Gilfillan AM, Rivera J.. The tyrosine kinase network regulating mast cell activation. Immunol Rev 228: 149-169

Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1930, USA.
Immunological Reviews (Impact Factor: 10.12). 04/2009; 228(1):149-69. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2008.00742.x
Source: PubMed


Mast cell mediator release represents a pivotal event in the initiation of inflammatory reactions associated with allergic disorders. These responses follow antigen-mediated aggregation of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-occupied high-affinity receptors for IgE (Fc epsilon RI) on the mast cell surface, a response which can be further enhanced following stem cell factor-induced ligation of the mast cell growth factor receptor KIT (CD117). Activation of tyrosine kinases is central to the ability of both Fc epsilon RI and KIT to transmit downstream signaling events required for the regulation of mast cell activation. Whereas KIT possesses inherent tyrosine kinase activity, Fc epsilon RI requires the recruitment of Src family tyrosine kinases and Syk to control the early receptor-proximal signaling events. The signaling pathways propagated by these tyrosine kinases can be further upregulated by the Tec kinase Bruton's tyrosine kinase and downregulated by the actions of the tyrosine Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase 1 (SHP-1) and SHP-2. In this review, we discuss the regulation and role of specific members of this tyrosine kinase network in KIT and Fc epsilon RI-mediated mast cell activation.

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    • "Among them are components of the JAK-STAT and RAS-RAF-MAPK pathways, which lead to mast cell growth, differentiation, survival, adhesion and chemotaxis. KIT receptor can directly bind the p85α subunit of PI3K and in this way contributes to subsequent generation of membraneassociated PI(3,4,5)P 3 (Gilfillan and Rivera, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: Mast cells play crucial roles in both innate and adaptive arms of the immune system. Along with basophils, mast cells are essential effector cells for allergic inflammation that causes asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy and atopic dermatitis. Mast cells are usually increased in inflammatory sites of allergy and, upon activation, release various chemical, lipid, peptide and protein mediators of allergic reactions. Since antigen/immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated activation of these cells is a central event to trigger allergic reactions, innumerable studies have been conducted on how these cells are activated through cross-linking of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI). Development of mature mast cells from their progenitor cells is under the influence of several growth factors, of which the stem cell factor (SCF) seems to be the most important. Therefore, how SCF induces mast cell development and activation via its receptor, KIT, has been studied extensively, including a cross-talk between KIT and FcεRI signaling pathways. Although our understanding of the signaling mechanisms of the FcεRI and KIT pathways is far from complete, pharmaceutical applications of the knowledge about these pathways are underway. This review will focus on recent progresses in FcεRI and KIT signaling and chemotaxis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · European journal of pharmacology
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    • "c-kit ICD has nine key tyrosine residues (Y568, Y570, Y703, Y721, Y730, Y747, Y823, Y900, Y936), which are mainly involved in recruiting signalling molecules1429. We designed two c-kit ICD mutants. "
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is important for understanding numerous processes in mammalian cells; however, existing PPI detection methods often give significant background signals. Here, we propose a novel PPI-detection method based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. In this method, target proteins are fused to the intracellular domain of c-kit (c-kit ICD) and expressed in interleukin-3-dependent mammalian cells. The PPI induces dimerization and activation of c-kit ICDs, which leads to cell growth in the absence of interleukin-3. Using this system, we successfully detected the ligand-dependent homo-interaction of FKBPF36V and hetero-interaction of FKBP and FRBT2098L, as well as the constitutive interaction between MDM2 and a known peptide inhibitor. Intriguingly, cells expressing high-affinity peptide chimeras are selected from the mixture of the cell populations dominantly expressing low-affinity peptide chimeras. These results indicate that this method can detect PPIs with low background levels and is suitable for peptide inhibitor screening.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Scientific Reports
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    • "In addition, CADM1 downregulation markedly increased tyrosine phosphorylation of protein bands 58–63 kDa. Some of them are likely to be SRC family kinases Lyn (59 kDa) and Fyn (61 kDa), which bind to activated Kit [69] and become more tyrosine phosphorylated upon recruitment. Similarly, we found some evidence of reduced levels of actin polymerisation and tyrosine phosphorylation in two populations of HLMCs with downregulated CADM1. "
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    ABSTRACT: CADM1 is a major receptor for the adhesion of mast cells (MCs) to fibroblasts, human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and neurons. It also regulates E-cadherin and alpha6beta4 integrin in other cell types. Here we investigated a role for CADM1 in MC adhesion to both cells and extracellular matrix (ECM). Downregulation of CADM1 in the human MC line HMC-1 resulted not only in reduced adhesion to HASMCs, but also reduced adhesion to their ECM. Time-course studies in the presence of EDTA to inhibit integrins demonstrated that CADM1 provided fast initial adhesion to HASMCs and assisted with slower adhesion to ECM. CADM1 downregulation, but not antibody-dependent CADM1 inhibition, reduced MC adhesion to ECM, suggesting indirect regulation of ECM adhesion. To investigate potential mechanisms, phosphotyrosine signalling and polymerisation of actin filaments, essential for integrin-mediated adhesion, were examined. Modulation of CADM1 expression positively correlated with surface KIT levels and polymerisation of cortical F-actin in HMC-1 cells. It also influenced phosphotyrosine signalling and KIT tyrosine autophosphorylation. CADM1 accounted for 46% of surface KIT levels and 31% of F-actin in HMC-1 cells. CADM1 downregulation resulted in elongation of cortical actin filaments in both HMC-1 cells and human lung MCs and increased cell rigidity of HMC-1 cells. Collectively these data suggest that CADM1 is a key adhesion receptor, which regulates MC net adhesion, both directly through CADM1-dependent adhesion, and indirectly through the regulation of other adhesion receptors. The latter is likely to occur via docking of KIT and polymerisation of cortical F-actin. Here we propose a stepwise model of adhesion with CADM1 as a driving force for net MC adhesion.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · PLoS ONE
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