Infant Feeding and Growth

ArticleinAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 639:57-66 · February 2009with1 Read
Impact Factor: 1.96 · DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8749-3_5 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    It is well documented that the growth patterns of breast-fed and formula-fed infants differ significantly. In industrialised
    countries, formula-fed infants generally grow more rapidly than breast-fed infants. In developing countries, the opposite
    may be observed, due to high rates of infection associated with bottle-feeding in environments with poor sanitation. This
    paper will focus on the former situation, where infant growth is largely unconstrained by environmental factors. The questions
    to be addressed are: a) how do growth patterns differ between breast-fed and formula-fed infants, b) how does energy intake
    differ between breast-fed and formula-fed infants, c) what are the potential explanations for differences in energy intake
    and growth by feeding mode d) what are the long-term consequences of differences in early growth?