Growth and nutritional status of Bengali adolescent girls

Islamia Hospital, 8 Jessore Road, Kolkata, India.
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics (Impact Factor: 0.87). 03/2009; 76(4):391-9. DOI: 10.1007/s12098-009-0015-3
Source: PubMed


Assessment of the growth and nutritional status among healthy Bengali adolescent schoolgirls at peri-urban area.
In this cross sectional study, sample consists of 527 school going adolescent girls, aged 10 to 18 years. The sample of the present study was collected from a peri-urban area (Duttapukur) of north 24 parganas district of West Bengal, India. Standard anthropometric measurements including linear, curvilinear and skinfold thickness were collected from each subject. Percentile curves and nutritional indices were used to determine the growth and nutritional status respectively.
The nature of distance curves and percentile curves of the body measurements showed a high rate of increase in 10-11 years of age group corresponding to an earlier adolescent growth spurt than average Indian girls. The adolescent girls in the current study were found to be significantly (p<0.0001) taller than Indian girls and heavier than both Indian and urban Bengali girls but slightly shorter than urban Bengali girls. They are significantly (p<0.0001) shorter and lighter than American girls, which also corresponded to 50(th) percentile curves. Age specific nutritional assessment shows different grades of malnutrition among them. Gomez's classification indicates about 60 % to 70 % adolescent girls show either moderate to mild malnutrition during their growth period. Both the indices of Waterlow's classification show least percentage of least malnutrition among the girls.
The growth pattern and nutritional status observed among adolescent girls in peri-urban situation show heterogeneity with respect to some anthropometric traits and in conformity with the growth pattern and nutritional status of urban girls.

Download full-text


Available from: Ts Vasulu
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study has been carried out on 795 Baiga children (453 males and 342 females) of Baiga-chak area of Dindori district in Madhya Pradesh (MP) varying between 1-18 years of age with an aim to understand their growth profile using cross sectional design. Fourteen body measurements (weight, height, sitting height, lengths, breadths, circumferences and skin folds) were studied. Four indices namely Sitting height/Leg length, Bicristal breadth/Biacro-mial breadth, Head circumference/Chest circumference & Cephalic index were computed to study the proportionate body changes. All body measurements except for skin folds increased progressively in each age group showing insignificant difference between boys and girls in most of age groups with no evident peak velocity during pubertal age in both sexes. However skin folds showed inconsistent pattern with each successive age. The present children were slightly heavier and taller than tribal children of other areas but lighter and shorter than Bharia children. However, these children were comparable with all India rural children but found below 10th percentile when compared with National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS) standards. The absence of peak velocity and poor growth in studied children may be due to low intensity of growth rate. Proportionate changes observed in the present study were similar to Indian Punjabi girls.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Collegium antropologicum
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 300 boys and girls (1:1) of 10-15 years, randomly selected, from three Govt. Secondary School of Unokoti District of Tripura State, to assess their nutritional status. The weight, height, head circumference (HC) and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC), body mass index (BMI) and chest circumference (CC) were taken as nutritional status indices. Nutritional status was evaluated using the age and sex-specific cut-off points of anthropometric indicators of the NHANES-I percentile values. The percent of malnourished children was found varying from 53% to 76% on the basis of different nutritional status indices, socio-economic status, and sex. There is a decreasing trend in the proportion of undernourished child with increasing socio-economic status (SES). The low values of anthropometric indices and high rate of malnourished child obtained from this study suggest that there is need for improvement in the nutritional status of adolescents.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Anthropologist