Article

Low-income, African American Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers Exhibit Similar Dietary Variety Patterns

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baltimore, MD.
Journal of nutrition education and behavior (Impact Factor: 1.36). 03/2009; 41(2):87-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.01.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To examine the relationship between maternal and toddler dietary variety.
Longitudinal; maternal and toddler dietary data were collected at 13 months; anthropometry was collected at 13 and 24 months.
Data were collected in homes.
109 primiparous, low-income, African American adolescent mothers and toddlers.
Maternal and toddler dietary variety and toddler obesity at 24 months.
Correlations were computed to estimate associations between maternal and toddler dietary variety at 13 months; multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate associations between maternal and toddler diet and toddler growth.
Maternal and toddler fruit, vegetable, snack, meat, dairy, and soda variety were significantly correlated. There was no association between maternal and toddler dietary variety and obesity at 24 months. Adolescent mothers who purchased groceries consumed more fruits and vegetables and provided more variety for their toddlers than those who relied on others to purchase groceries.
Adolescent mothers and toddlers exhibited similar dietary patterns; consuming more sweets and less fruits and vegetables than recommended. Toddlerhood is an optimal time to address healthful dietary patterns and to help adolescent mothers influence grocery purchasing decisions. Goals are to establish healthful dietary patterns and reduce pediatric obesity.

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    • "To our knowledge, only one investigation more directly assessed patterns of food intake in mothers and their infants/toddlers. This study was conducted with African American adolescent mothers and found that maternal reported food intake was associated with the variety of foods offered to their 13-month-old children (Papas et al. 2009). For example, greater maternal self-reported intake of fruits, vegetables, snacks/desserts and soda were associated with greater variety of fruits, vegetables, snacks/desserts and soda, respectively, offered to their children at 13 months of age. "
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