Article

A novel technique for NACE coupled with simultaneous electrochemiluminescence and electrochemical detection for fast analysis of tertiary amines

State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, P. R. China.
Electrophoresis (Impact Factor: 3.03). 02/2009; 30(3):479-86. DOI: 10.1002/elps.200800253
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

A simultaneous electrochemiluminescence (ECL) and electrochemical (EC) detection scheme for NACE was presented for fast analysis of tertiary amines. Both ECL and EC signals were generated at the same Pt electrode. Triethylamine (TEA), tripropylamine (TPrA), chlorpromazine, promethazine, and dioxopromethazine (DPZ) were selected to validate NACE-ECL/EC dual detection strategy. The linear ranges for TEA and TPrA were 0.01-500 and 0.01-10 microM with the detection limits of 8.0 and 5.0 nM (S/N=3), respectively. The RSDs (n=6) of the migration time and the ECL intensity for 1 microM TEA and 0.5 microM TPrA were 0.1 and 2.8%, and 0.2 and 1.8% with theoretical plate numbers of 180,000 and 700,000 per meter, respectively. These two analytes could be separated within 92 s and the Pt electrode did not need reactivation during the experiments. Chlorpromazine, promethazine, and DPZ could be well separated by NACE. The proposed method was also demonstrated for fast determination of DPZ in human urine with simple sample preparation. The results indicated that NACE-ECL/EC had the advantages of simple and fast analysis with more information, wide linear range, high sensitivity, and compatibility with real urine sample.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Jianshe Huang, Dec 14, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)) cathodic electrochemiluminescence (ECL) was generated at -0.78 V at the Pt electrode in acetonitrile (ACN), which suggested that the cathodic ECL differed from conventional cathodic ECL. It was found that tripropylamine (TPrA) could enhance this cathodic ECL and the linear range (log-log plot) was 0.2 microM-0.2mM. In addition, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) could inhibit the cathodic ECL and was indirectly detected with the linear range of 27-540 microM. The RSD (n=12) of the ECL intensity in the presence of 135 microM H(2)O(2) was 0.87%. This method was also demonstrated for the fast determination of H(2)O(2) in disinfectant sample and satisfactory results were obtained.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Talanta
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rapid and simple method was demonstrated for the analysis of atropine, anisodamine, and scopolamine by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) coupled with electrochemiluminescence (ECL) and electrochemistry (EC) dual detection. The mixture of acetonitrile (ACN) and 2-propanol containing 1M acetic acid (HAc), 20mM sodium acetate (NaAc), and 2.5mM tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP) was used as the electrophoretic buffer. Although a short capillary of 18cm was used, the decoupler was not needed and the separation efficiency was good. The linear ranges of atropine, anisodamine, and scopolamine were 0.5-50, 5-2000, and 50-2000microM, respectively. For six replicate measurements of 100microM scopolamine, 15microM atropine, and 200microM anisodamine, the RSDs of ECL intensity, EC current, and migration time were less than 3.6%, 4.5%, and 0.3%, respectively. In addition, because the organic buffer was used, the working electrode (Pt) was not easily fouled and did not need reactivation. The method was also applied for the determination of these three alkaloids in Flos daturae extract.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of Chromatography A
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel and sensitive method for the simultaneous determination of enoxacin and ofloxacin has been established using capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection based on the ECL enhancement of tri(2,2-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II). The conditions for sample solvent type, CE separation and ECL detection were investigated systematically. The analytes were well separated and detected within 7 min. The limits of detection (S/N = 3) of enoxacin and ofloxacin are 9.0 x 10(-9) and 1.6 x 10(-8) mol/L, respectively. The precisions (RSD%) of intraday and interday are less than 2.1 and 4.0%, respectively. The limits of quantitation (S/N = 10) of enoxacin and ofloxacin are 3.2 x 10(-7) and 5.4 x 10(-7) mol/L in human urine samples and 4.1 x 10(-7) and 6.9 x 10(-7) mol/L in human serum samples, respectively. The recoveries of enoxacin and ofloxacin at different concentration levels in human urine, serum and eye drop samples are between 94.0 and 106.7%. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of the enoxacin and ofloxacin in human urine, serum and eye drop samples and the monitoring of pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin in human body.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Biomedical Chromatography
Show more