Beneficial effects of individualized physical activity on prescription on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors: Results from a randomized controlled trial

Department of Neurobiology, Health Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation: official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 03/2009; 16(1):80-4. DOI: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32831e953a
Source: PubMed


Insufficient physical activity (PA), overweight and abdominal obesity are increasing global public health problems.
Randomized controlled 6-month intervention study.
One hundred and one 68-year-old individuals (57% female) with low PA, overweight (BMI 25-40 kg/m) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference >88 cm in women and >102 cm in men), were randomized to PA on prescription (PAP) or a minimal intervention. PA measured by several methods, anthropometric parameters, body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors were measured at baseline and after intervention.
Favourable changes in anthropometrics, body composition, S-glucose, glycosolated haemoglobin (HbA1c), blood lipids and apolipoproteins were seen in the PAP group. In the control group, however, some positive changes were also noted. Bodyweight, neck circumference, fat mass, S-cholesterol and HbA1c decreased significantly more in the PAP group.
Individualized PAP improves body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors in sedentary older overweight individuals. PAP might be useful in clinical practice to counteract the epidemic of sedentary lifestyle and concomitant cardiometabolic disorders.

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Available from: Erik Hemmingsson, Apr 24, 2015
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    • "2 months (Leijon et al, 2009). The self-reported adherence to the prescription was 65% at 6 months (Kallings et al, 2009a), a fraction well in correspondence with the known compliance rate of medications . In a randomized controlled study, physical activity on prescription significantly improved body composition and reduced metabolic risk factors (Kallings et al,. 2009b)."
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    • "Information on exercise time was obtained, and physical activity of at least moderate intensity was assessed as described [3]. The intervention group received patient-centred counselling and individualized written prescription of physical activity, as described [3]. In brief, the intervention aimed to achieve a daily physical activity level of at least 30 min of moderate intensity and included both aerobic and strength training. "
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