Effect of coarse aggregate size on strength and workability of concrete

Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering (Impact Factor: 0.56). 02/2011; 33(2):206-213. DOI: 10.1139/l05-090


The properties of concrete were studied when the proportions of 37.5 and 19.5 mm stone in the coarse aggregate were varied. With the cement content of 160 kg/m3 and the ratio of water/cement (w/c) greater than 0.9, the compressive strength is maximum at 25 percent by weight (w/o) of 37.5 mm stone. Conversely, for the cement content of 350 kg/m3 and w/c ratios of less than 0.50, maximum compressive strength is substantively reduced. For both 160 kg/m3 and 350 kg/m3 cement contents, workability improves slightly as the proportion of the 37.5 mm stone is increased. For 100 mm fixed slumps and cement content of less than 160 kg/m3, there was little change in compressive strength as the proportion of 37.5 mm stone increased. However, when cement content was increased from 190 to 350 kg/m3, maximum compressive strength was observed, which shifted downward from 50 w/o to 25 w/o of 37.5 mm stone. In general, to maintain a 100 mm slump, water demand decreased as the proportion of 37.5 mm stone in the coarse aggregate fraction increased.Key words: concrete, compressive strength, workability, slump, aggregate, size, cement.

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    • "This phenomenon can be explained by the physical entanglement of aggregates that contributes to compressive strength and fracture energy of concrete and that is more pronounced with larger aggregates [25] [26]. These results are coherent with those observed in the literature [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] "
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