Factors influencing the pattern of self-medication in an adult Nigerian population

Department of Dental Services, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Annals of African medicine 10/2008; 7(3):120-7. DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55666
Source: PubMed


Despite the growing research interest in self-medication, little information has been available about its major determinants especially in developing countries. This informed the conduct of this study to determine the major factors that influence the pattern of self medication in a population of market women in Ifako-Ijaiye area of Lagos, Nigeria.
Interviewer administered pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data from 205 market women selected by multistage sampling technique.
The patent medicine dealers were the commonest source of information on medications (31.4%) and where they were obtained (52.2%). The exceptions were the educated (62.5%) respondents who obtained theirs from hospitals and pharmacies. Trade and generic names (61.1%) were common means of drug recognition especially among the educated respondents (P<.05). Education of the respondents was the major factor influencing the practice of self-medication though the pattern was descriptively associated with the marital status and educational level of the respondents (P<.05). Benefits of the practice includes in the order: curing of ailments (58.0%), saving time and money (32.0%) and independence of care (7.0%).
Literacy and public health education were the major factors influencing the pattern of self-medication among market women. Recommendations on the role of education of market women, patent medicine dealers and the importance of community pharmacy were suggested.

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    • "Young adults especially students usually make unprotected health related decisions that may affect their health [5].Self- medication, is defined as the use of pharmaceutical products without any professional supervision. It includes the use of medication by the consumer to treat self-recognized disorders, symptoms, recurrent disease or minor health problems [6] [7] [8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Self-medication practice among medical and non-medical students at Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia Mona Ehab Aljaouni, Asmaa Ahmed Hafiz, Hadeel Hadi Alalawi, Ghaida Moazi Alahmadi, Imad AlKhawaja Abstract: Background: Self-medication is a common practice worldwide, particularly among adolescents and University students, and the irrational use of medicines is a cause of concern Objectives: To assess students’ practices, knowledge, awareness and the reasons behind self-medication at Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 June until 31 August (2015) at Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. The study recruited 503 students of all academic years (349 medical and 154 non-medical students). The data were collected through a self-administered structured questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of demographic data and data about students’ practice, attitude and reasons behind the use of self- medication. The collected data were analyzed using appropriate statistical methods. The level of statistical significance was defined as P ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of self-medication among the studied students was 64.8% (326 out of 503 students), and there was significant difference by students’ faculty, study year and family structure. The prevalence was higher among medical (66%), final years (75%), female (65.5%), and students living alone (77.8%). The self- medication students reported that they used un-prescribed medication to treat headache (35.9%), sore-throat and upper respiratory tract infections (42.9%), fever (14.1%), GIT problems (5.9%), and skin problems 91.2%). The most important self- medications used by students were analgesics (60.3%), antibiotics (30.6%), antipyretics (5.6%), vitamins (3.4%), and antihistamines (1.1%). The main source of information about medicines was the study books and learning experiences. The experience in self-medication was the most important reason of using self-medication in the studied students. However, most of the students (medical and non medical) reported non-favorable attitude towards self-medication and suggested health education and legislation to stop this phenomenon among university students. Conclusions: The study finding revealed a high prevalence rate of self-medication among the studied students. The study findings address the crucial need to develop structured health education programs to prevent growing trend of self-medication among University students.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    • "Self-care refers to actions and attitudes which are practiced by people to help them contribute to the maintenance of their well-being and personal health. Self-medication is often described as the medical spontaneous use of prescription and Over-The-Counter (OTC) drugs to treat self-recognized disorders, symptoms or minor illnesses without the consultation of a physician either for diagnosis, treatment or monitoring [1]-[3]. Several studies which were done on self-medication revealed that it was a common practice, especially in countries where there were no strict regulations and prescription drugs were freely dispensed [2] [4]. "

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Pharmacology & Pharmacy
    • "Study from South Africa had shown very high prevalence of self-medication (93-98%). However, the definition used in this study was ever exposed to the practice of self-medication among women 16-65 years.[18] "
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    ABSTRACT: Self medication is an important concern for health authorities at global level. This study was aimed to find the prevalence of self medication for allopathic drugs and associated factors among households of urban community. This study was also aimed at assessing the attitude of respondents who had experienced self-medication. This cross-sectional study was done in field practice area attached to a medical institution in urban Puducherry. A total of 352 subjects from 124 households were selected by random sampling. With pretested interview schedule, information regarding self-medication use in the past three months and associated sociodemographic factors, purpose, source of drug procurement, attitude toward self-medication use were collected. Prevalence of self-medication was found to be 11.9%. Males, age >40 years and involving in moderate level activity of occupation, were found to be significantly associated with higher self-medication usage (P < 0.05). Fever (31%), headache (19%), and abdominal pain (16.7%) are most common illnesses where self-medication is being used. Telling the symptoms to pharmacist (38.1%) was the commonest method adopted to procure drugs by the users. Majority of the self-medication users expressed that self-medication is harmless (66.6%) and they are going to use (90%) and advice others also (73.8%) to use self-medication drugs. Self-medication is an important health issue in this area. Health education of the public and regulation of pharmacies may help in limiting the self-medication practices.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Perspectives in clinical research
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