Mental Health and Other Risk Factors for Jail Incarceration Among Male Veterans

Research, Education and Clinical Center, VA New England Mental Illness, 950 Campbell Ave, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.
Psychiatric Quarterly (Impact Factor: 1.26). 02/2009; 80(1):41-53. DOI: 10.1007/s11126-009-9092-8
Source: PubMed


Data derived from the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails and the 2000 National Survey of Veterans show that having mental health problems in addition to such sociodemographic characteristics as being a member of a minority group, not being married, having less education, and being younger are risk factors for incarceration among veterans, as they are for the general population. As in previous studies veterans who served during the Vietnam Era and to an even greater extent, those who served in the early years of the All Volunteer Force were at greater risk of incarceration than veterans from the most recent period of the AVF, after controlling for age and other factors.

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Available from: Greg Greenberg, Nov 11, 2015
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    • "PTSD also produces sequelae in other social segments. In veteran populations, PTSD is implicated in higher levels of domestic violence (Orcutt et al., 2003), higher use of medical services (Beckham et al., 1998; Boscarino, 2005), overrepresentation in the prison population (Greenberg and Rosenheck, 2009), and secondary traumatization of family members (Ben Arzi et al., 2000; Galovski and Lyons, 2004). Widespread failure of treatment programs for veterans with PTSD is well documented in the popular press, with references to homelessness among veterans and suicide rates that exceed combat fatalities. "
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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease
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    • "Some scholars argue that individual characteristics of veterans, such as antisocial personality disorder and level of education, are more closely tied with arrest than military involvement (Greenberg & Rosenheck, 2009; Taylor et al., 2012). Primary risk factors of arrest for veterans include being male, minority, single, less educated, and young and having mental health problems (Greenberg & Rosenheck, 2009), which are similar to the risk factors for the general population (Bonta, Law, & Hanson, 1998). Although there is overlap in the predictors of arrest for veterans and the general population, there is sufficient evidence to suggest that veterans are at risk of mental health problems and difficulty in adjusting postdeployment, which uniquely contribute to coming into contact with the criminal justice system. "
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    ABSTRACT: Veterans, particularly those who were involved in combat, experience difficulty readjusting to civilian life after deployment. Difficulties in adjustment postdeployment can contribute to involvement in the criminal justice system for some veterans. Interventions for veterans in the criminal justice system (e.g., veteran courts) are expanding as stakeholders become more aware of the risks that veterans face in corrections. The social work profession is especially suited to play a unique and critical role in veteran interventions through direct practice, advocacy, administration, and research. This article discusses the role of social work practice with veterans in corrections and the implications for the social work profession in veteran-related policy and research. This article includes an overview of the research on veterans in the criminal justice system, a discussion of one rapidly expanding intervention for veterans, and a focused discussion on the multiple roles for social workers in practice, policy, and research.
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    • "Military veterans with PTSD [33-35] or combat experience [29] may find themselves incarcerated, yet the associations between PTSD or combat exposure and imprisonment are not without ambiguity [30,33,36]. Despite the uncertainty of a direct relationship with imprisonment, combat exposure has been strongly associated with aggressive tendencies [33], drug use [37], alcohol consumption [38], and engaging in risk taking behaviors [39]. "
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