This article indicates that even the most recent forms of taxation find their roots firmly planted in Colonial America. The author shows that the concepts: ad valorem, transaction basis, indirect levy, multi-step collection, and taxation of net product were present during this early period. Through the use of these con-cepts the historical justifications for the income and sales tax system are ... [Show full abstract] provided and indicate a trend toward combining these concepts into one tax. The value-added tax is such a tax. The author concludes that adoption of this tax would complete a trend in American taxation which "took root" in colonial times.