An impulse test technique with application to acoustic measurements

Journal of Sound and Vibration (Impact Factor: 1.81). 04/1979; 70(4). DOI: 10.1016/0022-460X(80)90319-3
Source: NTRS


A method has been presented for measuring the acoustic properties of an absorbent material and a duct/nozzle system (with or without airflow) using a high voltage spark discharge as an impulse source of sound. The cross-spectra of the incident, reflected and transmitted acoustic pressure transients are analyzed by way of a FFT digital processor in the form of complex transfer functions. These transfer functions have a direct relationship to the termination impedance and radiation directivity. The impulse method has been justified by comparisons, with data obtained from existing methods (both experimental and theoretical), that show excellent agreement. Reflection coefficients and radiation impedances of various duct-nozzle systems and their associated far-field directivities are also presented as some of the applications of the impulse technique.

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    ABSTRACT: A procedure to control transient signal generation is developed for the study of internal noise propagation from aircraft engines. A simple algorithm incorporating transform techniques is used to produce signals of any desired waveform from acoustic drivers. The accurate driver response is then calculated, and from this the limiting frequency characteristics are determined and the undesirable frequencies where the driver response is poor are eliminated from the analysis. A synthesized signal is then produced by convolving the inverse of the response function with the desired signal. Although the shape of the synthesized signal is in general quite awkward, the driver generates the desired signal when the distorted signal is fed into the driver. The results of operating the driver in two environments, in a free field and in a duct, are presented in order to show the impedance matching effect of the driver. In addition, results using a high frequency cut-off value as a parameter is presented in order to demonstrate the extent of the applicability of the synthesis procedure. It is concluded that the desired signals can be generated through the signal synthesis procedure.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1982 · Journal of Sound and Vibration
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    ABSTRACT: A method is described to evaluate the radiation impedance spectra of a duct-nozzle system with and without mean flow by using measured reflection coefficient data. In this method the impedance at the junction of the duct and nozzle is first evaluated by using complex reflection coefficient data measured experimentally with an impulse technique. This impedance is then transferred to the nozzle exit by using a solution of the wave equation appropriate for the duct-nozzle system. The application of this method is described and results are presented to show the effect of nozzle geometry and the effect of mean flow on the radiation impedance of the duct-nozzle system. The results derived by using this method are compared with the similar results derived by using some approximate methods.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1983 · Journal of Sound and Vibration
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the acoustic transmission characteristics of ducts, nozzles, orifices, and perforated plates, studied under an experimental program using an acoustic impulse technique. In this technique high intensity pulses, generated by discharging a capacitor across a spark gap, were used as the sound source. The test conditions include heated and unheated flows, with and without simulated flight. Results for a straight round duct, three convergent nozzles, a suppressor nozzle, 12 orifice plates, and 10 perforated plates are presented. A low frequency acoustic power loss phenomenon was observed for all configurations at all test conditions including the no flow condition. It was suspected that the power loss phenomenon at the no flow condition could be due to the conversion of acoustic energy into vortical energy due to non-linear propagation of high intensity pulses. However, a small amount of low frequency power loss was noticed even when tests were repeated with low intensity sound. Detailed flow visualization results were also obtained to complement the acoustic results.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1984 · Journal of Sound and Vibration
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