is necessary measure that should be taken.
... In this regards, the finding of the present study shown a better knowledge in HIV prevention by abstinence and being faithfulness compared to the 2011 EDHS data and the study among students in Bale zone and is almost similar with study conducted in western part of Ethiopia. The variation could be as a result of the difference in time and the level of educational status [9,11,12]. ...
... The finding of this study on sexual intercourse for economic benefit of 44.2% is much higher than the findings of previous studies. The study in Bale zone among secondary school students reported that of those who had practiced sexual intercourse, 66 (25.6%) received money for sex and in the study among Addis Abeba university students, of those who had sex in the past 6 months, 15 (10.43%) of females mentioned that they had sex in exchange for money or gifts [11,17]. These significant differences may be explained for the school fee expected of the present study participants and the current rise in living costs that may force students to finding economic sources in expense of sexual exchange. ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: HIV/AIDS risky behavior remains a critical health concern for young women for multiple biological and socio-economic reasons. Hence, the objective of the study was to assess the level of risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among female students in private colleges in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among female private college students in Nekemte town between April and May, 2014. A total of 422 female students in private colleges were randomly selected for the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected data were cleaned and analyzed using SPSS version 16. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were done to identify predictors of risky sexual behaviors. Results: One hundred fifty six (38.4%) of the non-married (N=406) respondents had practiced sexual intercourse. Of these, 115(73.7%) were sexually active in the last 12 months. Of the total respondents who were sexually active in the last 12 months including the married one (N=131), 38(29%) reported that they had sexual intercourse with two or more partners. Among non-married females who were sexually active in the last 12 months (N=115), only 34(29.6%) reported to have used condom at their last sexual intercourse. Urban residence (AOR=2.4, 95% CI =1.3, 4.5), income deficit (AOR= 2.8, 95 % CI=1.5, 4.0), Income source (AOR=2.5, 95% CI=2.0, 9.0) and pornographic film viewing (AOR=10.7, 95 % CI=5.1, 22.5) were significantly associated with premarital sex. Level of study (AOR =2.0, 95% CI=1.3, 3.2), marital status AOR=2.8, 95% CI 1.8, 6.6), Living arrangement (AOR= 3.295% CI=1.3, 4.5, and pornographic viewing (AOR=2.0, 95% CI=1.1, 4.3 were significantly associated with multiple sexual partners. Similarly, condom use in the last sexual intercourse among nonmarried female students was significantly associated with level of study (AOR= 0.2, 95 % CI= 0 .1-0.9), Knowledge of HIV prevention by consistent use of condoms (AOR=2.9, 95%CI 1.0-8.0), pornographic viewing AOR= 2.7, 95 % CI =1.0, 7.6) and alcohol drinking (AOR=5.2, 95 % CI 3.2, 7.3). Conclusion: This study indicated that large proportions of students were engaged in risky sexual behaviors. Hence, Encouraging continuation of virginity as a cultural norm among those who have not experienced sexual intercourse and awareness creation
... A study conducted among Gondar Medical colleges students revealed 12 months period prevalence of reported STIs to be 7.8% (14). Another study conducted in Bale, Ethiopia, showed high one year period prevalence of STIs among sexually active high school students: 57% for genital discharge and 39.2% for genital ulcer (15). A study conducted in India among sex workers showed that there were higher incidences of STIs among the younger women (22). ...
... A study conducted on Sexual behavior and awareness among university students in china revealed similar evidence where 17.6% of males and 8.6% of females were sexually active (21). Another study conducted among students in Bale Ethiopia is consistent on risky sexual behaviors with these findings (15). In this study 52.6% of study subjects reported to have multiple sexual partners in their life and of the sexually active study subjects in the previous year before the survey, twenty five percent had reported to have sex with causal sexual partners, 13.9% had reported to have sex with commercial sex workers. ...
Article
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Abstract:- Background: sexually transmitted Infections represent a large burden of disease worldwide with an annual incidence of about 333 million cases. In Ethiopia, studies on Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youth are very few; therefore, conducting research on STIs in general and among youth in particular is an important input to design policy and strategy aimed at preventing and controlling the infections. Objectives: The objectives of the study were determining self reported prevalence of sexually transmitted Infections, and identifying factors associated with STIs among students of Wolaita Sodo University. Methodology: A cross sectional study design was employed among a total sample size of 447 students of Wolaita Sodo University from June to September 2011. Study subjects were selected using Stratified cluster sampling method. Data were collected using semi-structured pre-tested questionnaire. Self-reported Syndromic approach was used to measure sexually transmitted Infections status. Logistic regression was used to model Odds Ratio, OR (95%CI). Result: This study was conducted among 309 (69.1%) male and 138 (30.9%) female students with response rate of more than 100%. Most of the students, 294 (65.8%), were first year, 178 (39.8%) were orthodox Christian, 241 (53.9%) were from rural place of previous residence and 421 (95.7%) were currently accommodated in the university. Self reported STIs prevalence in the past 12 months prior to the survey was 19.5% among students. Out of the 158(35.3%) students who were sexually active: 46.0% used condom infrequently, 24.8% had sex with causal sexual partners and 13.9% had sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers. Among 103 who reported the most recent STI syndrome, 43 (41.7%) study subjects had not got treatments for the syndrome they had. Students who had sexual contact with commercial sex workers in the last 12 months were at increased odds of developing sexually transmitted infections (Adjusted OR=4.7,95%CI: 1.2, 8.6). Conclusion: High prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) was obtained among university students who had risky sexual behaviors. Students had unreasonably poor treatment seeking behavior. The following specific recommendations are forwarded: Launching of recreational facilities and sexual and reproductive health service, abstinence and condom promotion interventions. The university should design retention facilities for students to limit them from sexual contact with commercial sex workers. Moreover, further studies to explore the predictor variables are highly recommended
... Likewise, a study finding from Bahir Dar, Oromia and Benishangul regions found that personal desire (46,39%, 27%) and peer pressure (27, 23%, 16%) were the reasons reported for initiation of sexual intercourse respectively. 12,13,19 This signifies that the influence of adolescents' action in their sexual relationship depends on many factors that lead them to practice risky behavior. ...
Article
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p class="abstract"> Background: Risky sexual behavior increases the likelihood of adverse sexual and reproductive health consequences such as unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortion and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. Adolescent in Sub Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia are highly risky to various risky sexual behaviors. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude of risky sexual behavior Among High School and Preparatory School Students in Mizan town, Ethiopia. Methods: Schools based cross sectional study design were conducted from April 23 – 27, 2016 in high school and preparatory school students in Mizan town and the data will be collected through self-administered questionnaire. Total of 308 study subject were included in the study. Individuals were selected through simple random sampling techniques. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Results: A total of 308 study subjects were participated. About 204 (66%) of them were between the age of 16-18 years. The overall risk sexual behaviors of the respondents were about 158 (51.3%). Regarding to their sexual partner, about 20(18.87%) of them were had sex with commercial sex workers. Conclusions: A considerable number of students have practiced risky sexual behavior that might predispose them to different sexual and reproductive health problems. Risky sexual behaviors were proven by having sex under the influence of alcohol and khat, having multiple sexual partners, having sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers and low practice of utilization of condoms.</p
... In this study personal pressure (46%), peer pressure (27%), forced (10%), alcohol and chat influence (9%) and economic problem (9%) were the causes reported for the beginning of sexual practice. Likewise, a study finding from Oromia and Benishangul regions found that personal desire (39%, 27%) and peer pressure (23%, 16%) were the reasons reported for initiation of sexual intercourse respectively [17,13]. This signifies that the influence to adolescents' action in their sexual relationship depends on many factors that lead them to practice risky behavior. ...
Article
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. World Health Organization defines adolescent as the person between 10 and 19 years of age. Adolescents' sexual behavior threatens the physical, psychological, social health and well-being of this group. Therefore, assessing the sexual behavior of adolescent students is essential to evaluate vulnerability and this enables one take appropriate preventive measure. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the risky sexual behavior of school adolescents and responsible factors influencing their risky sexual behavior practices in Tana Haik Secondary and Preparatory School, Bahir Dar, Northern Ethiopia, 2016. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using questionnaire. A systematic random sampling was used to get the total sample size of 308 participants. A pre-tested, structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data and Data analysis was done using SPSS version 16.0 software packages. Result: Out of the study participants, 79 (26%) respondents were practiced sexual intercourse. Among the sexually active students 73% were not utilized condoms, 34% of them had more than one partner and 5% reported to have sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers. Personal pressure (46%), peer pressure (27%), forced (10%), alcohol and chat influence (9%) and economic problem (9%) were the reasons reported for the initiation of the first sexual practice. Fifty-nine (19%) of the study participants were developed risky sexual behaviors. Participants' educational level, marital status, parental marital status, living status, and alcohol consumption were predictor factors for the existence of different sexual behaviors. Conclusion: A considerable number of school adolescents had started sexual activity early and have practiced risky sexual behavior that might predispose them to different sexual and reproductive health problems. Delay in sex debut and reducing risky sexual behavior among adolescents can be achieved through well designed sexual education programs at the school.
... Among sexually active students, males are higher than females (66.45% versus 33.55%). It is consistent with large proportion of males who initiated premarital sex (72.1% versus 29.9%) (11).This may be due to the expectation of the society influence; females are expected to maintain their virginity up to marriage than males. So, females may under report their sexual experience and /or males are at higher risk of reproductive health problems. ...
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Background:Sexual activities among adolescents have been increasing worldwide. The risky, unprotected and non-voluntary nature of sexual activities of adolescents put them at higher reproductive health problems including HIV/AIDS. Objective:The aim of the study was to determine premarital sexual initiation and identify associated risk factors among Wukro preparatory and high school students, Eastern Tigray. Methods:Institution based cross sectional survey was conducted on April 30, 2010. Data were collected from 588 students using pretested, structured and self administered questionnaire selected by stratified cluster sampling method. Data were entered, cleaned and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Logistic regression model was used to identify predictors of premarital sexual initiation and to control confounders. Results:Three hundred ten (52.7%) males and 278(47.3%) females participated in the study. A quarter, 152(25.9%) of the participants had premarital sexual debut. Among them, 86 (56.57%) had used condom at the first sexual debut. Total correct and consistent condom use was reported in 50(58.1%) of the sexually active students who had used condom at the first sexual initiation. Age less than 18 years was protective factor for premarital sexual debut [AOR at 95%CI: 0.42(0.21, 0.86)]. However, substance abuse like alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking as well as peer pressure were risk factors for premari- tal sexual initiation. Conclusion:Both premarital and early sexual initiation was high but total correct and consistent condom utilization was low in relative terms. The need to strengthen age and gender based IEC/BCC services about reproductive health issues within the school environment has paramount importance (Ethiopian Journal of Reproductive Health , 2012,6(1): 64-69)
... This might be due to the fact that they had unprotected sex, a condom tears during intercourse, their sexual partner had STIs or their partner engaging in sex with other people. This finding is similar to the study done in Bale, Oromia Region (16). ...
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Substance use increases both the risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and other Sexually Transmitted Infections, either directly or indirectly. The association of substance use and Sexually Transmitted Infections has not yet studied in Southwestern Ethiopia. The main aim of this study is to determine the associations between substance use and Sexually Transmitted Infections on clients under follow up in Anti-Retroviral Treatment clinic at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. A cross-sectional study was conducted on clients under follow up at Anti-Retroviral Treatment clinic from June 10 to July 10, 2011 at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. Data collection was done using a pre-coded and pre-tested questionnaire. Trained Anti-Retroviral Treatment adherence counselors collected the data. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS for Windows version 16.0. Chi-square test was used to measure the levels of significance. P-value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Three hundred thirty eight Anti-Retroviral Treatment attendees participated in the study. Two hundred twenty (65.1%) of the study participants were females and their mean (±SD) age was 33.6 ± 8.04 years while 156 (46.2%) of them lied in the age group of 25-34 years. Clients who reported that they had Sexually Transmitted Infections were 120 (35.5%). Those who consumed alcohol were more likely to have contracted in Sexually Transmitted Infections: AOR (95% CI) =0.46 (0.26-0.80). Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections was comparable among females and males. Substance use, particularly alcohol consumption, found to be a potential risk factor for Sexually Transmitted Infections.
Article
A cross sectional, school-based survey using self administered anonymous questionnaire was conducted in Addis Ababa and Western Shoa among high school students to determine the prevalence, and reported outcomes of sexual violence. A total of 1401 female students were involved in the study. The prevalence of completed rape and attempted rape among female students was 5% and 10% respectively. The age range of completed rape was between 12-23 years and 61/72 (85%) of the rape victims were under 18 years of age. No significant linear trend was observed among the different age intervals (Chi Square for linear trend = 1.18; p-value = 0.27). Of the total respondents 78%, believed that rape was a major problem. Sexual harassment was reported in 74% of female students. Among the seventy two girls who reported to be raped 17(24%) had vaginal discharge and 12(17%) became pregnant. Social isolation, fear and phobia, hopelessness and suicide attempt were reported in 33%, 19%, 22%, 6% of rape victims, respectively. It is concluded that the prevalence of sexual violence among high school students is a serious problem and concern. Awareness creation to adolescents and the family need to be introduced and schools should also devise appropriate sex education regarding damaging effect of rape and educate youth on sexuality and responsible sexual decision making.