A Care Pathway to Boost Influenza Vaccination Rates among Inpatients with Acute Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack

Department of Neurology, University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association (Impact Factor: 1.67). 02/2009; 18(1):38-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2008.08.002
Source: PubMed


Although influenza-related morbidity and mortality is high, and influenza can be a trigger for recurrent stroke, only about half of stroke survivors receive yearly influenza vaccination. Identifying new avenues through which to optimize influenza vaccination among stroke survivors is a public health need. We assessed the feasibility of integrating influenza vaccination into routine inpatient stroke care.
We designed a quality improvement project incorporating influenza vaccination into care administered to hospitalized patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack that included a standardized order and discharge checklist. Data were then prospectively collected on consecutively encountered patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack admitted to a university hospital stroke service during the influenza season of October 2007 to February 2008. Successful influenza treatment use was based on optimal rather than actual treatment, with credit for optimal treatment given if an acceptable reason for nonadministration of the vaccine was documented.
Of 103 patients admitted during the study period, 75 (73%) were eligible for influenza vaccination (mean age 72.8 years; 51% women). Among vaccination-eligible patients, 65 (87%) received optimal influenza vaccination treatment, whereas 14 (21%) actually received the vaccination during hospitalization. Leading reason (90%) for suboptimal influenza vaccination treatment among eligible patients was that the vaccination was inadvertently not ordered on admission or at discharge.
Influenza vaccination can be systematically incorporated into stroke hospitalization and may be a viable avenue for promptly enhancing short-term clinical outcomes among hospitalized patients with stroke during peak influenza season.

Download full-text


Available from: Norma D Mcnair
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients hospitalized with recent symptomatic cerebral ischemia are at high early risk for subsequent cerebrovascular events. This notwithstanding, an unacceptably high proportion of these patients do not receive prompt and appropriate treatment with evidence-based, guideline-recommended, vascular risk-reduction therapies when exposed to conventional care. Studies of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack patients reveal that treatment guidelines are often not followed or variably applied, thereby impeding improvements in care quality and clinical outcomes. A likely contributor to this evidence-practice chasm has been the unavailability to care providers of user-friendly, broadly applicable tools/algorithms that could facilitate ready and uniform implementation of proven therapies.The Stroke PROTECT (Preventing Recurrence Of Thromboembolic Events through Coordinated Treatment) program, was designed for inpatient, outpatient, and transitional care settings, and systematically implements evidence-based medication and behavioral secondary prevention measures following the occurrence of an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. PROTECT program pathways and tools incorporate early recognition and prompt initiation of evidence-based, guideline-recommended care in eligible patients without contraindications. The program has been associated with significant increases in discharge treatment utilization, as well as better therapy adherence, target biomarker control and enhanced clinical outcomes in the postdischarge setting. By utilizing best-care practices, PROTECT aims to help practitioners caring for patients with established cerebrovascular disease, to improve the quality of in-hospital and postdischarge stroke care.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Critical pathways in cardiology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Stroke
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inpatient quality improvement initiatives have been associated with impressive improvements in evidence-based discharge treatment rates in hospitalized stroke patients. However, these programs have generally focused only on optimizing recurrent stroke prevention strategies among ischemic stroke patients. Many patients hospitalized with recent symptomatic cerebral ischemia are also at risk for future ischemic episodes emanating from other vascular beds, and the inpatient setting could represent an opportunity to screen and appropriately manage such patients who harbor cross-vascular risk. The stroke hospitalization may also be ideal for identifying stroke patients susceptible to a highly preventable yet common trigger of vascular events and poor clinical outcomes like influenza infection. Finally, several hospital-based prevention measures are underutilized in patients hospitalized with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) compared with those with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, and so protocols geared at enhancing prevention of ICH recurrence, are certainly warranted. This article presents pathways (algorithms, pocket cards, preprinted orders) developed from expert consensus prevention guidelines and implemented within a broader stroke inpatient quality improvement program, which target patients highly vulnerable to future coronary events, poor clinical outcomes following influenza infection, and recurrent ICH.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Critical pathways in cardiology
Show more