Efficacy of oxamyl coated on alfalfa seed with a polymer sticker in pratylenchus and meloidogyne infested soils.

Journal of nematology (Impact Factor: 1.08). 05/1989; 21(2):242-6.
Source: PubMed


A polymer sticker was used as a coating in which oxamyl was applied to seeds of alfalfa cultivar Saranac for the control of Pratylenchus penetrans and Meloidogyne hapla. The sticker, diluted 1:1 (sticker:water) to 1:5, delayed seedling emergence during the first 4 days after planting. By day 13, however, emergence from all sticker treatments was comparable to the control. Shoot growth of seedlings at day 21 was less than that of the control only from seeds coated with a 1:1 dilution; root growth and nodulation were not affected. Sticker-coated seeds absorbed 30-58% as much water in 3.5 hours as was absorbed by uncoated seeds. Oxamyl concentrations of 40-160 mg/ml in a 1:5 sticker : water mixture had no adverse affect on seedling emergence, growth, and nodulation over 3 weeks. Oxamyl at 160 mg/ml was more effective against P. penetrans than M. hapla. Growth of alfalfa in P. penetrans-infested soil was greater than that of the control in each sampling for 11 weeks. The reduction of number of P. penetrans in soil and roots moderated slowly over 11 weeks from 90% to 60%. Shoot and root growth of alfalfa from oxamyl-coated seed in M. hapla-infested soil were greater than those of the control for 7 and 11 weeks, respectively. The reduction in the number of M. hapla in the soil and roots changed from 80% at 7 weeks to 15% at 11 weeks.

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    ABSTRACT: Previous reports of crop losses to plant-parasitic nematodes have relied on published results of survey data based on certain commodities, including tobacco, peanuts, cotton, and soybean. Reports on crop-loss assessment by land-grant universities and many commodity groups generally are no longer available, with the exception of the University of Georgia, the Beltwide Cotton Conference, and selected groups concerned with soybean. The Society of Nematologists Extension Committee contacted extension personnel in 49 U.S. states for information on estimated crop losses caused by plant-parasitic nematodes in major crops for the year 1994. Included in this paper are survey results from 35 states on various crops including corn, cotton, soybean, peanut, wheat, rice, sugarcane, sorghum, tobacco, numerous vegetable crops, fruit and nut crops, and golf greens. The data are reported systematically by state and include the estimated loss, hectarage of production, source of information, nematode species or taxon when available, and crop value. The major genera of phytoparasitic nematodes reported to cause crop losses were Heterodera, Hoplolaimus, Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus, Rotylenchulus, and Xiphinema.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2000 · Journal of nematology