A series of 2-(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl-methyl)-4-methyl-1-oxo-5,6,8,8a-tetrahydro-thiazolo[3,4-d] [1,2,4]triazines was prepared and tested for antinociceptive activity.
The compounds were prepared by the Mannich reaction from the corresponding 2-unsubstituted thiazolotriazines. When administered intraperitoneally most were found to have potent analgesic activity in the mouse during tests of ... [Show full abstract] phenylbenzoquinone-induced abdominal constriction; ED50 values (doses resulting in half the maximum effect) ranged from 10 to 87 mg kg−1. Derivatives with a 3-chloro- or 4-fluorophenylpiperazinylmethyl side-chain in the 2-position of the bicyclic system were, when administered intraperitoneally at doses greater than 25 mg kg−1, also effective in the hot-plate test without associated sedative effects. The compounds have a large therapeutic index; intraperitoneal LD50 values (doses which result in the death of half the animals) were > 700 mg kg−1. Naloxone attenuated the analgesic activity of the 3-chloro derivative, suggesting the participation of μ-receptors in the antinociceptive effects of this drug. In addition, a non-opioid mechanism, probably related to enhancement of the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline, or inhibition of the neuronal re-uptake of these compounds, has been evinced to explain the analgesic properties of the 3-chloro or 4-fluoro derivatives.
These results provide evidence for the involvement of noradrenergic and 5-hydroxytryptaminergic pathways in the analgesic activity of 3 and 4. Because of their potential effectiveness, the 3-chloro- or 4-fluorophenylpiperazinylmethyl derivatives might be suitable for treatment of a wide variety of painful conditions and could be attractive reserve agents for patients dissatisfied with opioids.