SuperWIMP Cosmology and Collider Physicsa

Source: arXiv


Dark matter may be composed of superWIMPs, superweakly-interacting mas- sive particles produced in the late decays of other particles. We focus here on the well-motivated supersymmetric example of gravitino LSPs. Gravitino su- perWIMPs share several virtues with the well-known case of neutralino dark matter: they are present in the same supersymmetric frameworks (supergravity with R-parity conservation) and naturally have the desired relic density. In con- trast to neutralinos, however, gravitino superWIMPs are impossible to detect by conventional dark matter searches, may explain an existing discrepancy in Big Bang nucleosynthesis, predict observable distortions in the cosmic microwave background, and imply spectacular signals at future particle colliders.

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    ABSTRACT: If the cosmic dark matter consists of weakly-interacting massive particles, these particles should be produced in reactions at the next generation of high-energy accelerators. Measurements at these accelerators can then be used to determine the microscopic properties of the dark matter. From this, we can predict the cosmic density, the annihilation cross sections, and the cross sections relevant to direct detection. In this paper, we present studies in supersymmetry models with neutralino dark matter that give quantitative estimates of the accuracy that can be expected. We show that these are well matched to the requirements of anticipated astrophysical observations of dark matter. The capabilities of the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC) are expected to play a particularly important role in this study.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
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    ABSTRACT: We consider multi-messenger constraints on very heavy dark matter (VHDM) from recent Fermi gamma-ray and IceCube neutrino observations of isotropic background radiation. Fermi data on the diffuse gamma-ray background (DGB) shows a possible unexplained feature at very high energies (VHE), which we have called the ``VHE Excess" relative to expectations for an attenuated power law extrapolated from lower energies. We show that VHDM could explain this excess, and that neutrino observations will be an important tool for testing this scenario. More conservatively, we derive new constraints on the properties of VHDM for masses of 103–1010 GeV. These generic bounds follow from cosmic energy budget constraints for gamma rays and neutrinos that we developed elsewhere, based on detailed calculations of cosmic electromagnetic cascades and also neutrino detection rates. We show that combining both gamma-ray and neutrino data is essential for making the constraints on VHDM properties both strong and robust. In the lower mass range, our constraints on VHDM annihilation and decay are comparable to other results; however, our constraints continue to much higher masses, where they become relatively stronger.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics