Quality of life is significantly impaired in long-term survivors of acute liver failure and particularly in acetaminophen-overdose patients
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI. Liver Transplantation
(Impact Factor: 4.24).
09/2013; 19(9). DOI: 10.1002/lt.23688
Functional outcomes for long-term survivors of acute liver failure (ALF) are not well characterized. The aim of this prospective study was to determine health-related quality of life in long-term adult ALF survivors. Acute Liver Failure Study Group registry participants completed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Health-Related Quality of Life 14 and Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaires at 1- and/or 2-year follow-up study visits. Responses were compared among ALF subgroups and to those for available general US population controls. Among the 282 adult ALF patients, 125 had undergone liver transplantation (LT), whereas 157, including 95 acetaminophen overdose (APAP) patients and 62 non-APAP patients, were spontaneous survivors (SSs). APAP SS patients reported significantly lower general health scores and more days of impaired mental and physical health, activity limitations due to poor health, pain, depression, and anxiety in comparison with the other groups (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in coma grade or in the use of mechanical ventilation or intracranial pressure monitoring among the patient groups during their ALF hospitalization, but APAP SSs had significantly higher rates of psychiatric disease and substance abuse (P < 0.001). In comparison with the general US population, a greater proportion of the combined SS patients reported fair or poor health and >14 days of impaired physical/mental health and activity limitations due to poor health. In addition, a greater proportion of LT recipients reported >14 days of impaired physical/mental health. Similar results were observed with the SF-36 across the 3 ALF subgroups and in comparison with population controls. In conclusion, long-term adult survivors of ALF reported significantly lower quality of life scores than US population controls. Furthermore, APAP SS patients reported the lowest quality of life scores, possibly because of higher rates of premorbid psychiatric and substance abuse disorders. Liver Transpl, 2013. © 2013 AASLD.
Available from: Fin Stolze Larsen
- "In the first of two recent studies, social problems post-transplant as a cause of death or graft failure including non-adherence to immunosuppression were nearly 10% higher in the paracetamol overdose cases than for other etiologies . In the second study, the non-transplanted spontaneous survivors had the greatest decrease in quality of life with high rates of psychiatric disease and substance abuse raising further questions as to the appropriateness of ELT for this category of ALF . The question of whether better medical care is altering the values of prognostic indices of long-established criteria used in transplant selection is a difficult one. "
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ABSTRACT: Over the last three decades acute liver failure (ALF) has been transformed from a rare and poorly understood condition with a near universally fatal outcome, to one with a well characterized phenotype and disease course. Complex critical care protocols are now applied and emergency liver transplantation (ELT) is an established treatment option. These improvements in care are such that the majority of patients may now be expected to survive (Fig. 1). Key features of the condition have changed dramatically over time, with a remarkable fall in the incidence of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension, a much feared complication. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of key aspects of the classification, pathophysiology and management of ALF, and discuss the foreseeable challenges that will need to be addressed for further improvements to be achieved.
Copyright © 2014 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Available from: Aurora M. Sherman
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the baseline health-related quality of life (HRQL) of 301 postmenopausal women with heart disease enrolled in the Estrogen Replacement and Atherosclerosis (ERA) trial.
The primary measure of HRQL was the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (MOS SF-36). The SF-36 was augmented with secondary assessments, including measures of depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, urinary incontinence, sleep disturbance, and physical symptoms. Multiple regression analyses were used to test hypotheses regarding the contribution of positive (social support) and negative (social strain) aspects of social relations after accounting for other correlates of HRQL and heart disease.
Results indicate that social support was positively associated with better functioning for all measured outcomes (all p < 0.05) except symptom frequency and severity. Social strain was negatively associated with HRQL functioning (all p < 0.05) except overall physical functioning, sleep disturbance, and urinary incontinence. In addition, several comorbid conditions were negatively associated with HRQL outcomes. In particular, chest pain was significantly associated with worse functioning on all HRQL outcomes except urinary incontinence.
These data suggest that both clinical status variables (particularly chest pain) and the psychosocial context (represented by dimensions of relationship quality) influenced HRQL in this cohort. Thus, interventions that combine medical treatments with psychosocially based interventions may be most effective for women at risk for impaired HRQL.
Available from: Raphael B Stricker
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ABSTRACT: Overview. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) health-related quality of life (HRQoL) indicators are widely used in the general population to determine the burden of disease, identify health needs, and direct public health policy. These indicators also allow the burden of illness to be compared across different diseases. Although Lyme disease has recently been acknowledged as a major health threat in the USA with more than 300,000 new cases per year, no comprehensive assessment of the health burden of this tickborne disease is available. This study assesses the HRQoL of patients with chronic Lyme disease (CLD) and compares the severity of CLD to other chronic conditions.
Methods. Of 5,357 subjects who responded to an online survey, 3,090 were selected for the study. Respondents were characterized as having CLD if they were clinically diagnosed with Lyme disease and had persisting symptoms lasting more than 6 months following antibiotic treatment. HRQoL of CLD patients was assessed using the CDC 9-item metric. The HRQoL analysis for CLD was compared to published analyses for the general population and other chronic illnesses using standard statistical methods.
Results. Compared to the general population and patients with other chronic diseases reviewed here, patients with CLD reported significantly lower health quality status, more bad mental and physical health days, a significant symptom disease burden, and greater activity limitations. They also reported impairment in their ability to work, increased utilization of healthcare services, and greater out of pocket medical costs.
Conclusions. CLD patients have significantly impaired HRQoL and greater healthcare utilization compared to the general population and patients with other chronic diseases. The heavy burden of illness associated with CLD highlights the need for earlier diagnosis and innovative treatment approaches that may reduce the burden of illness and concomitant costs posed by this illness.
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