Neurocognitive Performance in Hypertensive Patients after Spine Surgery

Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.
Anesthesiology (Impact Factor: 5.88). 03/2009; 110(2):254-61. DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181942c7a
Source: PubMed


Cognitive dysfunction is fairly common after noncardiac surgery and may be related to intraoperative blood pressure management. The authors present an analysis of risk factors for cognitive deterioration after spine surgery in older patients, with particular emphasis on intraoperative blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive patients.
This is a post hoc cohort analysis of 45 patients enrolled before undergoing lumbar laminectomy or microdiscectomy. The patients underwent a battery of 5 neuropsychometric tests preoperatively, and 1 day and 1 month postoperatively. Computerized anesthesia records were used to obtain intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) data. Simple linear regressions between intraoperative MAP and postoperative cognitive performance were performed, and multivariate linear regression models of postoperative cognitive performance were constructed to analyze potential risk factors for cognitive decline after surgery.
Twenty-one normotensive patients (mean age, 62.4 yr) and 24 hypertensive patients (mean age, 67.9 yr) were included in this analysis. There was a significant positive relationship between minimum intraoperative MAP values and 1-day cognitive performance by simple linear regression in hypertensive (P = 0.003), but not normotensive, patients. In multivariate linear regression analysis of cognitive performance, there was a significant interaction between hypertension and minimum intraoperative MAP at 1 day and 1 month.
In hypertensive patients, there was a significant relationship between minimum intraoperative MAP and decline in cognitive function 1 day and 1 month after surgery. A prospective controlled trial of intraoperative blood pressure control, especially during induction of anesthesia when MAP values typically drop, is needed to confirm these findings.

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    • "The largest study that evaluated this matter was " The International Study of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction " but no association between surgical blood pressure and postoperative cognitive function was found (Moller et al. 1998). In contrast, other researchers have found a link between postoperative cognitive function and blood pressure during surgery (Schutz et al. 2006; Yocum et al. 2009). "
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