Multi-frequency imaging of the galaxy cluster Abell 2163 using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect

Astronomy and Astrophysics (Impact Factor: 4.38). 02/2009; 506(2). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200911746
Source: arXiv


We used the APEX-SZ and LABOCA bolometer cameras on the APEX telescope to map the decrement of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect at 150 GHz and the increment at 345 GHz toward the galaxy cluster Abell 2163. The SZE images were used to model the radial density and temperature distribution of the ICM, and to derive the gas mass fraction in the cluster under the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium. We used the isothermal beta model to fit the SZE decrement/increment radial profiles. We performed a simple, non-parametric de-projection of the radial density and temperature profiles, in conjunction with XMM-Newton X-ray data, under the simplifying assumption of spherical symmetry. We combined the peak SZE signals derived in this paper with published SZE measurements of this cluster to derive the cluster line-of-sight bulk velocity and the central Comptonization, using priors on the ICM temperature. We find that the best-fit isothermal model to the SZE data is consistent with the ICM properties implied by the X-ray data, particularly inside the central 1 Mpc radius. Although the assumptions of hydrostatic equilibrium and spherical symmetry may not be optimal for this complex system, the results obtained under these assumptions are consistent with X-ray and weak-lensing measurements. This shows the applicability of the simple joint SZE and X-ray de-projection technique described in this paper for clusters with a wide range of dynamical states. (Abridged) Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures. To appear in A&A. Sections 4 and 5 updated

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