Relevancia epidemiológica de vectores presentes en un Área de Salud de Camagüey
Background: due to the current worldwide epidemiologic situation, it is necessary to determine the presence and distribution of vectorial species with priority in public health field, and with it to take correct initiatives against so undesirable carriers of diseases to man. Objective: to inform the culicide species and mollusks of medical-veterinary relevance, present in a Health Area of Camagüey province, contributing to the design and implementation of appropriate strategies of surveillance, prevention and control, starting from the reported species. Methods: entomological and malacological explorations in the universe of houses and/or local assisted by the University Polyclinic Ignacio Agramonte of Camagüey (143 blocks, with 6 waste lands), as well as in 15 natural and/or potentials of mosquitoes´ breeding grounds and harmful sweet-water-bearing mollusks for man's health. To the collections were applied the described techniques by the Ministry of Public Health of Cuba, for the national network of control of vectors. Results: twenty-two species were identified with marked medical-veterinary relevance which are: 14 to the Phylum Arthropoda: Aedes aegypti, Anopheles albimanus, An vestitipennis and Culex quinquefasciatus, as well as 8 to the Phylum Mollusca: Biomphalaria helophila, Fossaria cubensis and Pomacea poeyana, all related with the transmission of important diseases to the man. Conclusions: with this investigation we make known the culicide species and mollusks of medical-veterinary relevance, present in a Health Area of Camagüey province, and with it contributing knowledge that help in the design and implementation of appropriate strategies of surveillance, prevention and control, of reported species.
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