Low-income, African American Adolescent Mothers and Their Toddlers Exhibit Similar Dietary Variety Patterns

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baltimore, MD.
Journal of nutrition education and behavior (Impact Factor: 1.36). 03/2009; 41(2):87-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.01.005
Source: PubMed


To examine the relationship between maternal and toddler dietary variety.
Longitudinal; maternal and toddler dietary data were collected at 13 months; anthropometry was collected at 13 and 24 months.
Data were collected in homes.
109 primiparous, low-income, African American adolescent mothers and toddlers.
Maternal and toddler dietary variety and toddler obesity at 24 months.
Correlations were computed to estimate associations between maternal and toddler dietary variety at 13 months; multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate associations between maternal and toddler diet and toddler growth.
Maternal and toddler fruit, vegetable, snack, meat, dairy, and soda variety were significantly correlated. There was no association between maternal and toddler dietary variety and obesity at 24 months. Adolescent mothers who purchased groceries consumed more fruits and vegetables and provided more variety for their toddlers than those who relied on others to purchase groceries.
Adolescent mothers and toddlers exhibited similar dietary patterns; consuming more sweets and less fruits and vegetables than recommended. Toddlerhood is an optimal time to address healthful dietary patterns and to help adolescent mothers influence grocery purchasing decisions. Goals are to establish healthful dietary patterns and reduce pediatric obesity.

22 Reads
    • "To our knowledge, only one investigation more directly assessed patterns of food intake in mothers and their infants/toddlers. This study was conducted with African American adolescent mothers and found that maternal reported food intake was associated with the variety of foods offered to their 13-month-old children (Papas et al. 2009). For example, greater maternal self-reported intake of fruits, vegetables, snacks/desserts and soda were associated with greater variety of fruits, vegetables, snacks/desserts and soda, respectively, offered to their children at 13 months of age. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Young children's first experiences with food may influence development of food preferences and lifelong eating habits. However, little is known about what factors are associated with the development of eating behaviours in infants and toddlers. Studies with older children and adolescents suggest that parental food intake is associated with children's food intake. The purpose of the present paper is to determine whether this association starts even earlier during infancy and toddlerhood. A convenience sample of n= 98 primarily African American mothers of children 6-18 months old completed questionnaires, including questions on their own and their young child's food intake. Mothers completed questions while waiting to be seen by their child's primary care provider. Per maternal report, children consumed fruit 2.45 (1.79) times, vegetables 1.63 (1.51) times and snack foods 2.22 (2.49) times each day. Infants' and toddlers' fruit (r= 0.54, P < 0.001), vegetable (r= 0.42, P < 0.001) and snack food (r= 0.37, P < 0.001) intake were significantly associated with maternal intake of each of these foods, respectively. These significant associations remained even after controlling for additional study variables. Even at very young ages, maternal food intake is an important correlate of children's food intake. Taken together with findings documenting significant snack food consumption in this age group, findings suggest that development of prevention and intervention programmes to enhance healthy eating behaviours need to start very early, perhaps just prior to children being introduced to complementary foods.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Child Care Health and Development
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Describes a bistatic extension to the original WITTEX approach to oceanographic radar altimetry from space. An error analysis of the bistatic link shows that the system timing and height measurement strategy can be designed to retain accuracy comparable to that of nadir-sensing instruments. In a WITTEX constellation, two or more radar altimeter satellites are inserted from one launch vehicle into the same orbit plane. Earth rotation separates their respective surface tracks by distances that are proportional to the along-orbit spacing between the satellites. Monostatic altimeters on n spacecraft together with bistatic altimetric links between adjacent spacecraft generate (2n-1) surface tracks of accurate height data in a bistatic WITTEX constellation.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Jul 2002
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Institute of Medicine recommended changes in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food packages to help families from diverse populations establish more healthful dietary patterns. A cross-sectional study conducted during summer 2007 included interviews and focus groups with 223 WIC participants throughout Maryland. The objectives were to examine participants' responses to food package changes, to identify racial/ethnic differences, and to assess costs. All participants (100%) consumed fruits and vegetables. They preferred fresh for taste, but many endorsed canned and frozen for convenience and cost. Most women (56%) and children (69%) consumed whole milk and did not want reduced-fat milk. Few participants (13%) consumed soy products and most were uninterested in future consumption. Participants endorsed whole-wheat bread as more healthful and reported that they (59%) and their children (51%) would increase consumption if provided by WIC. Non-Hispanic participants preferred peanut butter over beans, Hispanic participants reported that they (44%) and their children (57%) would consume more beans (substituting for peanut butter) if provided by WIC. There were few differences in preferences between African-American and white participants. Hispanics differed from non-Hispanics in preference for beans and dislike of frozen and canned vegetables, suggesting the importance of choices. The proposed food packages were cost-neutral, except when extensive substitutions with soy products were allowed. By providing fruits and vegetables, reduced-fat options, and increased opportunities for nutrition education, the revised food packages may reduce the risk of obesity among low-income women, infants, and children.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Show more