Development of a Risk and Resilience-Based Out-of-School Time Program for Children and Youths

School of Social Work, Arizona State University, USA.
Social work (Impact Factor: 1.15). 02/2009; 54(1):45-55. DOI: 10.1093/sw/54.1.45
Source: PubMed


Out-of-school time (OST) programs offer a unique opportunity to provide educational supports to high-risk children and youths.
The authors describe the utility of applying principles of risk and resilience to the development and evaluation of an OST
program. Academic outcomes among participants at the Bridge Project, an OST program located in three urban public housing
communities, are presented to illustrate a risk and resilience approach to service delivery. Implications for practice and
research are delineated.

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    • "Raising community awareness of such programs will assist in gaining support and continued funding to ensure that children receive continuity of care. CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW The Societal Shift The probability that children will be exposed to risks during the after-school hours appears to be on a rise while the likelihood of these children receiving quality character education appears to be decreasing (Alter et al., 2009). This is evidenced by the shift in modern society whereby children endure days filled with lost opportunities for productivity in the community. "

    Preview · Article · Jan 2009
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    ABSTRACT: Using a risk and resilience approach, this study examined the impact of participation in Boys & Girls Clubs on reducing vulnerability and problem behaviors among 297 youths aged 9 to 16Â years of age. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationships among the observed indicators of Club participation and poor self-concept and the latent constructs of vulnerability and problem behaviors. Results indicate that participation in Boys & Girls Clubs had a small, but significant relationship with a decrease in poor self-concept. Poor self-concept was in turn directly related to increased vulnerability; and increased vulnerability was related to increased problem behaviors. These findings point to the importance of Boys & Girls Clubs and other youth development organizations in promoting positive self-concepts to help decrease vulnerability and problem behaviors among program participants.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in the field of prevention have led to a deeper understanding of the causes of adolescent problem behavior and to the identification of efficacious strategies to prevent delinquency, drug use, and other antisocial conduct. This 2009 Aaron Rosen lecture to members of the Society for Social Work and Research traces the evolution of prevention approaches in the United States. A public health model of intervention based on the principles of risk and protection is introduced as an important development in the field of prevention science. Examples from two longitudinal studies are used to illustrate how advances in prevention have led to positive changes in the lives of vulnerable children and youth. Practice, policy, and research challenges necessary to increase the impact of prevention are discussed.
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