A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records

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Abstract
The faunistic study on Meloidae conducted from 1970s up to 1996 based on the collection of over 4000 specimens and 147 species of 17 genera in two subfamilies are reported. Among them Alosimus reitterianus (Semenov), Coryna confluens Reiche, Mylabris cingulata Falderman, M. colligata Redtenbacher, M. furcimacula Sumakov, M. serana (Escherich), M. suturalis Pic, Meloe ganglbauery Apfelbeck, M. glazunovi Pliginskij, M. rufiventris Germar, M. scabriusculus Brand et Erichson, Apalus bipunctatus Germar, A. spectabilis Schaun, Stenoria analis Schaun and Zonitis nigriventris Motschulsky are new records for the Turkish fauna. Besides that Cerocoma scovitzi intermedia Maran, Lydus anatolicus Muche, L. gibbiger Escherich, Micromerus bitlisensis Kaszab, M. dersimensis Kaszab, M. semiobscurus (Pic), M. tauricus Maran, Mylabris ciliciensis (Escherich), M. concolor Marseul, Oenas armeniacus Kaszab, Lytta vesicatoria heydeni Haag-Rutenberg and Stenodera anatolica Frivaldszky are endemic species and subspecies in Turkey. Host plants of some of the species are recorded, in related to this, Micromerus erivanicus (Maran) is an important pest of flowers of Vicia spp. and Onobrychis sativa; Mylabris quadripunctata (F.) is also pest on soft grain of wheat. The triungulins of Meloe violaceus Mansham are found in the hives of honey bees in some villages of Oltu (Erzurum).
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera)
fauna of Turkey along with new records
Hikmet ÖZBEK
Atatürk Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü, Erzurum-TURKEY
Dezso SZALOKI
Eötvös Lorant University, Radnoti Miglos Teacher Training Scholl, H 1146 Budapest, Chazar Andras utca 10, HUNGARY
Received: 16.10.1996
Tr. J. of Zoology
22 (1998) 23-40
© TÜBİTAK
23
Abstract: The faunistic study on Meloidae conducted from 1970s up to 1996 based on the collection of over 4000 specimens and
147 species of 17 genera in two subfamilies are reported. Among them
Alosimus reitterianus
(Semenov),
Coryna confluens
Reiche,
Mylabris cingulata
Falderman,
M. colligata
Redtenbacher,
M. furcimacula
Sumakov,
M. serana
(Escherich),
M. suturalis
Pic,
Meloe
ganglbauery
Apfelbeck,
M. glazunovi
Pliginskij,
M. rufiventris
Germar,
M. scabriusculus
Brand et Erichson,
Apalus bipunctatus
Germar,
A. spectabilis
Schaun,
Stenoria analis
Schaun and
Zonitis nigriventris
Motschulsky are new records for the Turkish fauna.
Besides that
Cerocoma scovitzi intermedia
Maran,
Lydus anatolicus
Muche,
L. gibbiger
Escherich,
Micromerus bitlisensis
Kaszab,
M.
dersimensis
Kaszab,
M. semiobscurus
(Pic),
M. tauricus
Maran,
Mylabris ciliciensis
(Escherich),
M. concolor
Marseul,
Oenas
armeniacus
Kaszab,
Lytta vesicatoria heydeni
Haag-Rutenberg and
Stenodera anatolica
Frivaldszky are endemic species and
subspecies in Turkey. Host plants of some of the species are recorded, in related to this,
Micromerus erivanicus
(Maran) is an
important pest of flowers of
Vicia
spp. and
Onobrychis sativa
;
Mylabris quadripunctata
(F.) is also pest on soft grain of wheat. The
triungulins of
Meloe violaceus
Mansham are found in the hives of honey bees in some villages of Oltu (Erzurum).
Key Words: Meloidae, Coleoptera, Faunistic, Turkey
Türkiye’nin Meloidae (Coleoptera) Faunasına bir katkı ve bazı yeni kayıtlar
Özet: Türkiye’nin Meloidae faunasını saptamak amacıyla, 1970’li yıllardan 1996’ya kadar sürdürülen bu çalışmada, 4000’in üzerinde
örnek toplanmış ve iki altfamilya içerisinde, 17 cinse ait 147 türün varlığı belirlenmiştir. Bunlar arasında,
Alosimus reitterianus
(Semenov),
Coryna confluens
Reiche,
Mylabris cingulata
Faderman,
M. colligata
Redtenbacher,
M. furcimacula
Sumakov,
M. serana
(Escherich),
M. suturalis
Pic,
Meloe ganglbauery
Apfelbeck,
M. glazunovi
Pliginskij,
M. rufiventris
Germar,
M. scabriusculus
Brand et
Erichson,
Apalus bipunctatus
Germar,
A. spectabilis
Schaun,
Stenoria analis
Schaun ve
Zonitis nigriventris
Motschulsky Türkiye
faunası için yeni türlerdir. Diğer taraftan,
Cerocoma scovitzi intermedia
Maran,
Lydus anatolicus
Muche,
L. gibbiger
Escherich,
Micromerus bitlisensis
Kaszab,
M. dersimensis
Kaszab,
M. semiobscurus
(Pic),
M. tauricus
Maran,
Mylabris ciliciensis
(Escherich),
M.
concolor
Marseul,
Oenas armeniacus
Kaszab,
Lytta vesicatoria heydeni
Haag-Rutenberg ve
Stenodera anatolica
Frivaldszky ise
endemik tür ve alttürlerdir.
Birçok türün konukçuları saptandı.
Micromerus erivanicus
’un
Vicia
türleri ve korunganın önemli bir zararlısı olduğu belirlenirken,
Mylabris quadripunctata
(F.)’nın da buğday başaklarında yumuşak taneleri yediği gözlendi. Diğer taraftan,
Meloe vilaceus
Marsham’ın
triungulin’lerinin de Oltu (Erzurum)’da arı kovanlarına yoğun bir şekilde saldırdığı tespit edildi.
Anahtar Sözcükler: Meloidae, Coleoptera, Faunistik, Türkiye
Giriş
The family Meloidae is commonly known as oil or
blister beetles. They are generally medium to larga-sized
(3-35 mm), elongate, soft-bodied, elytra with soft and
flexible, pronotum narrower than either the head or the
elytra (1).
The Meloidae is one of the most interesting of all
Coleoptera families on account of the remarkable biology;
hypermetamorphic, that is, the first instar larva
(triungulin) is active and campodeiform, while the
subsequent larval stages are sedentary and
scarabaeiform. The larvae are semi-parasitic predators,
usually feeding either in the nests of bees on the larvae
and foodstores, or on the egg cases (oothecae) of
grasshoppers. Adult meloids are phytophagous, and
certain groups, on account of their moderate size and
swarming behaviour, can cause considerable damage to
crops by feeding on the foliage or flowerheads (2, 3, 4).
Thus, a species may often be beneficial to agriculture as
a larva, helping to control grasshopper populations, yet
be a pest as an adult. Some sepcies are considered
destructive, for their larvae feed on bee eggs and on the
food stored in the cells, and the adults feed on plants (5).
The Meloidae comprise approximately 120 genera
and 3000 species, which are widely distributed
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
throughout most regions of the world, especially
favouring warmer and drier climates (4).
The Meloidae fauna of Turkey has been studied by
foreign scientists, such as Bodemeyer (6), Ganglbauer
(7), Kaszab (8, 9, 10, 11, 12), Muche (13), Pardo
Alcaida (14) and Bologna (15). Particularly Kaszab
described many new species from various localities of
Turkey and provided keys to species and genera. As a
native scientist Öncüer (16) listed many species of
Meloidae occuring in Turkey mostly in western Anatolia in
his catalogue and indicated most of them as new records
for the Turkish fauna. However, all of them had been
already deported by Bologna (15).
Adults of many species of Meloidae are destructive
pests of a wide variety of ornamental flowers and
agricultural crops, including potato, tomato, various
leguminous plants, flax, pulses, okra, tabacco, sugarbeet,
onion, spinach, pumpkin, mango, citrus fruits and some
other crops in various countries (17, 18, 29, 20).
Bodenheimer (21), Nizamlıoğlu (22), Özer and Duran
(23), Özbek (24), Giray (25), and Yıldırım and Özbek
(26) reported some species of Meloidae as pests on
various cultivated plants in Turkey.
The Meloidae fauna of Turkey is not well known,
particularly eastern Anatolia, there are still large areas of
the country not well explored or not explored at all. The
aim of this study is to provide a data base for such an
important family whose members are agricultural pests
or have influence on the biological balance.
Material and Method
This study is based mostly on the material collected by
the first author, his colleagues and students throughout
the country including Thrace since the 1970s. Some of
the material was also collected by D. Szaloki and his
colleagues as indicated in the text. Identification of some
of the reference material was done by Z.
Kaszab(Hungary), M. A. Bologna (Italy) and D. Szaloki
(Hungary). The whole material by Özbek and his
colleagues is deposited in the Entomological Museum of
Agricultural Faculty, at Atatürk University, Erzurum,
Turkey. The number of examined specimens is given in
parenthesis. All taxa were given in alphabetical order
within the subfamilies.
Results and Discussion
In this study, 147 species of 17 genera belonged to
two subfamilies of Meloidae were reported.
LYTTINAE
Alosimus
Mulsant, 1857
Alosimus abeillei
Escherich, 1896
Material examined: 16.V.1987, Suluova (Amasya) (4),
(Leg. I. Rozner); 22.VII.1992 Tokat (1); 5.IX.1990,
Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2000 m (1).
Distrisution in Turkey: Çankırı and Amasya (15).
Distrisution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor,
Armenia (28).
Alosimus armeniacus
(Faldermann, 1837)
It is very common particularly in Erzurum, Bayburt,
Ardahan, Kars and Ağrı provinces above 1000 m.
Samples were also collected from the provinces of
Gümüşhane, Tokat, Diyarbakır, Ankara and Niğde, Özbek
(29) reported this species as pest of alfalfa flowers. It is
also observed feeding on Cardaria draba and Crambe
orientalis.
Distribution in Turkey: Siirt (12); Bolu, Ankara, Sinop
and Samsun (15).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Syria, Caucasus
(12); Greece (15).
Alosimus castaneus
Escherich, 1896
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır),
1400 m (1); 17.VI.1995, Dikyar, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1500 m (4); 9.VII.1995, University field (Erzurum),
1850 m (1); 12.VII.1995, Atlıkonak, ILıca (Erzurum),
1900 m (2).
Distribution in Turkey: Midyat (Mardin), Kurtalan
(Siirt) (12).
Distrisution in the world: Caucasus, Syria (28).
Alosimus chalybaeus (Tauscher, 1812)
Material examined: 21.VI.1990, Akhisar (Manisa) (1),
(Leg. Szekely); 8.V.1984, Aksu (Antalya) (2), (Leg. D.
Szaloki); 26.V.1989, Ulukışla (Niğde) 27), (Leg. D.
Podlussany); 9.VI.1996, Şelale, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1100 m (3); 23.VI.1983, Pozantı (Adana), 800 m (5),
(Leg. K. Gasko);p 16.VI. 1995, Gölbaşı Yaylası, Uzundere
(Erzurum), 2000 m, Onobrychis montana, O. sativa, (7);
17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu (Erzurum), 1700 m (4);
2.VII.1991, Antalya (1), 5.IX.1990, Turnalı, Şenkaya,
1600 m (7).
Distribution in Turkey: Birecik (Şanlıurfa) (12); Konya
(6); Edirne (11); İzmir, Manisa (15). Giray (25) indicated
as poppy pest in Uşak.
24
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); South Russia,
Ural, Caucasus, Asia Minor, The Balkan Peninsula,
Rumania (28).
Alosimus decolor
(Abeille de Perrin, 1880)
Material examined: 21.IV.1990, Bergama (İzmir) (2),
(Leg. A. Podlussany); 21.IV.1990, Akhisar (Manisa) (35),
(Leg. K. Szekely and A. Podlussany); 12.V.1993, Bornova
(İzmir) (1); 23.V.1984, Silivri (İstanbul) (10), (Leg. D.
Szaloki).
Distribution in Turkey; Edirne (11); Mardin (12);
Manisa, İzmir and Yozgat (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor,
Caucasus, Armenia, Greece, Turkey (28).
Alosimus gracilis (Abeille de Perrin, 1880)
Material examined: 27.V.1989, Sarıkavak (İçel) (1),
(Leg. A. Podlussany); 30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel),
1400 m (4), (Leg. K. Gasko); 5. VII. 1991, Termessos
(Antalya (1); 7.VII.1977, Silifke (İçel) (1); 5.IX.1990
Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum (2).
Distribution in Turkey: Tarsus (İçel) (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Syria, Asia
Minor, Caucasus, Armenia, Persia (28); Palestine (15).
Alsimus luteus (Waltl, 1838)
Material examined: 8.VI.1990, Karababa Köprüsü
(Adıyaman) (1), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 17.IV.1995, Silvan
(Diyarbakır), 1400 m (3); 3.VI.1989, Hozat (Tunceli),
1500 m (1); 5.VI.1996, Ceylanpınar (Şanlıurfa) (1).
Distrisution in Turkey: Diyarbakır, Siirt (12);
Diyarbakır (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Syria, Asia
Minor (28); Persia, Palestine (15).
Our study and literature knowledge show that, A.
luteus is present in south east Anatolia.
Alosimus marginicollis Haag-Rutenberg, 1880
Material examined: 17.V.1984, Göreme (Nevşehir)
(12), (Leg.D. Szaloki); 27.V.1981, Kütahya; 11.VI.1977,
Keskin (Ankara) (1), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 15.VII.1992,
Tokat (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) and Kaszab
(28) indicated this species presence in Turkey but no
locality.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor,
Mesopotamia (28).
Alosimus pallidicollis (Gyllenhal, 1806)
Material examined: 5.VI.1989, Hozat (Tunceli), 1600
m (1); 24-30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel) 1400 m (8),
(Leg. K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: Bingöl (12); Kovancılar
(Elazığ) (15).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Syria, Armenia
(28).
Alosimus reittedianus
(Semenov, 1990)
9.VI.1996, Şelale, Uzundere (Erzurum), 1100 m (7);
12.VI.1996, Serinkaya, Horasan (Erzurum), 1650 m (7);
16.VI.1995, Gölbaşı Yaylası, Uzundere (Erzurum), 1700
m (2); 16.VIII.1995, Karlı, Tortum (Erzurum), 2400 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Cacasus (28).
Alosimus smyrnensis
(Maran, 1942)
Material examined: It is very common in Aegean
Region of Turkey.
Distribution in Turkey: Bornova (İzmir) (12); İzmir,
Denizli and Kütahya (15). Giray (25) reported as poppy
pest in Uşak.
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Greece
(Parnassus), R hodes, (28); Persia (15).
Alosimus syriacus
(Linnaeus, 1764)
Material examined: 6.VII.1976, Niğde (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Konya (6); Birecik (Şanlıurfa)
(12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor,
Caucasus, South Russia, Rumania, the Balkan Pennisula,
the Carpthein Basin, Austria (28).
Cerocoma
Geoffroy, 1762
Cerocoma adamovichiana
(Piller et Mitterpacher,
1783)
Material examined: 18.VI.1986, Bandırma (Balıkesir )
(1), 10.VII.1996, Horasan (Erzurum), 1700 m (1)
Distribution in Turkey: Edirne (11).
Distribution in the world: Slovakia, Hungar y,
Dalmatia, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey (30).
This is the new record in Anatolia of Turkey.
Cerocoma dahli
Kraatz, 1863
Material examined: 3.IV.1990, Kabasakal (Adana) (2),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 8.IV.1990, Adıyaman (8), (Leg. D.
Szaloki); 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır) 1400 m (31);
25
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
15.V.1984, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (1), (Leg. D. Szaloki);
16.V.1984, Niğde (2), (Leg.D. Szaloki); 29.V.1995,
Çanakkale (2); 4.VI.1989, Ağrı Mt. (3), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 5. VI.1989, Karakurt (Kars) (5), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 7.VI.1989, Başköy (Erzincan) (1), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 9.VI.1996, Şelale, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1000 m,
Achillea biebersteinii, A. millefolium
(9);
12.VI.1996, Tortum (Erzurum), i650 m (3);
12.VI.1996, Pasinler (Erzurum), 1750 m,
A.
bieberstteinii
(4); 17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu (Erzurum),
1700 m (10) 19.VI.1996, Kurupınar, Oltu, 1300 m (1);
22.VI.1980, Pasinler, 1700 m (1); 22.VI.1996, Okçular,
Horasan (Erzurum), 1700 m,
A, biebersteinii
(2);
25.VI.1996, Keriçli, Tortum, 2300 m; 26.VI.1996,
Aşkale (Erzurum), 1700 m,
A. millefolium
(2);
27.VI.1996, Sarıkamış (Kars), 2150 m (1); 29.VI.1983,
Horasan, 1600 m (1); 6.VII.1991, Aşkale, 1700 m (1);
8.VII.1995, University field (Erzurum) 1850 m (3);
9.VII.1995, Universty field (Erzurum), 1850 m (1);
10.VII.1996, Horasan, 1700 m (1); 12.VII.1995,
Atlıkonak, Ilıca (Erzurum), 1700 m,
A. millefolium
(4);
2.VIII.1991, Tokat, 1000 m (1); 3.VIII.1996, Universty
field, 1850 m (4).
Distribution in Turkey: Osmaniye, Birecik (Şanlıurfa),
Kayseri, Elazığ, Niğde (12); Çorum, Gümüşhane and
Erzurum (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Syria, Asia
Minor, Caucasus, Rumania (12, 13).
Cerocoma ephesica
Reitter, 1885
Material examined: 5.VII.1995, Bayırbağ (Erzincan),
1400 m (5); 30.VII.1990, İspir (Erzurum), 1250 m (1);
5.VIII.1994, Alimpınarı (Antalya), 1000 m,
Mentha
longifolia
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bolu (11), Afyon (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Egypt, Persia,
Asia Minor, the Balkan Peninsula (31).
This species was first record from eastern Anatolia.
Cerocoma festiva
Faldermann, 1837
Material examined: 3-15.VII.1996, Universty field
(Erzurum), 1850 m (2); 7.VII.1996, Madenköprübaşı,
İspir (Erzurum), (2); 22.VII.1993, Ardı, Horasan
(Erzurum), 1600 m (2); 24.VII.1991, İspir, 1400 m (3);
24.VII.1996, Muş (1); 27.VII.1994, Turnalı, Şenkaya
(Erzurum), 1750 m (1); 30.VII.1990, İspir, 1300 m (1);
8-10.VIII.1995, Universty field (Erzurum), 1850 m (5);
10.VIII.1994, Büyükdere, Pasinler (Erzurum), 1940 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Tunceli (12).
Distribution in the world: Eastern Turkey;
Transcaucasus, Persia (31).
Cerocoma gloriosa
Mulsant, 1857
Material examined: 12.V.1984, Taurus Mt. (İçel) (4),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 9.VI.1977, Dalaman (Muğla) (1), (Leg.
A. Podlussany); 30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (2), (Leg.
K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: Osmaniye (12).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Caucasus, Syria
(30).
Cerocoma kunzei
Frivaldszky, 1835
Material examined: 10.V.1984, Gazipaşa and Güney
(Antalya) (4), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 18.VI.1994,
Madenköprübaşı, İspir (Erzurum), 1400 m,
Achillea
biebersteinii, A. millefolium
(2); 28.VI.1996, Tercan
(Erzincan), 1500 m (2).
Distribution in Turkey: Elazığ (12).
Distribution in the world: Syria, Asia Minor, Caucasus,
Persia, the Balkan Peninsula, Palestine (30).
Cerocoma muehlfeldi
Gyllenhal, 1817
Material examined: 24.VI.1996, Kuzulu Köyü
(Kırklareli), 500 m (43); 5.VII.1987, Tokat, 1100 m (1);
11.VII.1995, Horasan (Erzurum), 1700 m (1);
13.VII.1990, Torul (Gümüşhane), 800 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Elazığ, Bingöl, Tunceli (12);
Ankara, Manisa, Amasya and Kahramanmaraş (15).
Distribution in the world: Hungary, the Balkan
Peninsula, Asia Minor, Iraq (31); Persia, Transcaucasus,
South Russia, Cyprus (15).
Cerocoma schaefferi
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Material examined: 18.VI.1979, Oltu (Erzurum) (1);
19-21.VI.1983, Aladağ, Kızılcahamam (Ankara), 1400
m, (Leg. K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) indicated this
species presence in Turkey but no locality.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); South France,
Central Europe, Asia Minor, European part of Russia
(31).
Cerocoma schreberi
Fabricius, 1781
Material examined: 10.VI.1995, Çerkezköy
(Tekirdağ) (2); 24.VI.1996, Kuzul Köyü (Kırklareli), 500
m(16); 16.VII.1976, İnegöl (Bursa) (1); 18.VII.1990,
Antalya (1); 20.VII.1995, Çorlu (Tekirdağ (3).
Distribution in Turkey: Kahramanmaraş (12);
Adapazarı (15).
26
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Distribution in the world: Europe, South Russia,
Siberia (Tomsk), Asia Minor, Turkestan, Mongolia (31).
Cerocoma scovitzi intermedia
Maran, 1944
Material examined: 8.VI.1991, Erzincan, 1300 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Akşehir (Konya), Malatya,
Elazığ (12); Fevzipaşa (Gaziantep) (15).
Distribution in the world: Endemic subspecies in
Turkey
Cerocoma syriaca
Abeille de Perrin, 1880
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır),
1400 m (1); 28.VI.1996, Tercan (Erzincan), 1500 m (5);
23.VII.1984, Erzincan, 1300 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Siirt (12); İzmit and Yalova
(15).
Distribution in the world: Palestine (15); the Balkan
Peninsula, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Persia, Syria (30).
Coryna
Billberg, 1813 (sensu Bologna, 1978)
Coryna confluens
Recihe, 1865
Material examined: 5.VI.1992, Akseki (Antalya),
1200 m (1) (Leg. I. Rydh).
Distribution in Turkey: New for the Turkish fauna.
Distribution in the world: The Balkan Peninsula (27).
Coryna polymopha
(Pallas,1771)
Material examined: 24.VI.1994, Gündoğmuş
(Antalya), 600 m (1) (Leg. I. Rydh).
Distribution in Turkey: Edirne (11).
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, European part of
South Russia, Kazakhstan, South Europea, Syria, Asia
Minor, Algeria, South-West Siberia, Turkmenistan (32).
Coryna sexmaculata
(Olivier, 1811)
Materila examined: 12.VII.1977, Silifke (İçel), 50 m
(1); 22.VII.1990, Termessos (Antalya), 600 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Malatya and Adana (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey, Syria, Persia,
Caucasus, Central Asia, South Russia (15).
Lydus
Latreille, 1803
Lydus anatolicus
Muche, 1962
Material examined: 18.VII.1985, Yozgat, 1000 m,
Centaurea solstitialis
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Endemic species (13).
Lydus gibbiger
Escherich, 1896
Material examined: 29.V.1989, Aşağı Coplu
(Adıyaman) (1) (Leg. I. Rozner).
Distribution in Turkey: Cizre (Şırnak) (12).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor (9).
Lydus pilicollis
Fair maire, 1892
Material examined: 22.V.1992, Ceyhan (Adana) (1);
7.VI.1977, Alanya (Antalya (6), (Leg. A. Podlussany);
9.VI.1977, Dalaman (Muğla) (4), (Leg. A. Podlussany);
29.VI.1977, Silifke (İcel), 50 m (1); 30.VI.1983,
Çamlıyaşla (İçel) (9), (Leg. K. Gasko); 7.VII.1996,
Kızılbağ, Mersin (1); 11.VII.1996, Muş, (3).
Distribution in Turkey: Adana (15).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Syria (9).
Lydus trimaculatus
(Fabricius, 1787)
Material examined: 10.VI.1995, Çerkezköy
(Tekirdağ) (11); 15.VI.1995, Bilcek, 600 m (3);
15.VI.1989, Karacabey (Bursa) (16), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 15.VI.1989, Gündoğan (Balıkesir) (3), (Leg.
A. Podlussany); 23.VI.1983, Pozantı (Adana), 800 m (1),
(Leg. K. Gasko); 2.VII.1996, Keçiören (Ankara), 100 m,
(2); 5.VII.1992, Çine (Aydın); 10.VII.1996, Keşan
(Edirne), 50 m (18); 20.VII.1994, Beytepe (Ankara),
900 m (2); 22.VIII.1993, Ankara, 1000 m (2).
This species was first recorded form central and
southern Anatolia.
Distribution in Turkey: Bursa and Çanakkale (15).
Distribution in the world: Hungary, the Balkan
Peninsula, Rumania, Italy (9).
Lydus turcicus
Kaszab, 1952
Material examined: 2.VI.1983, Adana (1); 9.VI.1996,
Şelale, Uzundere (Erzurum), 1100 m (1); 17.VI.1996,
Sütkans, Oltu (Erzurum), 1700 m (1); 27.VI.1995,
University field (Erzurum), 1850 m (1); 28.VI.1996,
Tercan (Erzincan), 1500 m (1); 29.VI.1996, Uzundere
(Erzurum), 1100 m (1); 1-3.VII.1995, University field
(Erzurum), 1850 m (5); 6.VII.1995, Aşkale (Erzurum),
1700 m (3); 10.VII.1995, Köse (Gümüşhane) (1);
11.VII.1995, Horasan (Erzurum),
Onopordum
sp. (1);
20.VII.1994, Beytepe (Ankara), 900 m (2); 21.VII.1984,
Sandıklı, Kemaliye (Erzincan), (1); 22-23.VII.1989,
Kuzgunkıran Geçidi (Bitlis), 2300 m (4), (Leg. M.
Hreblay); 9.VIII.1994, Aşkale 1900 m (1); 22.VIII.1993,
Ankara, 1000 m (2).
Distribution in Turkey: Akşehir (Konya), Eskişehir,
malatya (9); Bolu Mts. (11); İzmit, Balıkesir, Manisa
Isparta, Konya and Elazığ (15).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor (9); Syria (15).
27
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
Lydus unicolor
Reitter, 1887
Material examined: 22.V.1992, Ceyhan (Adana),
Triticum
sp. (1); 3.VI.1996, Rabat, Pasinler (Erzurum),
2400 m (10); 9.VI.1996, Şelale, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1000 m (2); 24.VI.1990, Zorkun Yaylası (Osmaniye),
1200 m (1); 30.VI.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere, 1400 m (1);
1.VII.1991, Bahçeli (Erzincan) (2); 5.VII.1989,
Karagöbek (Erzurum), 2200 m,
Cephalaria alpina
(10);
7.VII.1996, İspir (Eruzurum), (4); 11.VII.1996, Muş,
1700 m (2); 15.VII.1996, Universty field (Erzurum),
1850 m (2); 17.VII.1996, Pasinler, 1600 m (10);
19.VII.1990, Karaçuha, Horasan (Erzurum), 1600 m
(6); 19.VII.1978, Erzurum, 1850 m,
Crambe orientalis
(5); 21.VII.1984, Sandıklı, Kemaliye (Erzincan) (9);
25.VII.1996, Turnalı Şenkaya (Erzurum), 1750 m (7);
26.VII.1983, Cevizli (Erzincan), 1300 m,
Arctium lappa
(11); 30.VII.1990, İspir (Erzurum), 1200 m (2);
6.VIII.1988, Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2200 m,
C.
alpina
(2); 1.IX.1978, Başaklı, Oltu (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Cirsium
sp. (2); 2.IX.1988, Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum),
2200 m,
C. alpina
(7).
C. alpina
is the most favourite
host plant of
L. unicolor
.
Distribution in Turkey: Bayburt (12); Artvin (15).
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, Armenia, Persia
(9); Turkey (12).
Micromerus
Mulsant et Rey, 1858
Micromerus bitlisensis
Kaszab, 1958
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır),
100 m (4); ?, Van Gölü, S.Ufer (1) (Leg. Petrovitz).
Distribution in Turkey: Bitlis, Van Gölü (33).
Distribution in the world: Endemic species in Turkey
Micromerus collaris
(Fabricius, 1787_
Material examined: 11.VI.1977, Keskin (Ankara) /(3),
(Leg. A. Podlussany); 11.VI.1992, İnegöl (Bursa) (4),
(Leg. Romsauer); 15.VI.1992, Yaraski Lake (Burdur) (1),
(Leg. L. Nemeth); 9.VII.1996, Susuz (Çankırı), 1200 m,
Vicia
sp. (13); 15.VII.1994, Manisa (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Burdur and Isparta (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Macedonia,
Greece, Bulgaria, North-West Turkey, South Russia,
North Caucasus (33).
Micromerus dersinemsis
Kaszab, 1968
Material examined: 15.VI.1994, Hazar Gölü (Elazığ)
(18), (Leg. K. Gasko); 18-19.VI.1994, Çamlıbel Geçidi
(Tokat), 1400 m (17), (Leg. K. Gasko); 19.VII.1989,
Hozat (Tunceli), 1500 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Tunceli, Bingöl-Karlıova Road
(12); Dayirbakır (15).
Distribution in the world: Endemic species in Turkey.
Micromerus erivanicus
(Maran, 1941)
It is a very common and high populated species in
Erzurum, Ağrı, Muş, Bingöl, Tunceli, Kars, Ardahan,
Erzincan, Bayburt and Gümüşhane provinces.
Vicia cracca
is the most favourite host plant, it feeds on other
Vicia
species as well including
V. sativa.
In some years it causes
important damage to flowers of
V. sativa
and prevents
seed setting. It is also a destructive pest on flowers of
Onobrychis sativa.
In some locations up to 12 speciens
were recorded per square meter on a sainfoin field. As a
matter of fact, Özbek (24) reported
M. erivanicus
as
sainfoin pest in the vicinity of Erzurum. Adults appear in
June and are active until the end of September.
Distribution in Turkey: Kağızman (Kars) (34);
Erzurum (24).
Distribution in the world: Armenia (Erevan,
Eczmiadzin), Turkey (34).
Micromerus semiobscurus
(Pic, 1898)
Material examined: 23.IV.1990, Gürün (Sivas) (1),
(Leg. Herczig et Ronkay); 15.VII.1994, Kemalpaşa
(İzmir) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Tokat (33, 35).
Distribution in the world: It is an endemic species in
Turkey.
Micromerus strebai
(Maran, 1940)
Material examined: 14.V.1984, Ulaş (İçel) (4), (Leg.
D. Szaloki); 30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel), 1400 m (1),
(Leg. K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: Bulgar Mt., Ceyhan (adana)
(36), Hatay (12).
Distribution in the world: North Syria, Turkey (33).
Micromerus tauricus
(Maran, 1940)
Material examined: 8.V.1984, Aksu (Antalya) (1),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 7.VI.1987, Tauros Mts. 1250 m (1),
(Leg. I. Björergen).
Distribution in Turkey: Type locality is Taurus Mts.
(Antalya-Mersin).
Distribution in the world: It is an endemic species in
Turkey.
Mylabris
Fabricius, 1775
Mylabris apicenigra
Sumacov, 1924
28
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Material examined: 29.V.1989, Nemrut (Adıyaman),
1000 m (2), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 10.VI.1977, Göreme
(Nevşehir) (1), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 29.VI.1990,
Pehlivanlı, Tortum (Erzurum), 1100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bingöl, Tunceli (12).
Distribution in the world: Persia (Luristan) (32).
Mylabris bimaculata
Klug, 1845
Material examined: 12.VI.1993, Silifke (İçel) (1);
24.VII.1993, Silifke (İçel) (1); 20.VIII.1973, Harput
(Elazığ) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (11).
Distribution in the world: Persia, Syria, Asia Minor,
Caucasus (11).
Mylabris calida
(Pallas, 1784)
Material examined: 23.VI.1983, Pozantı (Adana) (1),
(Leg. K. Gasko); 25.VI.1989, Truva (Çanakkale) (2),
(Leg. M. Medvegy); 26.VI.1987, Aralık (Iğdır) 1000 m
(17); 30.VII.1990 Gölcük, Kocaeli (5); 14.VIII.1991,
Demirkent, Yusufeli (Artvin) (1); 20.IX.1994, Tuzla
(İstanbul), 50 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bolu (11); Edirne, Çanakkale,
Bilecik, Manisa, İzmir, Eskişehir and Konya (15).
Distribution in the world: South Kazakhstan,
Afghanistan, Central Asia, Caucasus, Persia, Syria, Asia
Minor, the Balkan Peninsula, North Africa (32).
Mylabris ciliciensis
(Escherich, 1899)
Material examined: 24.VI.1987, Iğdır, 1100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Niğde (12); Diyarbakır (15).
Distribution in the world: It is an endemic species in
Turkey.
Mylabris cincta
Olivier
,
1811
Material examined: 17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1700 m (12); 24.VI.1993, Zorkun Yaylası
(Osmaniye) (1); 25.VI.1991 Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum),
2000 m (1); 27.VI.1975, Kayseri (4); 27.VI.1996,
İşhan, Yusufeli (Artvin), 800 m (20); 28.VI.1996, Tercan
(Erzincan), 1500 m (1); 28.VI.1996, Aşkale (Erzurum),
1700 m,
Vicia
sp. (44); 3.VI.1987, İzmir, 1400 m (3),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 4.VII.1994 Yusufeli (Artvin), 500 m
(25); 5.VII.1995, Anzav, Oltu (Erzurum) 1000 m (2);
8.VII.1995, Oltu 1200 m (4); 7.VII.1996, Maden
Köprübaşı, İspir (Erzurum), 1500 m (6); 8.VII.1995,
Kaledibi, Tortum (Erzurum), 1500 m (11); 9.VII.1987,
Başaklı, oltu (Erzurum), 1700 m (1); 9.VII.1991,
Termessos (Antalya), 600 m,
Centaurea solstitialis
(7);
13.VII.1990, Aşvalı, Oltu, 1000 m (1); 14.VII.1996,
Çamlıbel, Oltu, 1750 m (7); 15.VII.1984, Ilıç (Erzincan),
1200 m (1); 24.VII.1991, İspir, 1300 m (1);
25.VII.1996, Turnalı, Şenkaya, 1800 m (2);
27.VII.1992, Taşlıköy, Olur (Erzurum), 1100 m,
C.
polydiformis
(1); 28.VII.1990, Tortumkale, Tortum
(Erzurum), 1400 m,
C. virgata
(1); 28.VII.1996,
Karakalan, Oltu, 1200 m (4); 30.VII.1996, Dİkyar,
Uzundere (Erzurum), 1450 m,
Cichorum intybus
(18);
28.VIII.1996, Karakaban, Oltu, 1500 m (2).
Distribution in Turkey: Bolu (11); Bingöl, Elazığ,
kayseri (12); Manisa, Muğla, İzmir, Isparta, Antalya,
Adana, Van, Tunceli and Erzurum (15).
The literature and our records show that
M. cincta
is
a common species in Turkey.
Distribution in the world: Turkey, Afghanistan (27);
Caucasus, Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan,
North Africa (32).
Mylabris cingulata
Faldermann, 1837
Material examined: 25.VI.1996, Delice (Ankara) 800
m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Transcaucasus, syria,
Arabia, Persia (32).
Distribution in the world: South Persia (32).
Mylabris concolor
Marseul, 1870
Material examined: 2.VII.1988, Hozat (Tunceli) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Ereğli (Konya) (12); Elazığ
(15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27) (Endemic in
Turkey).
Mylabris crocata
(Pallas, 1781)
Material examined: 5.V.1984, Pamukkale (Denizli)
(26), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 9.VI.1986, Yeşilhisar (Niğde),
1400 m (1); 23.VI.1983, Pozantı (Adana), 800 m (2),
Leg. K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: Nevşehir, Elazığ (12); Manisa,
İzmir, Afyon and Eskişehir (15).
Distribution in the world: South Russia, Kazakhstan,
Central Asia, Mongolia, Asia Minor, Persia, Syria, Spain,
Germany, Hungary, the Balkan Peninsula (32).
Mylabris emiliae
(Escherich, 1899)
Material examined: 12.VII.1979, Erzurum (1);
14.VII.1970, Erzurum 1850 m (1); 1.VII.1979,
Erzurum, 1850 m (3).
29
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
Distribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) did not
indicate the location.
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Syria, Caucasus
(27).
Mylabris externepunctata
Faldermann, 1832
Material examined: 18.VI.1994, İspir (Erzurum),
1100 m (4); 1.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum) 2300 m
(10); 2.VII.1996, Tortum (Erzurum), 1600 m (1);
9.VII.1996, Universty field (Erzurum), 1850 m (4);
12.VII.1994, Ortabahçe, Aşkale (Erzurum) (1);
13.VII.1989, Kireçlidağı, Narman (Erzurum), 2400 m
(7); 6.VIII.1988, Turnalı Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2000 m
(8); 5.VIII.1991, Ahırcık, Ilıca (Erzurum), 2300 m (1);
10.VIII.1994, Dikyar, Uzundere (Erzurum), 1500 m (2);
24.VIII.1988, Kargapazarı (Erzurum), 2800 m (1);
2.IX.1988, Turnalı, Şenkaya, 2000 m (4).
Distribution in Turkey: East Anatolia (32)
Distribution in the world: Transcaucasus, Persia,
Azerbaijan, Eastern Anatolia (32).
Mylabris fabricii
Sumakov, 1924
Material examined: It is a widespread species
throughout the country from the coastal region up to
3000 m. It has high population in the localities where
Calliptamus italicus
makes outbreaks in meadow areas of
Erzurum and Kars.
Chondrilla wuncea, Cichorium
intybus, Centaurea polydiformis, C. virgata, Cirsium
sp.,
Onobrychis sativa, Melilotus officinalis, Tragopogon
sp.
were recorded as host plant.
Distribution in Turkey: Muş, Elazığ, Bingöl, Ereğli
(Konya), Niğde (12); Eskişehir, İzmir, Ankara, Adana,
Artvin, Mardin, Bayburt, ERzincan, Tunceli,
Kahramanmaraş (15).
Distribution in the world: European part of South
Russia, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Uzbekistan, Persia,
Turkey, Greece, Spain, South France, Italy (32).
Mylabris festiva
(Pallas, 1773)
Material examined: 25.VII.1977, Erzincan, 1300 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bingöl (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); The Balkan
Peninsula, Anatolia, European part of South Russia,
Kazakhstan, Altaj, Siberia, Jest Mongolia (32).
Mylabris formosa
Welman, 1910
Material examined: 12.VII.1973, Yalova (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Kuzin (32) indicated the
presence of this species in Thrace but no locality.
Distribution in the world: The Balkan Peninsula (32).
Mylabris furcimacula
Suimakov, 1915
Material examined: 29.VI.1983, Dumludağı
(Erzurum), 2400 m,
Taraxacum officinale
(5);
1.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (10);
26.VII.1992, Süngübayır, Olur (Erzurum), 2000 m (2);
5.VIII.1991, Ahırcık, Ilıca (Erzurum), 2300 m (8);
24.VIII.1988, Kargapazarı Mts. (Erzurum), 2200 m (6).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Transcaucasus (15).
Mylabris fusca
(Olivier, 1811)
Material examined: 8.IV.1990, Karababa Köprüsü
(Adıyaman) (3), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 17.IV.1995, Silvan
(Diyarbakır), 1600 m (2); 28.V.1987, Eskişehir (3), (Leg.
I. Rozsner); 29.V.1989, Nemrut (Adıyaman), 1000 m
(15), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 15.VI.1994, Başaklı, OLtu
(Erzurum) (1); 15.VI.1996, Büyükgeçit, Aşkale
(Erzurum), 1700 m (5); 17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1700 m (7); 17.VI.1995, Silfvan
(Diyarbakır), 1400 m (7); 18.VI.1994, Pazaryolu
(Erzurum), 1200 m (1); 20.VI.1994, University field
(Erzurum), 1850 m,
Cichorium intybus
(5); 29.VI.1977,
Silifke (içel), 150 m (1); 29.VI.1990, Pehlivanlı, Tortum
(Erzurum) (5); 1-9.VII.1995, Universty field (Erzurum),
1850 m,
Onobrychis sativa
(9); 4.VII.1990, ANtakya (1);
9.VII.1996, Muş (2); 15.VII.1985, Erzurum, (2);
15.VII.1996, Büyükgeçit, Aşkale (Erzurum), 1750 m (2);
21.VII.1971, Muş,
Centaurea iberica
(5); 21.VII.1984,
Sandıklı, Kemaliye (Erzincan), 1700 m (8); 22.VII.1994,
Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (1); 10.VIII.1996,
Akçadağ (Malatya (1); 11.VIII.1994, Dereboğazı
(Erzurum), 2000 m,
C. intybus
(2).
Distribution in Turkey: Adana, Diyarbakır, Mardin,
Siirt, Hakkari, Muş, Elazığ, Bingöl, Tunceli, Ereğli
(Konya), Artvin, Manisa, İzmir, Aydın and Muğla (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); South Russia,
Central Asia, Kopet-Dag, Trancaucasus, North Persia,
Syria, Asia Minor (32).
Literature knowledge and our recordes reveal that
M.
fusca
is a widespread species in Turkey.
Mylabris geminata
Fabricius, 1798
Material examined: 15.VI.1994, Başaklı, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1500 m,
Tragopogon
sp. (2); 20.VI.1994,
Universty field (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Cichorium intybus
(3); 27.VI. 1996, Sarıkamış (Kars), 2150 m (1);
30
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
28.VI.1996, AKsu (Erzurum), 1650 m (8); 29.VI.1996,
Uzundere (Erzurum), 1400 m (1); 1.VII.1996,
Palandöken (Erzurum), 2400 m (5); 2.VII.1983, Pasinler
(Erzurum), (1); 7.VII.1994, Ferhatlı, Ardanuç (Artvin),
650 m (1); 6.VII.1995, Aşkale (Erzurum), (1);
9.VII.1995-96, Universty field (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Chondrilla juncea, Centaurea solstitialis
(6); 11.VII.1995,
Horasan (Erzurum) (1); 13.VII.1983, 20.VII.1983,
21.VII.1971, Muş,
C. iberica, C. solstitialis
(8);
13.VII.1983, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (1);
25.VII.1983, Pasinler (Erzurum) (29); 26.VII.1983,
Cevizli (Erzincan), 1300 m,
Arctium lappa
(2);
18.VIII.1996, 2150 m (1); 24.VIII.1988, Kargapazarı
Mts. (Erzurum), 2800 m (1); 3.IX.1979, Erzurum,
C.
intybus
(2); 28.IX.1995, Rize, (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Niğde, Ankara (15).
Distribution in the world: South Europe, Eurpean part
of South Russia (32). M. geminata was first recorded
from eastern and north eastern Anatolia.
Mylabris humerosa
(Escherich, 1899)
Material examined: 22-24.IV.1990, Bergama (İzmir)
(2), (Leg. J. Muskovits); 19.V.1991, Termessos (Antalya)
(1), (Leg. Kirschenhofer); 30.VI.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere
(Erzurum), 1400 m (1); 20.VII.1983, Başaklı, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1700 m
Cichorium intybus
(2); 11.VII.1996,
Dikyar, Uzunder, 1400 m (1).
Distribution in TUrkey: Mardin, Tunceli, Muş, Elazığ,
Bingöl, Hakkari (12).
Distribution in the world: Transcaucasus,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Greece, Asia Minor, Syria
(32).
This species was first recorded from western and
southern Turkey.
Mylabris laevicollis
Marseul, 1870
Material examined: 25.VI.1987, Iğdır, 1000 m (1);
1.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum) (9); 5.VII.1996,
ARtvin, 800 m, (4); 9.VII.1996, University field
(Erzurum), 1850 m (1); 25.VII.1996, Turnalı, Şenkaya
(Erzurum), 1750 m, (5); 18.VIII.1996, Sarıkamış (Kars)
(10).
Dİstribution in Turkey: Bursa (15).
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, Transcaucasus,
Transcaspian Region, Greece, Asia Minor (32).
This species was first recorded from eastern and
north eastern part of the country.
Mylabris olivieri
Billberg, 1813
Material examined: 8.VI.1977, Anamur (İçel) (6), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 12-23.VI.1994, Akseki (Antalya), 1200 m
(2), (Leg. I. Rydh); 28.VI.1996, Tercan (Erzincan), 1500
m (1); 5.VII.1995, Ballıköy (Erzincan), 1400 m (4);
6.VII.1995, Aşkale (Erzurum), 1700 m (1); 7.VII.1994,
Akarsu, Ardanuç (Artvin), 700 m (7); 8.VII.1967,
8.VII.1983, 8.VII.1995 Erzurum (3); 9.VII.1980,
Kağızman (Kars), 1400 m; 9.VII.1996, Tosya
(Kastamonu), 650 m (5); 10.VII.1995, University field
(Erzurum), 1850 m,
Cichorium intybus
(3); 11.VII.1996,
Alaca, Ilıca (Erzurum), 1750 m,
Chondrilla juncea
, (4);
13.VII.1979, Akdağ (Erzurum), 2100 m,
Cirsium
arvense
(1); 15.VII.1996, University field, 1850 m (1);
18.VII.1967, Erzurum, 2200 m,
Melilotus officinalis
(2);
20.VII.1983, Başaklı, Oltu (Erzurum), 1600 m,
C.
intybus
(1); 21.VII.1971, Muş,
Centaurea solstitialis
(5);
28?VII.1990, Erzurum (1); 31.VII.1979, Erzurum,
1850 m (1); 9.VII.1989, Erzurum, 1850 m (1);
11.VIII.1994 Çat (Erzurum), 2000 m (1); 10.VIII.1994,
Büyükdere, Pasinler (Erzurum), 1950 m,
C. polydiformis
(4); 29.VIII.1967, Erzurum, 1850 m,
C. virgata
(2).
Distribution in Turkey: Ankara (11); Bilecik, Eskişehir,
Konya, Ankara, ELazığ, Malatya, Bayburt (15).
Distribution in the world: European part of Russia,
Central Asia, Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Asia Minor (32);
Transcaspian Region, Persia (15); Kazakhstan, tajikistan
(37).
Literature knowledge and this study show that
M.
olivieri
is a common and high-populated species in Turkey.
Mylabris pusilla
Olivier, 1811
Material examined: 18.VI.1994, İspir Geçidi
(Erzurum), 2100 m (1); 29.VI.1991, Gavurdağı
(Erzurum) 2500 m (1); 30.VI.1989, Narman (Erzurum),
1750 m (1); 17.VII.1981, Selim (Kars), 2100 m,
Cirsium
sp. (2); 26.VII.1992, Süngübayır, Olur (Erzurum), 2100
m (1); 3.VIII.1995, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (1);
24.VIII.1988, Kargapazarı Mts. (Erzurum), 2800 m,
Taraxacum officinale
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Kars and Ardahan (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (15); European part
of Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Kirgizia, Uzbekistan,
Caucasus, Syria (32).
Literature knowledge and our records show that this
species has been found only in eastern Anatolia so far.
Mylabris quadripunctata
(Linnaeus, 1767)
It is a common speicies throughout the country, from
the coastal region up to 2500 m. Particularly in eastern
Anatolia the population is higher.
Cichorium intybus,
31
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
Carduus
spp.,
Cirsium
sp.,
Centaurea iberica, C.
solstitialis wuncea, Onopordum
spp.,
Tragopogon
sp.,
Taraxacum
sp.,
Triticum vulgare, Medicago sativa
and
Onobrychis sativa
are important host plants. It feeds on
flowers of wheat, barley and rye as well as some grasses.
It is remarquable that occacionally it is found feeding on
soft grain. In some cases half of the head is eaten. The
damage done by this species on head of wheat resembles
that caused by
Anisoplia
spp. (Scarabaeidae). On the
other hand, Özer and Duran (23) reported this species as
pest of alfalfa and sainfoin in Central Anatolia.
Distribution in Turkey: Edirne, Ankara (11); Mardin,
Malatya, Tunceli, Erzincan, Kayseri, Konya,
Kahramanmaraş, Hatay, Antalya (12); Edirne, Tekirdağ,
İstanbul, Adapazarı, Bilecik, Çanakkale, Manisa, İzmir,
Muğla, Eskişehir, Isparta, Konya, Ankara, Yozgat, Sinop,
Ordu, Tunceli, Erzurum, Artvin, Niğde, Adana, Şanlıurfa
(15).
Dİstribution in the world: European part of Russia,
South Europe, Turkey, Persia, Caucasus, Central Asia,
Afghanistan, Mongolia (32).
Mylabris scabiosae
(Olivier, 1811)
Material examined: It is a widespread species
throughout the country. However its population is higher
in Erzurum, Erzincan, Ankara, Ağrı, Kars, Ardahan, Muş,
Van and Bitlis provinces than the rest of the country. It
has been recorded from 500 m up to 2800 m. As host
plant; flowers of
Allium carinatum, A. fallax, Anchusa
spp.,
Arctotis
sp.,
Arthemisia
spp.,
Mentha longifolia,
Carduus
spp.,
Centaurea argentea, Cb polydiformis, C.
scabiosa, C. solstitialis, C. virgata, Cephalaria alpina,
Cichorium intybus, Cirsium
spp.,
Crambe orientalis,
Onopordum
spp.,
Medicago sativa, Onobrychis montana,
O. sativa, Taraxacum officinale, Tragopogon
sp. and
Verbascum
spp. were recorded. It is remarquable that the
population of
C. scabiosae
is quite high at the localities
where
Calliptamus italicus
L. (Orthoptera, Acrididae)
makes outbreaks in eastern Anatolia.
Bodenheimer (21) recorded this species as poppy pest
in Malatya, Özer and Duran (23) reported it as alfalfa and
sainfoin pest in Central Anatolia.
Distribution in Turkey: Tarsus (İçel) (12); Bilecik,
Çanakkale, Manisa, Eskişehir, Konya, Ankara and Malatya
(15).
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, European part of
South Russia, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, the Balkan
Peninsula, Asia Minor, Syria, Mesopotamia, Persia (32).
Mylabris serana
(Escherich, 1897)
Material examined: 17.IV. 1983, Başaklı, Oytu
(Erzurum), 1600 m.
Salix
sp. (1); 8.VI.1983, Erzurum,
1850 m (4); 1.VI.1966, Erzurum (2), 21.VII.1971, Muş,
Centaurea iberica
(3); 26.VII.1983, Cevizli (Erzincan),
1300 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Armenia (32).
Mylabris sinuata Klug, 1845
Material examined: 16.VI.1991, Tokat, 1000 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Kahramanmaraş (15).
Distribution in the world: Syria, Cyprus, Libya, Turkey
(15).
Mylabris suturalis
Pic, 1898
Material examined: 6.VIb 1974, Bingöl, 2100 m (10).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Syria (38).
Mylabris syriaca
Klug, 1845
Material examined: 31.V.1989, Siirt (7), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 8.VI.1977, Aydıncık (İçel) (32), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (2), (Leg. K.
Gasko; 2.VII,1996, Kızılbağ (İçel) (4); 7.VII.1996,
Manavgat (Antalya) (1); 9.VII.1991, Termessos
(Antalya), 950 m (3); 9.VII.1983, Bağtepe, Kozan
(Adana) (4); 12.VII.1996, Çamlık, Bucak (Burdur) (1);
15.VII.1996, Senirkent (Isparta) (1); 15.VII.1996, Muş,
1700 m (4); 9.VIII.1991, Osmaniye (1); 30.VII.1996,
Manavgat (8).
Distribuiton in Turkey: Hatay (12); Muğla, Antalya
and Mersin (15).
Distribution in the world: Eastern Persia, Syria, Asia
Minor, Greece, Egypt, Nubia (32).
Literature knowledge and this study rereveal that this
species is generally distributed in Mediterrenean region, it
is first recorded in eastern Anatolia.
Mylabris variabilis
(Pallas, 1782)
Material examined: 10.VI.1995, Çenkezköy
(Tekirdağ) (15); 12.VI. 1994, Gündoğmuş (Antalya) 600
m (1), (Leg. O. Nodmar); 13.VI.1983, Korudağ, Keşan
(Edirne) (3), (Leg. K. Gasko); 15.VI.1989, Keşan
(Edirne) (2), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 15.VI.1989,
Karacabey (Bursa) (1); 15.VI.1989, Ulukır (Balıkesir) (6),
(Leg. A. Podlussany); 17.VI.1994, Akşehir (Konya) (1),
(Leg. O. Nodmar); 23.VI.1994, Akşehir (3), (Leg. I.
32
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Rydh); 10.VI.1995, Çenkezköy, 200 m (28);
17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu (Erzurum), 1700 m (20);
21.VI.1995, Demiröz, Digor (Kars), 1850 m (6);
24.VI.1990, Zorkun Yaylası (Osmaniye), 1300 m (2);
25.VI.1991, Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2100 m (2);
27.VI.1993, Tortum (Erzurum), 1500 m,
Melilotus
officinalis
(1); 27.VI.1996, Sarıkamış (Kars), 2150 m,
Chicorium intybus
(12); 29.VI.1989, Turnalı, Şenkaya,
Cephalaria alpina
(2); 29.VI.1996, Şavşat (Artvin), 1000
m (2); 30.VI.1992, Millipark, Davutlar (Aydın), 50 m (3);
30.VI.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere (Erzurum) 1400 m (1);
1.VII.1996, Artvin, 450 m (9); 5.VII.1995, Ballıköy
(Erzincan), 1400 m (2); 5.VII.1996, Manavgat (Antalya),
150 m (5); 7.VII.1994, Akarsu, Ardanuç (Artvin) (1);
10.VII.1994, Büyükdere, Pasinler (Erzurum), 1950 m
(1); 10.VII.1996, Keşan, 50 m (2); 11.VII.1996, Kızılbağ
(İçel), (1); 11.VII.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1400 m (1); 16.VII.1993, Serik (Antalya),
Cirsium
sp.
(2); 19.VII.1996, Manavgat (Antalya) (5); 20.VII.1995,
Saray (Tekirdağ) (16); 20.VII.1995, Çorlu (Tekirdağ)
(14); 21.VII.1971, Muş, 1600 m,
Centaurea solstitialis
(2); Başaklı, Oltu (Erzurum), 1600 m,
Tragopogon
sp.
(11); 25.VII.1996, Turnalı, Şenkaya, 1750 m (15);
4.VIII.1983, Laloğlu, Selim (Kars), 2200 m (1),
Cirsium
arvense;
6.VIII.1988, Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2000
m (9); 8.VIII.1995, Kireçli, Tortum (Erzurum),
Cirsium
sp. (2); 9.VIIIb1987, Başaklı, Oltu,
Cirsium
sp.,
Carduus
sp (11); 10.VIII.1995, University field (Erzurum), 1850
m
Onobrychis sativa
(1); 11.VIII.1983, Sarıkamış (Kars),
2100 m,
C. intybus, O. sativa
(5); 14.VIII.1996, Ayaş
(Ankara), (2); 25.VIII.1996, Muş, 1600 m,
Chondrilla
juncea,
(5); 27.VIII.1993, Tortum (Erzurum) (1);
23.VIII.1996, Aşkale (Erzurum), 1750 m,
Mentha
sp.
(86); 2.IX.1988, Turnalı, Şenkaya, 2000 m (9);
5.IX.1990 ve 6.IX.1994 Turnalı, Şenkaya,
C. alpina
(4);
12.IX.1981, Başaklı, Oltu, 1600 m,
Tragopogon
sp. (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Edirne (11); Ereğli (Konya),
Tunceli, İstanbul (12); Kocaeli, Balıkesir, Bursa,
Çanakkale, Çankırı and Adana (15).
Özer and Duran (23) reported it as alfalfa and sainfoin
pest in Central Anatolia.
The literature and our records show that
M. variabilis
is a common and high populated species in the country.
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, Transcaucasus,
South and Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, north Africa,
Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan (32).
Mylabris zebraea
(Marseul, 1870)
Material examined: 29.V.1989, Nemrut (Adıyaman),
1000 m (6), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 6.VI.1989, Erzurum
(1), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 12.VI.1989, Midas (Eskişehir)
(1), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 13.VI.1989, Kırka (Eskişehir)
(3) (Leg. A. Podlussany); 13.VI.1989, Termessos
(Antalya) (1), (Leg. I. Rydh); 16.VI.1994, Üzümlü
(Erzincan), 1300 m (4); 25.VI.1996, Çamlıdere Geçidi
(Ankara), 1300 m (5); 28.VI.1996, Aşkale (Erzurum),
1900 m (4); 28.VI.1996, Tercan (Erzincan), 1500 m (2);
1.VII.1996, Alaca, Ilıca (Erzurum), 1700 m (8);
1.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2000 m (2);
5.VII.1995, Ballıköy (Erzincan) 1400 m (5); 6.VIIb1996,
Aşkale, 1750 m (2); 8.VII.1979, Erzurum, 1850 m (1);
11.VII.1996, Horasan (Erzurum), 1600 m (3);
17.VII.1996, Sütkans, Oltu (Erzurum), 1700 m (2);
18.VII.1979, Palandöken, 2000-2300 m (15);
18.VII.1979, University field (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Triticum
sp.(2); 13.VII.1994, Palandöken, 2200 m (1);
20.VII.1983, Başaklı, Oltu (Erzurum), 1600 m,
Tragopogon
sp. (1); 20.VII.1994, Beytepe, Ankara, 950
m
Echinops orientalis
(1); 21.VII.1984, Sandıklı,
Kemaliye (Erzincan), 1200 m (1); 27.VII.1996, İshan,
Yusufeli (Artvin), 800 m,
Chondrilla juncea
(2);
3.VIII.1981, Uzunahmet (Erzurum) 1900 m (5);
6.VIII.1996, Palandöken, 2200 m (2); 8.VIII.1983,
Erzurum) (1); 8.VIII.1995, Kireçli Mt., Tortum
(Erzurum), 2300 m (1); 10.VIII.1994 Büyükdere,
Pasinler, 1950 m,
Crambe orientalis
(1); 20.VII.1992,
Süngübayır, Olur (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Achillea
millefolium
(1); 2.IX.1994 Pazaryolu (Erzurum),
Centaurea solstitialis
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bingöl, Tunceli, Hatay (12);
Çanakkale, İzmir, Denizli, Afyon, Muğla, Eskişehir, Konya,
Ankara, Yozgat, Çorum, Bayburt, Gaziantep and Mardin
(15).
The literature and our records reveal that
C. zebraea
is a widespread species in Turkey.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Greece,
Central Asia, (15); Transcaucasus, North Persia,
Mesopotamia (32).
Oenas
Latrieille, 1802
Oenas armeniacus
Kaszab, 1951
Material examined: 8.VII.1996, Muş, 1600 m (1);
11.VII.1995, Horasan (Erzurum), 1600 m,
Daucus
psedorientalis
(2).
Dİstribution in Turkey: Erzurum (39).
Distribution in the world: It is an endemic species in
Turkey and type locality is Erzurum.
Oenas crassicornis
(Illiger, 1800)
Material examined: 22.V.1992, Ceyhan (Adana) (1);
33
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
7.VI.1994 Bornova (İzmir) (1); 17.VI.1996, Pazaryolu
(Erzurum), 2500 m (9); 18.VI.1994, Madenköprübaşı,
İspir (Erzurum), 1100 m (7); 20.VI.1994, University
field (Erzurum), 1850 m (1); 28.VI.1996, Tercan
(Erzincan), 1500 m (35); 7.VII.1996, Palandöken
(Erzurum), 2400 m (2); 7.VII.1996, Pazaryolu
(Erzurum), 1500 m (2); 7.VII.1996, Madenköprübaşı,
İspir (Erzurum), (14); 8.VII.1996, Muş, 1700 m (3);
19.VII.1996, Keşan (Edirne), 50 m,
Eryngium campestre
(5); 19.VII.1996, Çamlık, Burdur, (4); 20.VII.1994,
Beytepe, Ankara, 950 m (1); 2.VII.1983, Adana (14);
22.VII.1992, Karaköy (Samsun) (2); 29.VII.1994,
Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 1700 m (2); 16.VIII.1996,
Karlı, Tortum (Erzurum) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: İzmit, Bilecik, Bursa, Isparta,
Manisa, İzmir, Kırıkkale and Yozgat (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Carpathian
Basin, Dalmatia, Rumania, the Balkan Peninsula, Asia
Minor (39).
This species was first recorded from eastern Anatolia.
Oenas tarsensis
Abeille de Perrin, 1880
Material examined: 2.VII.1983, Adana, 100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Adana, Tokat, Tarsus (39).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor
(39).
Oenas tenuicornis
Abeille de Perrin, 1880
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır),
1400 m (1); 6.VII.1995, Aşkale (Erzurum) (1);
8.VII.1995, Oltu (Erzurum), 1300 m (2); 11.VII.1995,
Horasan (Erzurum), 1600 m,
Daucus pseudorientalis
(11); 27.VII.1990, Coşkunlar, Olur (Erzurum), 1150 m,
Melilotus officinalis
(2); 16.VIII.1995, Karlı, Tortum
(Erzurum), 2400 m,
Cephalaria alpina
(3).
Dİstribution in Turkey: Ceyhan (Adana) (39).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Armenia
(Erevan), Asia Minor, Syria (39).
Epicauta
Redtenbacher, 1845
Epicauta erythrocephala
(Pallas, 1776)
Material examined: 25.VI.1986, Bahçeli (Erzincan),
1350 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Edirne (11).
Distribution in the world: Bulgaria, Asia Mİnor,
Transcaucasus, South Russia (10).
Lytta
Fabricius, 1787
Lytta vesicatoria freudei
Kaszab, 1958
Material examined: 6.VI.1981, Erzurum, 1850 m (1);
9.VI.1984, Derekapı, Tortum (Erzurum), 1300 m (7);
25.VI.1980, Akdağ (Erzurum), 2100 m,
Cephalamia
alpina
(14); 25.VI.1996, Kireçli Mt., Tortum (Erzurum),
2000 m (11); 30.VI.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere (Erzurum),
1600 m (5); 1.VII.1990, Alaybey (Erzurum), 1900 m
(1); 2.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (7);
11.VII.1996, Dikyar, Uzundere, 1500 m (5);
8.VIII.1995, Rabat, Pasinler (Erzurum), 2200 m,
C.
alpina
(6); 5.IX.1990, Turnalı, Şenkaya (Erzurum), 2200
m,
C. alpina
(22).
Distribution in Turkey: It is not known clearly.
Distribution in the world: Caucasus (40).
Lytta vesicatoria heydeni
Haag-Rutenberg, 1880
Material examined: 8.VII.1992, Tokat (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) indicated the
presence of this subspecies in Turkey but no locality.
Dİstribution in the world: Asia Minor (27) (Endemic in
Turkey).
Teratolytta
Semen, 1894
Teratolytta dives
(Brulle, 1832)
Material examined: 4.IV.1990, Adana (5), (Leg. D.
Szaloki); 21.IV.1990, Marmara Gölü (Manisa) (1), (Leg.
D. Szaloki); 21.IV.1990, Kınık (izmir) (1), (Leg. A.
Podlussany; 24.IV.1990, Küçükkuyu (Balıkesir) (1), (Leg.
A. Podlussany; 26.IV.1990, Kavak (Çanakkale) (1), (Leg.
J. Muskovits); 13.V.1984, Tauros Mts, Aladağ (içel) (37),
Cytisus
(Leg. D. Szaloki).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); The Balkan
Peninsula, Asia Minor, Persia (40).
Meloe
Linnaeus, 1758
Meloe autumnalis
Olivier, 1792
Material examined: 23.VII.1975, Ardahan, 2000 m
(1).
Dİstribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) indicated the
presence of this species in Turkey but no locality.
Distribution in the world: Europe, Algeria, Turkey
(27).
Meloe brevicollis
Panzer, 1793
Material examined: 20.VI.1972, Ardahan, 2000 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Pripisnova (37) indicated the
presence of this species in Turkey but no locality.
34
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Distribution in the world: Central Europe, Aisa Minor,
Turkestan, European part of Russia, Kazakhstan, Central
Asia, North Africa, Mongolia, Tajikistan (37).
Meloe cavensis
Petagna, 1819
Material examined: 21.VIII.1994, Antalya (1).
Distribution in Turkey: It is not known clearly.
Distribution in the world: South Europe (27).
Meloe cicatricosus
Leach, 1815
Material examined: 9.IV.1990, Silvan (Diyarbakır) (1),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 6.V.1991, Pınarbaşı (Kayseri (1), (Leg.
I. Retezar); 21.VII.1979 Yusufeli (Artvin), 600 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bilecik (15).
Distribution in the world: England (27); Central and
South Europe, Turkey, Persia, Caucasus, Central Asia,
Afganistan, South Russia (15).
Meloe deflexus
Reitter, 1889
Material examined: 7.IV.1990, Narince (Adıyaman)
under stones (1); 8.IV.1990, Karababa Bridge
(Adıyaman) under stones (4), (Leg. D. Szaloki).
Dİstribution in Turkey: Amanus Mt., Topboğazı
(Hatay) (12).
Distribution in the world: Syria (27), Turkey (41).
Meloe erythrocnemus
Pallas, 1782
Material examined: 18.IV.1990, Çiçek Mt. (Konya (1),
(Leg. J. Muskovits); 24.V.1987, Sandal (Sivas) (2), (Leg.
I. Rozner); 2.VII.1994, Beytepe, Ankara, 900 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Borchmann (27) and
Pripisnova (37) indicated presence of this species in
Turkey but no locality.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27) South Eastern
Europe, Persia, Afghanistan, European part of South
Russia, North Africa, Krim Peninsula, Kazakhistan,
Tajikistan, Asia Minor, Turkestan, South Siberia (37).
Meloe ganglbaueri
Apfelbeck, 1907
Material examined: 18.VII.1993, Serik (Antalya) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Montenegro (27).
Meloe glazunovi
Pliginskij, 1910
Material examined: 14.VII.1979, Ardahan, 21000 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Krım Peninsula, Afganistan,
Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkmenistan, European part
of South Russia, Persia (37).
Meloe hungarus
Schrank, 1776
Material examined: 18.VIII.1978, Ankara (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Eskişehir (15). Giray (25)
reported it as poppy pest in Uşak.
Distribution in the world: South and Central Europe,
Turkey, Palestine (15), South Russia (27).
Meloe mediterraneus
Müller, 1925
Material examined: 9.IV.1990, Silvan (Diyarbakır)
under stones (8); 10.IV.1990, Basur (Bitlis) under stones
(2); 11.IV.1990, Yeniköşk and Gedikbuk (Van) under
stones (14); 12.IV.1990, Savican (Ağrı) (27);
13.IV.1990, Aşkale and Erzurum under stones (8);
14.IV.1990, Eskikeslik (Erzincan) under stones (1), (Leg.
D. Szaloki, all of the material); 19.V.1987, Aluçra
(Gümüşhane) (1), (Leg. I. Rozner); 19.VII.1990 Serik
(Antalya (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Asia Minor (42).
Distribution in the world: Sicily, Dalmatia, Istria,
Hungary (42).
Meloe olivieri
Chevrolat, 1833
Material examined: 13.V.1987, İzzettin (Kırıkkkale)
(2), (Leg. I. Rozner); 27.VII.1982, ERzincan (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Eskişehir (15).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Persia, Syria
(27).
Meloe proscarabaeus
Linnaeus, 1758
Material examined: 10.IV.1990, Küçüksu (Bitlis) (2);
12.IV.1990, Sarıcan (Ağrı) (1); 14.IV.1990, Eskikeslik
(Erzincan) (1); 15.IV.1990, Göreme (Nevşehir) (2), (Leg.
D. Szaloki); 18.IV.1990, Çiçek Mt. (Konya) (1), (Leg. J.
Muskovits); 26.IV.1990, Kavak (Çanakkale) (14), (Leg.
A. Podlusssany and J. Muskovits); 17.IV.1995, Silvan
(Diyarbakır), 1400 m (1); 6.V.1991, Pınarbaşı (Kayseri)
(2), (Leg. I. Retezar); 15.V.1970, Muş, 1850 m (2);
7.V.1974, Ardahan, 2000 m (1); 17.V.1984, Göreme
(Nevşehir) (1), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 18.V.1984, Keskin
(Ankara) (1), (Leg. D. Szaloki); 24.V.1994, Dikyar,
Uzundere (Erzurum), 1100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bolu and Çankırı (15).
Distribution in the world: South and Central Europe,
Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhistan, Asia Minor, Russia,
Syria, Siberia, Turkestan, North Africa (37).
35
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
Meloe rufiventris
Germar, 1817
Material examined: 17.VII.1987 Erzincan, 1300 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: France, Eastern Europe,
South Russia, Caucasus (42).
Meloe rugosus
Marsham, 1802
Material examined: 15.VII.1978, Ankara, 1000 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bilecik and Bolu (15).
Distribution in the world: Central and South Europe,
Caucasus, Algeria, Turkestan (27), South Russia (15).
Meloe scabriusculus
Brandt et Erichson, 1832
Material examined: 10.VII.1989, Horasan (Erzurum),
1600 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Sicily (27), Central and
South Europe, South Russia, Caucasus, Turkestan (42).
Meloe tuccius
Rossi, 1792
Material examined: 18.IV.1990, Yunuslar (Konya) (1),
(Leg. K. Szekely); 21.IV.1990, Kınık (İzmir) (1), (Leg. K.
Szekely); 6.V.1991, Pınarbaşı (Kayseri) (3), (Leg. I.
Retezar); 11.V.1973, Horasan (Erzurum), 1700 m
Salix
sp. (1); 13.V.1987, İzzettin (Kırıkkale) (2), (Leg. I.
Rozner).
Distribution in Turkey: Turkey (27) (no locality), Aisa
Minor (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27), South Europe,
Asia Minor, Caucasus, Turkestan, Kazakhstan,
Afghanistan, Austria, Hungaria, Canary Islands (15).
Meloe varigatus
Donovan, 1776
Material examined: 10.IV.1990, Küçüksu (Bitlis) (1),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 10.IV.1995, Kahramanmaraş (1); 23-
24.IV.1990, Bergama (İzmir) (5), (Leg. J. Muskovits and
A. Podlussany); 17.VII.1992, Madenköprübaşı, İspir
(Erzurum), 1400 m (1); 1.VIII.1979, Oltu Erzurum (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Nizamlıoğlu (22) reported this
species as sugarbeet pest. Eskişehir (15).
Distribution in the world: Europe, Eastern
Mediterranean, North Palearctic except Siberia (42).
Meloe violaceus
Marsham, 1802
Material examined: 12.IV.1990, Eleşkirt (Ağrı), (1),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 30.VI.1996, Çam Geçidi (Artvin), 2450
m 51); 4.VII.1996, Ovit Pass (Rize), 2600 m (1);
8.VII.1984, Oltu (Erzurum), 1300 m (2); 17.VII.1992,
Madenköprübaşı, İspir (Erzurum) (1).
An outbreak of
M. violaceus
occured in 1984 in some
villages of Oltu (Erzurum) which is a good beekeeping
area. The triungulins were found in the hives of honey
bees. A high level of infection was observed in some
apiaries.
Distribution in Turkey: (?)
Distribution in the world: Palaearctic (42).
NEMOGNATHİNAE
Apalus
Fabricus, 1775
Apalus bipunctutas
Germar, 1817
Material examined: 12.VII.1994, Artvin, 400 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Central and Eastern Europe
(43), Caucasus, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan (37).
Apalus necydalaeus
(Pallas, 1782)
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır)
(1); 5.VII.1973, Erzurum, 1900 m (1); 9.VII.1995
University field (Erzurum), 1850 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Asia Minor (43).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor, Hungary,
Greece, Caucasus, Turkestan,Siberia (43).
Apalus spectabilis
Schaun, 1859
Material examined: 17.VI.1976, Çanakkale (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Hungary, Greece,
Macedonia (43).
Euzonitis
Semenov, 1893
Euzonitis fluvipennis
(Fabricius, 1792)
Materiel examined: 26.VIII.2077, Ardahan, 2000 m
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bochmann (27) indicated the
presence of this species in Turkey but no locality.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27), Hungary, Asia
Minor, South Russia (43).
Euzonitis quadrimaculata
(Pallas, 1782)
Material examined: 28.VI.1996, Anzer, Rize, 2000 m
(1); 8.VII.1996, Taşova (Amasya), 300 m (1);
17.VIII.1991, Erzurum, (1); 21.VIII.1986, Sarıkamış
36
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
(Kars), 2100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey:İçel (12); AnkaraandIsparta(15).
Distribution in the world: South Europe, Central
Europe, Central Asia, South Russia, Mongolia, Asia Minor,
Cyprus, Persia (15).
Euzonitis rubida
(Menetries, 1832)
Material examined: 25.V.1988, Termessos (Antalya),
600 m (1), (Leg. I. Rydh); 26.V.1989, Ulukışla (Niğde)
(1), (Leg. A. Podlussany); 9.VI.1996, Şelale, Uzundere
(Erzurum), 1100 m (5); 17.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1700 m (7); 20.VI.1994,
University field (Erzurum), 1850 m,
Centaurea
carduiformis
(9); 23.VI.1989, Pozantı (Adana) 800 m
(1), (leg. K. Gasko); 25.VI.1996, Anzer (Rize), 2200 m
(1); 9.VII.1995, University field, 1850 m (1);
23.VII.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum), 2400 m (1);
30.VII.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (21), (Leg. K. Gasko);
30.VIII.1994, Pazaryolu (Erzurum), 1400 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27), Caucasus, Asia
Minor, Transcaspi, Greece (43).
This species was first recorded from eastern and
north eastern Anatolia.
Euzonitis sexmaculata
(Olivier, 1790)
Material examined: 3.VII.1989, Yozgat,
Centaurea
solstitialis
(1); 8.VII.1996, Taşova (Amasya), 300 m (4).
Distribution in Turkey: Ankara and Samsun (15).
Dİstribution in the world: Turkey (27), South Europe,
Asia Minor, Syria, North Africa (43), Tajikistan (37).
Nemognatha
Illiger, 1807
Nemognatha chrysomelira
(Fabricius, 1775)
Material examined: 23.VI.1994, Yarpuz (Adana) (1),
(Leg. D. Nodmar); 4.VII.1994, Kınalıçam, Yusufeli
(Artvin), 800 m (2); 6.VII.1994, Demirkent, Yusufeli
(Artvin), 450 m (1); 9.VII.1996, Osmancık (Çorum), 450
m,
Echinops orientalis
(28); 15.VII.1995, Bilecik, 600 m
(7); 20.VII.1994, Beytepe (Ankara), 950 m,
E. orientalis
(6); 25.VII.1996, Manavgat (Antalya), (2); 1-
3.VIII.1994, Enzincan, 1300 m (4).
Distribution in Turkey: Bilecik, Kütahya and Isparta
(15).
Distribution in the world: South Europe, the Balkan
Peninsula, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Turkestan (43),
Tajikistan (37).
Stenodera
Eschscholtz, 1818
Stenodera anatolica
Frivaldszky, 1884
Material examined: 17-25.V.1988, Yarpuz (Antalya)
(2), (Leg. I. Rydh); 31.V.1987, Mersin (1), (Leg. I.
Rozner); 8.VII.1991, Erzincan, 1300 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Tokat (27); Adana (12).
Distribution in the world: Asia Minor (43) Endemic
species).
Stenodera caucasica
(Pallas, 1781)
Material examined: 17.IV.1995, Silvan (Diyarbakır),
1400 m (9); 14.VI.1970, Erzurum, (1); 15.VI.1994,
Başaklı, OLtu (Erzurum), 1600 m (5); 15.VI.1995,
Bilecik, 600 m (1); 18.VI.1994, Madenköprübaşı, İspir
(Erzurum), 1200 m (3); 25.VI.1996, Sütkans, Oltu
(Erzurum), 1700 m (1); 28.VI.1996, Tercan (Erzincan),
1500 m,
Euphorbia
sp. (15); 29.VI.1990, Pehlivanlı,
Tortum (Erzurum), 1200 m (2); 11-13.VI.1989, Kırka
and Kaymaz (Eskişehir) (3), (Leg. A. Porlussany and I.
Rozner); 24.VI.1993, Zorkun Yaylası (Osmaniye), 1100
m (1); 5.VII.1994, Altıparmak, Yusufeli (Artvin), 1600 m
(3); 9.VII.1996, Susuz (Çankırı), 1200 m (1);
11.VII.1986, Erzurum, (1); 13.VII.2968, Erzurum, (1);
13.VII.1990, Yeşilyayla (Erzurum) (1); 22.VII.1994,
Palandöken (Erzurum), 2200 m (3); 26.VII.1994, Akşar,
Şenkaya (Erzurum) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Hakkari (12); Sinop and
Kütahya (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Caucasus, Asia
Minor, Siberia (43), The Balkan Peninsula, Syria,
Palestine, Persia (15).
Stenodera coeruleiceps
Fairmaire, 1892
Material examined: 19.IV.1990, Isparta (2), (Leg. A.
Podlussany); 15.V.1984, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (5), (Leg. D.
Szaloki).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (12); Syria (Akbes)
(43).
Stenodera puncticollis (Chevrolat, 1829)
Material examined: 3.IV.1990, Kabasakal (Adana) (8),
(Leg. D. Szaloki); 8,IV.1990, Karababa Köprüsü
(Adıyaman) (10), (Leg. D. Szaloki).
Distribution in Turkey: Escherich (43) and Borchmann
(27) indicated the presence of this species in Turkey but
no locality.
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27), South Turkey,
Syria (43).
Stenoria
Mulsant, 1857
37
A contribution to the knowledge of the Meloidae (Coleoptera) fauna of Turkey along with new records
Stenoria analis
Schaun, 1859
Material examined: 2.VI.1994, Kemalpaşa, Hopa
(Artvin), (1); 2.IX.1994, Sugören, Hopa (artvin) (2).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: South Europe, Persia (43).
Zonitis
Fabricius, 1775
Zonitis gibbicollis
Abeille, 1880
Material examined: 30.VI.1983, Çamlıyayla (İçel) (1),
(Leg. K. Gasko).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (12).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Asia Minor,
Greece (43).
Zonitis immaculata
(Olivier, 1790)
Material examined: 26.VI.1996, Büyükincesu
(Çorum) 800 m (1); 8.VII.1996, Taşova (Amasya) 300 m
(1); 18.VII.1994, Beytepe, Ankara 950 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: İçel (12); Kızılören (Konya)
(15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Spain, Italy,
Greece, Asia Minor (43).
Zonitis nana
Ragusa, 1882
Material examined: 5.VII.1990, Turnalı, Şenkaya
(Erzurum), 2000 m
Cephalaria alpina
(1).
Distribution in Turkey: Konya (12); Çankırı (15).
Distribution in the world: Turkey (27); Hungary,
South France, Italy, Greece, the Balkan Peninsula, Asia
Minor, Palestine, Syria, Austria, Czecho-Slovakia (15).
Zonitis nigriventris
Motschulsky, 1845
Material examined: 12.VI.1981, Iğdır 1100 m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: New record for the Turkish
fauna.
Distribution in the world: Caucasus, Armenia (43).
Zonitis praeusta
Fabricius, 1792
Material examined: 7.VI.1977, Alanya (Antalya) (1),
(Leg. Podlussany); 7.VI.1996, Palandöken (Erzurum),
2200 m (1); 11-13.VI.2996, Rabat, Pasinler (Erzurum),
2400 m,
Chephalaria alpina
(4); 28.VI.1996 Tercan
(Erzincan) 1500 m (2); 5.VII.1995, Anzavderesi, Oltu
(Erzurum), 800 m (1); 8.VII.1996, Destek (Samsun),
600 m,
Dipsacus lacihiatus
(2); 11.VII.1990, Kargapazarı
Mts. (Erzurum), 2300 m (1); 14.VII.1996, Çamlıbel,
Oltu, 1700 m (1); 3.VIII.1995, Palandöken (Erzurum)
2200 m (1); 5.VIII.1994, Aliminpınarı (Antalya), 1000
m,
Mentha longifolia
(6); 8.VIII.1995, Palandöken, 2200
m (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Bolu and Eskişehir (15).
Distribution in the world: South Europe, Syria, Persia,
Turkestan, Asia Minor, Algeria (43).
Zonitis ruficollis
Frivaldszky, 1877
Material examined: 29.VII.1993, Serik (Antalya) (1).
Distribution in Turkey: Mardin (12).
Distribution in the world: Algeria, Asia Minor, Syria
(43).
The species that have been already recorded in
Turkey, have not been encountered in this study are listed
below:
Lydus europaeus
Escherich, 1897: Köyceğiz (Muğla)
(12).
Lydus humeralis
Gyllenhal, 1817: Turkey (27)
Lydus tarsalis
cerastes Abeille de Perrin, 1880:
Mardin (12)
Lydus tenuitarsis
Albeille de Perrin, 1880: Bingöl (12)
Micromerus obenbergeri
Kaszab, 1958: Konya-
Kayseri (33)
Oenas afra
Linnaeus, 1767: Turkey (27)
Cerocoma bodemeyeri
Reitter, 1913: Eskihir (30)
Cerocoma macedonica
Maran, 1944: Gümüldür
(İzmir), Çanakkale (30)
Cerocoma malatyensis
Kaszab, 1941: Siirt (12)
Cerocoma scovitzi
Faldermann, 1837: Turkey (27)
Cerocoma turcica
Pardo Alcaida, 1977: Turkey (30)
Mylabris decempunctata
Fabricius, 1781: Turkey (27)
Mylabris decore
E. Frivaldszky, 1835: Turkey (27)
Mylabris flavipennis
Motsch., 1872: Turkey (27)
Mylabris floralis
Pallas, 1827: Turkey (27)
Mylabris ledereri
Marseul, 1870: Turkey (27)
Mylabris munda
Escherich, 1897: Turkey (27)
Mylabris pentheri
Ganglbauer, 1905: Turkey (27)
Mylabris sericea
Pallas, 1782: Turkey (27)
Mylabris steppensis
Dokht., 1890: Turkey (27)
Calydus escherichi
Reitter, 1898: Turkey (27)
Teratolytta kulzeri
Kaszab, 1958: Van (12)
Teratolytta vanensis
Kaszab, 1968: Van (12)
38
H. ÖZBEK, D. SZALOKI
Meloe bodemeyeri
Gangbauer, 1900: Turkey (27)
Meloe conicicollis
Reitter, 1907: Turkey (27), Fethiye
(Muğla) (12)
Meloe sericellus
Reiche, 1857: Turkey (27)
Apalus apicalis
Latreille, 1804: Turkey (27)
Apalus bimaculatus
Linnaeus, 1761: Turkey (27)
Apalus montanus
Escherich, 1897: Turkey (27),
Niğde (12)
Stenodera oculifera
Abeille de Perrin, 1880: Turkey
(27)
Euzonitis auricoma
Escherich, 1891: Turkey (27)
Euzonitis bifasciata
Swarts, 1808: Turkey (27)
Zonitis microcephala
Escherich, 1889: Turkey (27)
This study and letirature knowledge show that 147
Melodiae species have been recorded for the time being in
Turkey. Of 15 species are new records for the Turkish
fauna, for many species new localities and host plants are
found. Some of them are widespread over the country
and have high population, others are moderate and rare
species.
It is remarquable that more than 20 species were
recorded about 70 years ago, but after a prolonged
search they have not been found so far. Collection may
not be adequate, but main factors are changes of
landscape, destruction and modification of habitats.
Unfortunately man has destroyed most of the natural
habitat in Turkey by his intervention in the landscape for
the sake of agriculture, forestry, industry, recreation and
urban development. But some are still left, especially in
the higher regions of the Anatolia. However, in the most
of the meadow area overgrazing is one of the most
scrious threats. It brings about impoverishment of
diversty for both flora and fauna, soil erosion, and finally
lead to ecosystem desertification. The results of
overgrazing are more and more evident nowadays
especially in eastern Anatolia. Forest fires and burning
cereal residue left in the field after harvist are also
important elements in destruction and loss of habitats in
Turkey.
Acknowledgements
We would like to thank Mr. I. Björergen, Mr. K.
Gıasko, Mr. Herczig et Ronkay, Mr. M. Hreblay, Mr.
Kirschenhofer, Mr. M. Medvegy, mr. J. Muskovits, Mr. L.
Nemeth, Mr. O. Nodmar, Mr. Petrovits, Mr. A. Podlussany,
Mr. I. Retezar, Mr. Romsauer, Mr. I. Rozner, Mr. I. Rydh,
and Mr. K. Szekely for making their specimens and
records from Turkey available for this study. We are also
extremely grateful to Dr. Şaban Güçlü, Dr. Rüstem Hayat,
Dr. Erol Yıldırım, İrfan Aslan, Göksel Tozlu, Önder
Çalmaşur, Levent Gültekin and Engin Kılıç collected some
of the material. Hikmet Özbek acknowledges with thenks
Dr. Z. Kaszab and Dr. M. A.Bologna for their identification
some of the reference material many years ago. He also
thanks Dr. O. Merkl who acquaintance Mr. D. szaloki.
39
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