This article, written in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of Economic Development Quarterly, reviews the literature on the politics of local economic development. It asks what is known-and not known-about this topic. The article summarizes, assesses, and critiques the literature; indicates its shortcomings; and suggests paths for future research. It examines what the literature says about the forces driving local governments to engage in economic development activity, the factors that account for variation in such activity, the way local officials think about economic development-including its political logic-and the political activity that characterizes local economic development policy. With respect to the local politics of economic development, the article focuses on the interests involved and particularly on the question of how dominant business is in the process, the nature and degree of conflict, and the openness of local economic development decision making to public participation.