III. Validation of a laryngeal dissection module for phonomicrosurgical training
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. The Laryngoscope
(Impact Factor: 2.14).
01/2009; 119(1):211-5. DOI: 10.1002/lary.20018
To validate the use of a new phonomicrosurgical trainer called the laryngeal dissection module.
The module used synthetic, multilayered vocal folds inside a model larynx mounted on a platform, a microscope, and microsurgical instruments. The study was designed to test the module's ability to differentiate novices from expert surgeons and to test the module's ability to improve novice performance with training.
Expert (n = 5) and novice (n = 21) phonomicrosurgeons were instructed to remove a superficial ovoid lesion from a synthetic, right vocal fold. The task was assessed for total errors, total operating time, and injury to the superficial peripheral tissue, the lesion, and the deep tissue. Novice and expert performance was compared using an independent samples t test and a Fisher exact test. Subsequently, novices completed three practice trials and a posttraining trial, which was assessed for improvement compared with pretraining performance using a Wilcoxon signed rank test.
Experts completed the task with fewer total errors than novices (P < .001) and made fewer injuries to the oval lesion (P = .01). Novices improved performance with training, making fewer total errors in the posttraining trial (P = .003), reducing injury to the superficial peripheral tissue (P = .02), and taking less time to complete the task (P = .04).
The laryngeal dissection module was validated as a surgical trainer. It was able to differentiate expert versus novice performance, and it improved novice performance through training.
Available from: Ricardo Luiz Smith
- "These hands-on training programs are beneficial in the development of surgical skills. The achievement of surgical competence is mandatory for laryngology and phonosurgery, and the use of simulators in practice-oriented education is well documented in several studies (Uribe et al., 2004; Arora et al., 2005; Solyar et al., 2008; Contag et al., 2009; Nixon et al., 2012). These studies primarily intend to analyze the advantages and outcomes of specific models rather than report on the development of such devices in detail. "
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ABSTRACT: Multidisciplinary cooperation in health care requires a solid knowledge in the basic sciences for a common ground of communication. In speech pathology, these fundamentals improve the accuracy of descriptive diagnoses and support the development of new therapeutic techniques and strategies. The aim of this study is to briefly discuss the benefits of hands-on education on laryngeal anatomy and voice physiology in Brazilian graduate programs in speech pathology, as well as to describe a simple prototype that can be used as a useful educational tool for this purpose. The laryngeal anatomic support device was designed to provide a vertical frame to hold human or mammalian larynges with no preservation treatment, with the goal of allowing good visualization of the vocal folds during artificial phonation. The device was designed to provide the user the ability to manipulate the soft and cartilaginous structures of the larynx with near-natural biomechanical properties. The description of the project is detailed to allow the reproduction of this simple and inexpensive device. It may be used as an experimental feature in a variety of settings, from high-school programs to experimental research methods, and may suit a wide array of different educational models.
Available from: scielo.br
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ABSTRACT: Real models and virtual simulators have been used with positive results in several fields of medicine. These new devices can enhance teaching, learning and also training in Otolaryngology, reducing associated costs and potentially reducing medical errors. We reviewed the literature on the real and virtual models and simulators used for education and training in our medical specialty, discussing some of them and the results achieved with such instruments. Moreover, we also discuss the future perspectives in education and training in our medical specialty.
Otolaryngology, a clinical and surgical field of medicine, should be at the forefront of this technological revolution. In our specialty, real models and virtual simulators and environments have a great teaching and learning potential. With equipment costs dropping, thanks to technological development, these tools tend to become increasingly more popular.
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ABSTRACT: To describe the implementation of a program for surgical education in laryngology.
Items necessary to modify a temporal bone lab for laryngeal dissection purposes were identified, and costs to do so were calculated. The prices and availability of human and canine laryngeal specimens to be used for teaching purposes were then compared. Endoscopic and open laryngeal surgery were performed on canine larynges to determine suitability as a teaching model. A laryngeal dissection course with teaching objectives was created and instituted in an Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residency training program.
Modifications to convert an existing temporal bone lab into a laryngeal dissection lab cost $7,425. Canine larynges were found to strongly resemble human larynges and were easily used in a teaching model. They were more easily acquired and less expensive than human larynges. A novel dissection approach was created to maximize utility of a single cadaveric laryngeal specimen. Development of a laryngeal dissection manual facilitated a laryngeal dissection course.
A laryngeal dissection educational course can be instituted with simple and relatively inexpensive modifications to an existing temporal bone laboratory. Canine larynges can be substituted for human larynges for a substantial cost savings without educational compromise. The educational methods demonstrated can be easily duplicated at other training sites.
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