The Effects of Compression Garments on Intermittent Exercise Performance and Recovery on Consecutive Days

School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, NSW, Australia.
International journal of sports physiology and performance (Impact Factor: 2.66). 01/2009; 3(4):454-68.
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to determine whether compression garments improve intermittent-sprint performance and aid performance or self-reported recovery from high-intensity efforts on consecutive days.
Following familiarization, 14 male rugby players performed two randomized testing conditions (with or without garments) involving consecutive days of a simulated team sport exercise protocol, separated by 24 h of recovery within each condition and 2 weeks between conditions. Each day involved an 80-min high-intensity exercise circuit, with exercise performance determined by repeated 20-m sprints and peak power on a cart dynamometer (single-man scrum machine). Measures of nude mass, heart rate, skin and tympanic temperature, and blood lactate (La-) were recorded throughout each day; also, creatine kinase (CK) and muscle soreness were recorded each day and 48 h following exercise.
No differences (P=.20 to 0.40) were present between conditions on either day of the exercise protocol for repeated 20-m sprint efforts or peak power on a cart dynamometer. Heart rate, tympanic temperature, and body mass did not significantly differ between conditions; however, skin temperature was higher under the compression garments. Although no differences (P=.50) in La- or CK were present, participants felt reduced levels of perceived muscle soreness in the ensuing 48 h postexercise when wearing the garments (2.5+/-1.7 vs 3.5+/-2.1 for garment and control; P=.01).
The use of compression garments did not improve or hamper simulated team-sport activity on consecutive days. Despite benefits of reduced self-reported muscle soreness when wearing garments during and following exercise each day, no improvements in performance or recovery were apparent.

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    • "Duffield ve Portus, 2007; Davies ve ark., 2009; Kraemer ve ark., 2010; Jakeman ve ark., 2010a, 2010b; Duffield ve ark., 2008, 2010; Gallaher ve ark., 2010; Goh ve ark., 2011; Miyamoto ve ark., 2011; Driller ve Halson, 2013), algılanan zorlukta (Rugg ve Sternlicht, 2013) ve gecikmiş kas ağrısında düşüş sağlarken (Kraemer ve ark. 2001; Perrey ve ark., 2008; Webb ve Willems, 2010; Hamlin ve ark., 2012; Valle ve ark., 2013; Beliard ve ark., 2015), akut kas ağrısında etkisi olmadığını (Ali ve ark., 2007) belirtmektedir. "
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Compression garments are modern textiles that has a special structure which be able to apply external mechanical pressure over the skin to the subcutaneous tissues. Research results showing that the positive physical, physiological and psychological benefits of externally applied pressure to the tissue might have led to widespread among athletes of compression garments. According to these possible effects of compression garments has become increasingly widespread among athletes. However, with the presence of the studies that have no positive effects for athletic performance shows that the results are influenced by the variables such as the garment type, surrounding area and worn duration, exercise type, age, gender, form level and anthropometric characteristics of practitioners gradient of applied pressure and according that the effect mechanisms of these clothes are not clarified. In this review, the characteristics, the main effect common consensus on the mechanism, usage, effects of compression garments was described. General information and the new research results about these clothes with increasing popularity in the sports field was discussed to provide useful information for athletes, coaches and sports specialists and this way, we purposed to taking its place in national sports science literature.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015
    • "Running with GCS increases skin temperature in the body regions in contact with the garment . The increase in temperature ranged between 0 . 04 and 0 . 91 °C and could be due to the insulation prop - erties of the garment , thereby reducing the effectiveness of the sweat evaporation mechanisms of the skin ( Duffield et al . , 2008 ; Gavin , 2003 ; Sperlich et al . , 2013 ) . Doan et al . ( 2003 ) reported similar results showing an increase of approximately 1 °C in the anterior thigh skin temperature with the use of compression shorts . Goh et al . ( 2011 ) found greater skin temperatures with the use of lower body com - pression garments in thigh ( 3 . 1 °C ) an"
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    ABSTRACT: High skin temperatures reduce the thermal gradient between the core and the skin and they can lead to a reduction in performance and increased risk of injury. Graduated compression stockings have become popular among runners in the last years and their use may influence the athlete’s thermoregulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of graduated compression stockings on skin temperature during running. Forty-four runners performed two running tests lasting 30 minutes (10 minutes of warm-up and 20 minutes at 75% of their maximal aerobic speed) with and without graduated compressive stockings. Skin temperature was measured in twelve regions of interest on the lower limbs by infrared thermography before and after running. Heart rate and perception of fatigue were assessed during the last minute of the running test. Compression stockings resulted in greater increase of temperature (p=0.002 and ES=2.2, 95%CI [0.11-0.45 °C]) not only in the body regions in contact (tibialis anterior, ankle anterior and gastrocnemius) but also in the body regions that were not in contact with the garment (vastus lateralis, abductor and semitendinosus). No differences were observed between conditions in heart rate and perception of fatigue (p>0.05 and ES<0.8). In conclusion, running with graduated compression stockings produces a greater increase of skin temperature without modifying the athlete’s heart rate and perception of fatigue.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Thermal Biology
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    • "Commercially available compression garments of multiple producers are available on the market, engineered not only to snuggly fit the body but also to potentially improve exercise performance [6], and benefits such as improved recovery when worn after endurance [2] [7] [8] or strength exercise [9] have been observed in some while not in all studies [10] [11] [12] [13]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Compression garments are often worn during exercise and allegedly have ergogenic and/or physiological effects. In this study, we compared hemodynamics and running performance while wearing compression and loose-fit breeches. We hypothesized that in neutral-warm environment compression breeches impair performance by diminishing body cooling via evaporative sweat loss and redistributing blood from active musculature to skin leading to a larger rise in body temperature and prolonging recovery of hemodynamics after exercise. Methods: Changes in hemodynamics (leg blood flow, heart rate, and blood pressure during orthoclinostatic test), calf muscle tissue oxygenation, and skin and core temperatures were measured in response to 30 min running (simulation of aerobic training session) followed by maximal 400 m sprint (evaluation of running performance) in recreationally active females (25.1 ± 4.2 yrs; 63.0 ± 8.6 kg) wearing compression or loose-fit breeches in randomized fashion. Results: Wearing compression breeches resulted in larger skin temperature rise under the garment during exercise and recovery (by about 1 °C, P < 0.05; statistical power > 85%), while core temperature dynamics and other measured parameters including circulation, running performance, and sensations were similar compared to wearing loose-fit breeches (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with loose-fit breeches, compression breeches have neither positive nor negative physiological and performance effects for females running in thermoneutral environment.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · The Scientific World Journal
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