This study investigated the potential of seed priming through sorghum water extract for improving the seedlings establishment and early seedling growth of sunflower and maize. The experiments consisted of following treatments viz., (i) control, (ii) hydropriming, (iii) seed priming with 1% sorghum water extract (SWE), (iv) seed priming with 1.5% SWE, (v) seed priming with 2% SWE, (vi) seed ... [Show full abstract] priming with 2.5% SWE (vii) seed priming with 3% SWE and (viii) seed priming with 1% (w/v) calcium chloride. Results revealed that various priming treatments on seed significantly affected the number of leaves per plant, plant height, root length, shoot length, root dry weight and shoot dry weight of sunflower and maize. Seed priming with 1-1.5% SWE and calcium chloride was beneficial for improvement in root/shoot dry weight in maize. In sunflower, root dry weight was the highest when seeds were primed with 2.5% SWE while seed priming with other concentrations of SWE were equally beneficial for improvement in shoot dry weight of sunflower. In crux, seed priming with calcium chloride and SWE (1 to 3%) should be opted to improve the seedling growth of maize and sunflower. The choice of seed priming osmotica can be made based on source of osmotica easily available at farmer field.