A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study of XP13512/GSK1838262 in the treatment of patients with primary restless legs syndrome

Stanford University Center of Excellence for Sleep Disorders, Stanford, CA 94305-5730, USA.
Sleep (Impact Factor: 4.59). 03/2009; 32(2):159-68.
Source: PubMed


To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of XP13512/ GSK1838262, an investigational nondopaminergic agent for the treatment of moderate-to-severe primary restless legs syndrome (RLS).
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial.
Nine US clinical sites.
Thirty-eight treatment-naive subjects with RLS (mean +/- SD age 50.1 +/- 13.2 years).
XP13512 1800 mg/day followed by placebo or placebo followed by XP13512 1800 mg/day for 14 days, with a 7-day washout between treatment periods.
The primary endpoint was mean change from baseline International RLS Study Group rating scale (IRLS) total score on Day 14, analyzed using analysis of variance with sequence, period, and treatment as fixed effects and subjects within sequence as a random effect. XP13512 significantly reduced IRLS total score on Day 14 compared with placebo (mean +/- SD: XP13512 -12.1 +/-6.5, placebo -1.9 +/- 6.3; P < 0.0001). Polysomnographic data showed that XP13512 significantly improved sleep architecture on Day 14 compared with placebo (mean +/- SD change from baseline sleep time [minutes]: stage 1: XP13512 -9.8 +/- 23.9, placebo 0.4 +/-23.2; adjusted P<0.0054, nominal P<0.0001; stage 3/4 (slow-wave sleep): XP13512 22.8 +/- 40.8, placebo 1.4 +/- 34.3; adjusted P=0.0092, nominal P=0.0002). The most frequently reported adverse events were somnolence (XP13512 30.6%, placebo 2.8%) and dizziness (XP13512 27.8%, placebo 5.6%).
XP13512 1800 mg/day significantly reduced RLS symptoms, improved sleep, and was generally well tolerated in subjects with moderate-to-severe primary RLS across 14 days of treatment.

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    • "Kushida and colleagues51 conducted a phase 2, randomized, double-blind crossover comparison of gabapentin enacarbil 1800 mg daily (600 mg at 5 pm, 1200 mg at bedtime) versus placebo. Subjects were naïve to RLS treatment, and there was a 7-day wash-out period between each of the 14-day phases. "
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    • "The last two studies are both 52-week open-label studies using gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg/day. The first is an extension study undertaken by Ellenbogen et al.55 Participants (n = 573) were enrolled from several prior gabapentin enacarbil studies.52–54 They consumed the study drug at 5 pm with food. "
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    • "tramadol, tilidine and codeine) but their use over the long-term could be problematic due to addiction issues [8]. Alpha-2-delta ligands (pregabalin, gabapentin and gabapentin enacarbil) are currently being examined in clinical trials and might constitute a promising alternative if their efficacy is confirmed in long-term trials [45,46]. "
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