Primary Cutaneous CD30+ Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in a Heart Transplant Patient: Case Report and Literature Review

Unit of Dermatology, University of Padua, Via Cesare Battisti, Padua, Italy.
Acta Dermato Venereologica (Impact Factor: 3.03). 02/2009; 89(1):74-7. DOI: 10.2340/00015555-0543
Source: PubMed


Solid organ transplant recipients are at risk of developing a wide range of viral-associated malignancies, including skin tumours and lymphoproliferative disorders. The risk of a post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is 28-49 times the risk of a lymphoproliferative disorder in the normal population. Most cases are of B-cell phenotype and are associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders presenting clinically in the skin are rare and usually of B-cell phenotype. Only rare cases of cutaneous T-cell post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder have been reported previously, mostly mycosis fungoides type. We describe here a rare primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma CD30+ arising in a heart transplant patient who had a nodule on the right leg, several years after heart transplantation. The morphology and immunohistochemical findings were consistent with a CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma with a T-cell phenotype. Excisional biopsy and radiotherapy of the affected area were performed. In this patient, the presence of a solitary lesion and the lack of systemic involvement represented the main factors taken into account in choosing the therapy and the patient was therefore treated using a non-aggressive approach, although with systemic immunosuppression. In conclusion, the diagnosis of a CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma in transplant recipients does not imply aggressive clinical behaviour by the lymphoma.

Download full-text


Available from: Anna Belloni Fortina
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Synchronous occurrence of lymphomatous proliferations of B and T lineage in the same patient is a very rare event and still poorly understood. All the cases reported in the English language literature are described as single case reports. We report a case of 49-year-old man, with 2-year history of multiple myeloma, presented with a raised, erythematous and ulcerated nodule in the anterior aspect of his right thigh. Histologic examination of biopsy specimen showed a dense dermic infiltrate made of large balastic cells displaying anaplastic morphology with no epidermotropism. Immunohistochemical study showed that tumor cells stained positive with CD30, EMA and CD4, and negative for CD3, CD8, CD5, CD20, CD79a, CD138 and anaplastic lymphoma kinase 1 (ALK or Ki-1). Tangour M, Chelly I, Haouet S, Zitouna M, Kchir N. Multiple myeloma and cutaneous anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma in the same patient: Is there a causal relation?
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PCALCL) in immunocompromised patients is rare. Only 11 cases have been reported to date, all of them in organ transplant recipients and none in patient with idiopathic CD4+ T-cell lymphocytopaenia. We describe here the original clinical pattern of deep, fascia and muscle-penetrating PCALCL of the lower limb in two immunocompromised patients, one in a renal transplant recipient, the other in a patient with idiopathic CD4+ T-cell lymphocytopaenia. Both patients experienced a negative outcome, contrasting with the usually indolent course of PCALCL in immunocompetent patients, since both died of complications related to the lymphoma 30 and 13 months later, respectively. The unusual clinical aggressiveness of these two cases of PCALCL suggests that, in this peculiar subset with a deep structures involvement hallmark, a worse prognosis could be expected, especially in immunocompromised patients. This information should be taken into consideration when making therapeutic choices.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Acta Dermato-Venereologica
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma with local lymph node involvement was diagnosed in a 13-year-old boy with an ulcerative facial lesion and a history of skin lesions of lymphomatoid papulosis. The tumor regressed with chemotherapy. He continued to develop recurrent self-limited lesions of lymphomatoid papulosis , with a halo surrounding these lesions during the healing phase. He developed selective immunoglobulin M deficiency with decline in levels even 4 years after the chemotherapy with no recurrent infections noted and adequate IgG response to immunizations. Both peripheral blood IgM+ and memory B cells were low, suggesting a possible cause-effect relationship between selective immunoglobulin M deficiency and chronic CD30+ cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Show more