Microsatellite instability analysis of sinonasal carcinomas

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IUOPA, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.02). 02/2009; 140(1):55-60. DOI: 10.1016/j.otohns.2008.10.038
Source: PubMed


Intestinal-type sinonasal adenocarcinoma (ITAC) and squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal cavity (SCCNC) are histopathologically but not etiologically similar to colorectal adenocarcinoma or to laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, respectively. Microsatellite instability (MSI) is involved in both tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible role for MSI in the pathogenesis of two types of nasal carcinoma.
DNA obtained from frozen tumor samples of 41 ITACs and 24 SCCNCs was analyzed for shifts in five mononucleotide microsatellite loci by multiplex PCR.
The allelic patterns of one ITAC (2%) and five SCCNCs (21%) revealed an allelic shift for at least one of the five loci, indicating microsatellite instability.
MSI may be involved in squamous cell carcinoma, but not in adenocarcinoma of the nasal cavities.

Download full-text


Available from: Jorge García Martínez, Feb 10, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (ITAC) of ethmoid is a rare tumor associated with occupational exposure to wood and leather dusts. Polymorphisms in xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes play an important role in gene-environment interactions and may contribute to a high degree of variance in individual susceptibility to cancer risk. The aim of this study was to investigate by polymerase chain reaction the role of polymorphisms at CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genes in 30 ethmoid ITAC patients and 79 healthy donors. The distribution of Thr/Asn genotype at CYP1A1 codon 461 was significantly overrepresented among the patients (23.3%; P = .0422), whereas the Ile/Val genotype at CYP1A1 codon 462 was not significantly different between cases and controls (P = .76). The GSTM1 null genotype was not significantly different between cases and control (P = 1), but we observed that the combined codon 461 Thr/Asn and GSTM1 null genotype was overrepresented in the patient group (P = .0019). The results reveal that patients with CYP1A1 codon 461 polymorphism may be at high genetic risk of ITAC and that the risk increases in the presence of combined polymorphism of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 null genotype. This strongly suggests that CYP1A1 codon 461 and GSTM1 null genotype may be useful in selecting exposed individuals at risk for ethmoid ITAC.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Translational oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Among primitive adenocarcinoma of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus, the 2005 WHO classification distinguishes two main categories: intestinal type adenocarcinoma (ITAC) and low-grade non-intestinal adenocarcinoma, entities with different clinical and epidemiological characteristics. Low-grade adenocarcinoma shows a respiratory type phenotype (CK20-/CK7+/CDX2-/villin-) and ITACs, an intestinal type profile (CK20+/CK7-/CDX2+/villin+). Because of histological, ultrastructural and phenotypical similarities between ITAC and colorectal adenocarcinomas, several studies have discussed a possible common pathway in carcinogenesis. But the review of literature shows conflicting results, suggesting different pathways of pathogenesis. Differential diagnoses of sinonasal intestinal-type adenocarcinoma are mainly respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartomas, inverted schneiderian papillomas, salivary glands-type carcinoma and more rarely metastasis of adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Annales de Pathologie
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignant diagnosis made with upper aerodigestive tract specimens, a myriad of neoplasms can occur throughout the area. Very uncommonly, one encounters adenocarcinomas that cannot be better classified as salivary gland-type neoplasia. This manuscript reviews these tumors, including sinonasal intestinal-type adenocarcinomas, sinonasal low-grade and high-grade nonintestinal adenocarcinomas and nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinomas. Clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features and differential diagnoses are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Advances in anatomic pathology
Show more