Article

Family Antecedents and Consequences of Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: A Life Course Investigation

Department of Human Development and Family Studies/Institute of Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, USA.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.72). 01/2009; 49(4):468-83. DOI: 10.1177/002214650804900407
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Using prospective data from 485 adolescents over a 10-year period, the present study identifies distinct segments of depressive symptom trajectories--a nonsignificant slope during adolescence and a significant negative slope during the transition to adulthood. The study hypothesized that different age-graded life experiences would differentially influence these depressive symptom growth parameters. The findings show that early stressful experiences associated with family-of-origin SES affect the initial level of depressive symptoms. Experiences with early transitional events during adolescence explain variation in the slope of depressive symptoms during the transition to adulthood. The growth parameters of depressive symptoms and an early transition from adolescence to adulthood constrain young adult social status attainment. Consistent with the life-course perspective, family-of-origin adversity is amplified across the life-course by successively contingent adverse circumstances involving life-transition difficulties and poor mental health. The findings also provide evidence for intergenerational transmission of social adversity through health trajectories and social pathways.

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    • "The results also reveal constant mental health differences based on sex/ gender and SES where men and those of high-SES background are advantaged. The results on general and sex/gender patterns in mental health from late adolescence to young adulthood support previous findings (Bell and Lee 2003; Copeland et al. 2014; Wickrama et al. 2008; Wilkins 2013). The drop in mental health in part mirror the findings by Patton et al. (2014), suggesting that young people may be vulnerable to poorer mental health at these ages. "
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