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"Taking Back" the Caliphate: Sh arīf Husayn Ibn 'Alī, Mustafa Kemal and the Ottoman Caliphate

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Abstract

It has been established elsewhere that gaining the Caliphate for the H¸shimite family was a consuming interest for the Sharºf of Mecca, Ýusayn b. {Alº, and his son {Abdall¸h.1 The desire to take the Caliphate played a cardinal role in his decision to revolt against the Ottomans. As Ýusayn would have it, he was revolting not to establish a kingdom in the Ýidj¸z, and not simply a large Arab state, but to establish a replacement Islamic polity, in which the Arabs, led by the H¸shimites, would take their rightful place.

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197-200; see also FO 371 Fuad El Khatib, Foreign Minister Hashemite Arabic Government (Shunneh , Amman) to FO, 13 March 1924. 39 FO 371
38 Ýusayn's Caliphate Proclamation, 11 March 1924, in {Abdall¸h bin al-Ýusayn, Mudhakkir¸tº (Jerusalem, 1945), pp. 197-200; see also FO 371/10212/E 2608, Fuad El Khatib, Foreign Minister Hashemite Arabic Government (Shunneh, Amman) to FO, 13 March 1924. 39 FO 371/10217/E 2286, clipping from the Manchester Guardian, 13 March 1924. Emphasis mine. 288.p65 9/22/00, 9:37 AM
For a collection of the hundreds of messages of congratulations received by the Sharºf, see Mu-¥ammad Y¢suf al-{Ab¸dº, Al-Ri¥la al-Mul¢kiyya min Makka al-Mukarrama il{ Amm¸n wa'l-Bay'a al-Kubr¸ bil-Khil¸fa lil-Sharºf al-Ýusayn b
  • Al-Qibla
Al-Qibla, No. 752, 7 January; No. 754, 14 January; No. 755, 17 January; No. 756, 21 January; No. 757, 24 January; No. 761, 7 February 1924. For a collection of the hundreds of messages of congratulations received by the Sharºf, see Mu-¥ammad Y¢suf al-{Ab¸dº, Al-Ri¥la al-Mul¢kiyya min Makka al-Mukarrama il{ Amm¸n wa'l-Bay'a al-Kubr¸ bil-Khil¸fa lil-Sharºf al-Ýusayn b. {Alº ({Amm¸n: Wiz¸rat al-Thaq¸fa, 1996).