The attempted implementation of these ideas in Timor-Leste reinforces recognition that forming constructive international assistance for conflict affected states is not straightforward. The 2006 crisis in Timor-Leste which led, amongst other things, to the collapse of the police force, has generated another challenge for those who are involved in the country's nation-building. As at the end of 2007, 100,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) are living in camps in Dili or staying with relatives and friends in rural areas while struggling to find a quick solution to the problem of their resettlement. At the same time, 70% of the population resides outside the capital, seeking a path to poverty reduction. This situation deepens the recognition that security, politics and development aspects are inter- dependent, as a setback in one aspect reflects significantly on the outcome of the other two. There is no single, rigid method to tackle every case, due to the variety of conditions, political will and legitimacy that apply. It is now broadly recognised among aid workers that the framework of aid is shaped better with a wider understanding of political, economic, historical, social and cultural contexts. As Timor-Leste expresses its will to build partnerships with international actors for the future, this paper endeavours to focus attention on how the multiple dimensions of assistance flow affect national development. In this regard, the paper elaborates the dynamics of international assistance to Timor-Leste over the last eight years, attempting to identify trends, characteristics and lessons from past experience, which could be utilised for visualising the future direction.